Mingora (Pashto: مینګورہ‎, Mingawara; Urdu: مینگورہ‎) is a commercial city in the Swat District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, located at an altitude of 984 metres (3,228 ft), 2 km (1.2 mi) away from the town of Saidu Sharif. Mingora is the largest city and the epicenter of social, cultural, and economic activities in Malakand Division, and also the largest in the northern part of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.[2] Mingora is the third largest city in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the 26th largest city in Pakistan, with a population of 279,914 people.[3] Mingora is a major tourist destination, with many hotels. https://www.facebook.com/himalayanhandicraftsswatpakistan

Mingora


مینگورہ
View of Mingora
View of Mingora
Mingora is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Mingora
Mingora
Mingora is located in Pakistan
Mingora
Mingora
Mingora is located in Asia
Mingora
Mingora
Mingora is located in Earth
Mingora
Mingora
Coordinates: 34°46′18″N 72°21′36″E / 34.77167°N 72.36000°E / 34.77167; 72.36000Coordinates: 34°46′18″N 72°21′36″E / 34.77167°N 72.36000°E / 34.77167; 72.36000
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
DistrictSwat District
TehsilBabuzai
Elevation
984 m (3,228 ft)
Population
 • City331,091
 • Urban
331,091
 • Metro
599,040
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Calling code(0946)
WebsiteMingora

HistoryEdit

 
Mingora bazar

Many Buddhist remains and carvings have been discovered near Mingora in the Jambil River Valley. At Panr, a stupa and monastery dated to the 1st century CE has been excavated. At Loe Banr, Butkara II and Matalai, Italian archaeologists unearthed 475 Aryan graves dated between 1520 and 170 BC and two horse skeletons.[4] On the opposite side of the River Swat at Aligrama, near the Saidu Sharif airport, a site of Gandhara grave culture was discovered by Italian archaeologists and dated to 1000 BC.

In 2007 during the rise of the Taliban insurgency, Mingora was invaded by the Taliban, largely impacting traditional culture in Mingora. A year later, the militant leader Fazlullah, then leader of Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi, established a pirated FM channel in the nearby Mamdheri village, approximately five kilometers away from Mingora.[2] Fazlullah subsequently became leader of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan in Swat Valley, encompassing the entirety of Mingora.[5][6] The oppresion of girls' education, Polio treatments, and freedom of expresion became imminent throughout Mingora as a result, causing challenges for residents and Mingora's Green Square, once the hub of Mingora's social and cultural functions, became the execution grounds of Taliban opponents and dissidents, government officials, and civil workers, with corpses being hung from electricity poles.[2] Shabana, a local singer and dancer, was brutally shot and killed by the Taliban with her body being dumped in Mingora's main roundabout.[7]

The Operation Rah-e-Raast in 2009 placed Mingora back into Pakistani control.[8]

ClimateEdit

 
Mingora night view
 
The city occasionally experiences thunderstorms

With a mild and generally warm and temperate climate, Mingora features a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) under the Köppen climate classification. The average annual temperature in Mingora is 19.3 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 897 mm. Even in the driest months, there is a lot of precipitation. November is the driest month with 22 mm of precipitation, while August, the wettest month, has an average precipitation of 134 mm.

June is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 29.2 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of 7.6 °C.

Climate data for Mingora
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
15.8
(60.4)
20.2
(68.4)
25.6
(78.1)
31.7
(89.1)
36.8
(98.2)
35.4
(95.7)
33.7
(92.7)
32.3
(90.1)
28.0
(82.4)
21.8
(71.2)
15.3
(59.5)
25.8
(78.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
10.3
(50.5)
14.2
(57.6)
19.2
(66.6)
24.5
(76.1)
29.2
(84.6)
29.0
(84.2)
27.8
(82.0)
25.6
(78.1)
20.5
(68.9)
14.6
(58.3)
9.4
(48.9)
19.3
(66.8)
Average low °C (°F) 2.1
(35.8)
4.8
(40.6)
8.2
(46.8)
12.7
(54.9)
17.3
(63.1)
21.6
(70.9)
22.6
(72.7)
21.9
(71.4)
18.9
(66.0)
12.9
(55.2)
7.4
(45.3)
3.5
(38.3)
12.8
(55.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 81
(3.2)
98
(3.9)
125
(4.9)
90
(3.5)
46
(1.8)
31
(1.2)
130
(5.1)
134
(5.3)
64
(2.5)
28
(1.1)
22
(0.9)
48
(1.9)
897
(35.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org[9]


Notable people from MingoraEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "POPULATION AND HOUSEHOLD DETAIL FROM BLOCK TO DISTRICT LEVEL: KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA (SWAT DISTRICT)" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2018-01-03. Retrieved 2018-04-24.
  2. ^ a b c "Life in the Swat Valley". Pulitzer Center. 2011-08-05. Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  3. ^ "Where is Mingora, Pakistan?". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  4. ^ Augusto Azzaroli, Two Proto-historic Horse Skeletons from Swāt, Pakistan, East and West, Vol. 25, No. 3/4 (September-December 1975), pp. 353-357: [1]
  5. ^ Tribune.com.pk (2011-10-17). "Mullah Radio: Pakistan urges Afghan action against Maulvi Fazlullah". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  6. ^ "Swat Taliban chief 'near death'". 2009-07-10. Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  7. ^ Jul 22, Omer Farooq Khan | TNN | Updated; 2009; Ist, 0:40. "Dying notes: Music goes out of Peshawar as artists face militants' ire - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  8. ^ "Operation Rah-e-Raast liberating Swat valley from extremism – South Asia Journal". Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  9. ^ "Climate: Mingora - Climate-Data.org". Retrieved 15 September 2016.

External linksEdit