Mindel glaciation

The Mindel glaciation (German: Mindel-Kaltzeit, also Mindel-Glazial, Mindel-Komplex or, colloquially, Mindel-Eiszeit) is the third youngest glacial stage in the Alps. Its name was coined by Albrecht Penck and Eduard Brückner, who named it after the Swabian river, the Mindel. The Mindel glacial occurred in the Middle Pleistocene; it was preceded by the Haslach-Mindel interglacial (often regarded as part of Günz) and succeeded by the Mindel-Riss interglacial (Holstein interglacial).

Extent of Alpine glaciation (blue: edge of the ice sheet in the Mindel and Riss glacial periods)

The Mindel glaciation is commonly correlated to the Elster glaciation of northern Europe. The more precise timing is controversial since Mindel is commonly correlated to two different marine isotope stages, MIS 12[1] (478–424 thousand years ago[2]) and MIS 10[3] (374–337 thousand years ago[2]). This ambiguity is much related to the correlation problem described in more detail in the article 'Elster glaciation'.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy, Global chronostratigraphical correlation table for the last 2.7 million years, v. 2011
  2. ^ a b Lisiecki, Lorraine E.; Raymo, Maureen E. (2005). "A Pliocene-Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic δ18O records". Paleoceanography. 20 (1): n/a. Bibcode:2005PalOc..20.1003L. doi:10.1029/2004PA001071. hdl:2027.42/149224.
  3. ^ German Stratigraphic Commission: Stratigraphische Tabelle von Deutschland 2016


  • K.A. Habbe, in cooperation with D. Ellwanger and R. Becker-Haumann, T. Litt im Auftrag der Deutschen Stratigraphischen Kommission 2007 (ed.), "Stratigraphische Begriffe für das Süddeutsche Alpenvorland", Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart/Quaternary Science Journal (in German), Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Nägele und Obermiller), vol. 56, no. 1–2, pp. 66–83, doi:10.3285/eg.56.1-2.03, ISSN 0424-7116
  • T. Litt; et al., "Das Quartär in der Stratigraphischen Tabelle von Deutschland 2002", Newsletters in Stratigraphie (in German), Berlin, Stuttgart, vol. 41, no. 1–3, pp. 385–399, explanation, table {{citation}}: External link in |postscript= (help)CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  • Albrecht Penck; Eduard Brückner (1901–1909), Die Alpen im Eiszeitalter (in German), Leipzig: C.H. Tauchnitz (3 volumes)