Minas, Uruguay

Minas (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈminas]) is the capital of the Lavalleja Department in Uruguay. As of the census of 2011, it is the twelfth-most populated city in the country.

Minas
Capital city
Plaza Rivera, Minas.jpg
Minas is located in Uruguay
Minas
Minas
Coordinates: 34°22′0″S 55°14′0″W / 34.36667°S 55.23333°W / -34.36667; -55.23333Coordinates: 34°22′0″S 55°14′0″W / 34.36667°S 55.23333°W / -34.36667; -55.23333
Country Uruguay
Department Lavalleja
Founded1783
Area
 • Total8.2 km2 (3.2 sq mi)
Elevation
140 m (460 ft)
Population
 (2011 Census)
 • Total38,446
 • Density4,745/km2 (12,290/sq mi)
 • Demonym
minuano
Time zoneUTC -3
Postal code
30000
Dial plan+598 444 (+5 digits)
ClimateCfa
Websitelavalleja.gub.uy

LocationEdit

The city is located in the south of the department, on the intersection of Route 8 with Route 12.

GeographyEdit

It lies between hill ranges and the basins of the Arroyo San Francisco and Arroyo Campanero streams.

HistoryEdit

A town was founded here in 1783 as "Villa de la Concepción de las Minas" when a number of families from the Asturias and Galicia regions of Spain settled in the area following a frustrated attempt to populate Patagonia. The idea of a city in the area was first raised in 1753 by Jose Joaquin de Viana, the governor of Montevideo, who wanted to create a population centre in "the zones of the mines". He commissioned Rafael Perez Del Puerto to design the layout of the city, the basis of which remains in place today.

On October 8, 1830, it was declared a town, and on June 16, 1837, by decree Ley Nº 158, it became the capital of the "Department of Minas". On May 16, 1888, its status was elevated city) by decree Ley Nº 1.980. On December 26, 1927, after the renaming of the department, it became the capital of the "Department of Lavalleja" by decree Ley Nº 8.187.[1]

PopulationEdit

According to the 2011 census, the area of Minas had a population of 38,446.[2][3]
The following areas are considered by some as part of the Minas urban area:[citation needed]

  • Blanes Viale: 104
  • Barrio La Coronilla - Ancap: 301
  • San Francisco de las Sierras: 58

As a result, the total population of the Minas area can be said to be 38,909.

Year Population
1908 13,345
1963 31,256
1975 35,225
1985 34,658
1996 37,146
2004 37,925
2011 38,446

Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay[1]

FeaturesEdit

 
A national science fair in Parque de Vacaciones UTE-ANTEL.
In the city

In the northeastern part of town, where a zoological garden was located, the main public park of the city "Parque Rodó" was developed. Its facilities include restrooms, a garden, two playgrounds for children, a swimming pool, an area for picnic, a restaurant, a walking trail, parking lots, a small farm with a few animals (peacocks, swans, llamas), several sport pitches and a small stadium, in which two yearly festivals take place, one in April "Minas & Abril" and the other in October "Semana de Lavalleja".

Cerro ArtigasEdit

At the east end of the city is Cerro Artigas, a hill with a park containing a statue of the 19th-century Uruguayan hero General José Artigas on horseback.

Surrounding area

The Parque Salto del Penitente lies 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) east of the city; 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) to the west-southwest is Parque Salus and 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the southeast is the Parque de Vacaciones UTE-ANTEL, a park for the vacation use of employees of the Uruguayan Electricity Company and the Uruguayan Telecommunications Company. Villa Serrana is a scenic village located in the hills about 25 kilometres (16 mi) northeast of Minas.

Places of worshipEdit

Famous peopleEdit

Minas is the birthplace of:

Twin townsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Statistics of urban localities (1908–2004)". INE. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  2. ^ "Censos 2011 Cuadros Lavalleja". INE. 2012. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  3. ^ "Censos 2011 Lavalleja". INE. 2012. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  4. ^ Verdun Sanctuary (in Spanish)

External linksEdit