Minamishimabara

Minamishimabara (南島原市, Minami-Shimabara-shi, lit. South Shimabara City) is a city in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. It occupies the southern tip of Shimabara Peninsula. As of 1 March 2017, the city has an estimated population of 45,465 and a population density of 270 persons per km2. The total area is 169.89 km2.[citation needed]

Minamishimabara
南島原市
Minamishimabara City Hall
Minamishimabara City Hall
Flag of Minamishimabara
Official seal of Minamishimabara
Location of Minamishimabara in Nagasaki Prefecture
Location of Minamishimabara in Nagasaki Prefecture
Minamishimabara is located in Japan
Minamishimabara
Minamishimabara
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 32°40′N 130°18′E / 32.667°N 130.300°E / 32.667; 130.300Coordinates: 32°40′N 130°18′E / 32.667°N 130.300°E / 32.667; 130.300
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureNagasaki Prefecture
Area
 • Total169.89 km2 (65.59 sq mi)
Population
 (March 1, 2017)
 • Total45,465
 • Density270/km2 (690/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address859-2211
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.minamishimabara.lg.jp
Symbols
FlowerSunflower
TreeFicus superba

The modern city of Minamishimabara was founded on March 31, 2006, from the merger of the towns of Arie, Fukae, Futsu, Kazusa, Kitaarima, Kuchinotsu, Minamiarima and Nishiarie (all from Minamitakaki District). Minamitakaki District was dissolved as a result of this merger.

HistoryEdit

The area now comprising Minamishimabara was under the control of the Arima clan, who ruled from Hinoe Castle in the Muromachi period. The area was the site of considerable foreign trade and Portuguese and Spanish missionary activity, and by the early Edo period, a large percentage of the population were Kirishitan. After the start of the national isolation policy, the Tokugawa Bakufu banned Christianity from 1614 and replaced Arima Naozumi with Matsukura Shigemasa, who relocated the capital of Shimabara Domain to Shimabara Castle is what is now Shimabara. Due to misgovernment, high taxes and persecution of Christianity, the population rose in the Shimabara Rebellion of 1637, with the peasants occupying the fortress of Hara Castle as their strongpoint. The rebellion was suppressed with extreme severity by the Tokugawa Bakufu, and the area of Minamishimabara was ruled by a branch of the Matsudaira clan from 1668 to 1774 and from 1774 to 1871.

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Minamishimabara has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen:Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. The average annual temperature in Minamishimabara is 17.3 °C (63.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,813.9 mm (71.41 in) with June as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.9 °C (82.2 °F), and lowest in January, at around 7.2 °C (45.0 °F).[1] Its record high is 38.8 °C (101.8 °F), reached on 7 August 2009, and its record low is −6.2 °C (20.8 °F), reached on 25 January 2016.[2]

Climate data for Kuchinotsu, Minamishimabara (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
21.8
(71.2)
24.7
(76.5)
28.2
(82.8)
31.4
(88.5)
36.9
(98.4)
37.0
(98.6)
38.8
(101.8)
35.7
(96.3)
32.8
(91.0)
26.4
(79.5)
24.4
(75.9)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
12.2
(54.0)
15.5
(59.9)
20.1
(68.2)
24.2
(75.6)
26.9
(80.4)
30.7
(87.3)
32.3
(90.1)
29.3
(84.7)
24.5
(76.1)
18.8
(65.8)
13.3
(55.9)
21.6
(70.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
8.0
(46.4)
11.1
(52.0)
15.4
(59.7)
19.5
(67.1)
22.9
(73.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.9
(82.2)
24.9
(76.8)
19.8
(67.6)
14.4
(57.9)
9.3
(48.7)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
3.7
(38.7)
6.6
(43.9)
10.9
(51.6)
15.4
(59.7)
19.8
(67.6)
23.9
(75.0)
24.6
(76.3)
21.3
(70.3)
15.7
(60.3)
10.3
(50.5)
5.2
(41.4)
13.4
(56.1)
Record low °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.6
(33.1)
7.8
(46.0)
12.1
(53.8)
17.4
(63.3)
18.5
(65.3)
11.8
(53.2)
5.1
(41.2)
0.7
(33.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
−6.2
(20.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60.9
(2.40)
79.0
(3.11)
114.8
(4.52)
132.6
(5.22)
151.6
(5.97)
366.9
(14.44)
304.6
(11.99)
180.7
(7.11)
175.1
(6.89)
88.8
(3.50)
89.6
(3.53)
69.3
(2.73)
1,813.9
(71.41)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.7 8.4 10.3 9.7 9.1 14.0 10.4 9.1 9.1 6.7 8.4 7.8 110.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133.4 147.8 178.9 191.5 199.4 134.5 195.2 232.7 188.9 194.2 157.7 142.5 2,099.6
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[2][1]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data, the population of Minamishimabara in 2020 is 42,330 people.[3] Minamishimabara has been conducting censuses since 1920. Minamishimabara's population peaked in 1945 and has since declined; the city's population in 2020 is only 50% of its 1945 population.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 67,412—    
1925 67,300−0.2%
1930 69,473+3.2%
1935 69,807+0.5%
1940 68,034−2.5%
1945 91,255+34.1%
1950 88,327−3.2%
1955 83,931−5.0%
1960 79,549−5.2%
1965 74,734−6.1%
1970 69,861−6.5%
1975 67,759−3.0%
1980 66,556−1.8%
1985 65,575−1.5%
1990 62,828−4.2%
1995 58,898−6.3%
2000 57,045−3.1%
2005 54,045−5.3%
2010 50,377−6.8%
2015 46,535−7.6%
2020 42,330−9.0%
Minamishimabara population statistics[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
  2. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
  3. ^ a b Minamishimabara population statistics

External linksEdit