Minahassa masked owl

The Minahassa masked owl (Tyto inexspectata), also known as the Minahassa barn owl, Sulawesi owl or Sulawesi golden owl, is a barn owl endemic to the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. The name is derived from the Minahassa Peninsula, where it was first described as a breeding bird; however, it is also known to live in north-central Sulawesi.[3]

Minahassa masked owl
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - ZMA.AVES.47378 - Tyto inexspectata Schlegel, 1879 - Tytonidae - skin specimen.jpeg
CITES Appendix II (CITES)[2]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Tytonidae
Genus: Tyto
T. inexspectata
Binomial name
Tyto inexspectata
(Schlegel, 1879)

The Minahassa masked owl has short wings with a wingspan of 240–250 mm well suited to its habitat in deep forests. It appears to prefer undisturbed or lightly disturbed rainforest at altitudes of 100–1,600 m. As the primary lowland forests on the Minahasa peninsula has been destroyed, the survival of the species depends on the more inaccessible montane forests. The species is known to inhabit the two large protected regions (Bogani Nani Wartabone and Lore Lindu National Parks) established in central Sulawesi and Minahassa Peninsula. The remaining population is estimated to be 2,500–10,000.[3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Tyto inexspectata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22688441A93197763. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22688441A93197763.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Appendices | CITES". cites.org. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  3. ^ a b Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (2001). Entry of Sulawesi Golden Owl Archived 2007-09-21 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit