Mills Blue Rhythm Band
The Mills Blue Rhythm Band was an American big band of the 1930s.
Mills Blue Rhythm Band
|Also known as||Blue Rhythm Band, Blue Ribbon Band, Blue Rhythm Boys, The Blue Racketeers, Earl Jackson's Musical Champions, Earl Jackson and his Orchestra, Duke Wilson and his Ten Blackberries, King Carter's Royal Orchestra, Mills Music Masters, Harlem Hot Shots, Coconut Grove Orchestra|
|Origin||New York City, U.S.|
|Labels||Brunswick, Columbia, Victor, Oriole, Perfect, Regal, Romeo, Banner, Melotone, Variety|
|Associated acts||Louis Armstrong, Lucky Millinder, Edgar Hayes|
The band was formed in Harlem, New York City, United States, in 1930, with reedman Bingie Madison the first of its many leaders. It started life as the Coconut Grove Orchestra, changing to Mills Blue Rhythm Band when Irving Mills became its manager in 1931. At various times the group was known as the "Blue Rhythm Band", "Blue Ribbon Band", "Blue Rhythm Boys", "The Blue Racketeers", "Earl Jackson's Musical Champions", "Earl Jackson and his Orchestra", "Duke Wilson and his Ten Blackberries", "King Carter's Royal Orchestra", "Mills Music Masters", "Harlem Hot Shots" and uncredited playing behind Louis Armstrong.
The Mills Blue Rhythm Band were based at The Cotton Club in Manhattan. They worked steadily through the 1930s deputizing for the Duke Ellington and Cab Calloway Orchestras; often taking their undesirable engagements. Violinist Carroll Dickerson briefly fronted the band, followed by drummer Willie Lynch in 1931 and then compere Jimmy Ferguson (Baron Lee). Edgar Hayes, Eddie Mallory and Dave Nelson all had temporary stints as band leader, until Lucky Millinder permanently took over the role in 1934.
The band recorded 150 sides for a variety of labels including Brunswick, Columbia, Victor, the ARC stable of labels (including Oriole, Perfect, Regal, Romeo, Banner, Melotone, Domino), Variety, and Vocalion. Despite success with a few hit records (including "Truckin'" and "Ride, Red, Ride") and a strong line-up of talented soloists, the group never attained the prominence of their peers. This is often attributed to the lack of a single identifiable leader, and Irving Mills' preference to have the band perform an understudy role.
Irving Mills revived the Mills Blue Rhythm Band name for two recording sessions in 1947, under the guidance of Van Alexander. The only original band member at either of the 1947 sessions was trumpeter Charlie Shavers.
- Red Allen – trumpet
- Hayes Alvis – double bass
- Ed Anderson – trumpet
- Harold Arnold – tenor saxophone
- Buster Bailey – clarinet
- Billy Banks
- Danny Barker – guitar
- Alfred Cobbs – trombone
- Carroll Dickerson – violin
- Harry "Sweets" Edison – trumpet
- Joe Garland – tenor saxophone, arrangements
- Edgar Hayes – piano
- Shelton Hemphill – trumpet
- J. C. Higginbotham – trombone
- Alex Hill – piano
- Charlie Holmes – alto saxophone
- Benny James – guitar
- Elmer James – bass
- Wardell Jones – trumpet
- Billy Kyle – piano
- Baron Lee (Jimmy Ferguson)
- Lawrence Lucie – guitar
- Willie Lynch – drums
- Bingie Madison – clarinet, tenor saxophone
- Eddie Mallory – trumpet
- Castor McCord – saxophone
- Ted McCord – saxophone
- Gene Mikell – clarinet, alto saxophone
- Lucky Millinder – bandleader
- Frankie Newton – trumpet
- Lester Nichols – drums
- Wilbur de Paris – trombone
- Charlie Shavers – trumpet
- Tab Smith – alto saxophone
- O'Neill Spencer – drums
- Bob Stephens
- Carl Warwick – trumpet
- George Washington – trombone
- Crawford Wethington – clarinet – alto saxophone – baritone saxophone
- Harry White – trombone
- Ben Williams – tenor saxophone
- Eddie Williams – tenor saxophone
- John Williams – double bass
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1992). The Guinness Who's Who of Jazz (First ed.). Guinness Publishing. p. 284. ISBN 0-85112-580-8.
- [dead link]
- Chilton, John. Ride, Red, Ride. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 80. ISBN 0-8264-4744-9.
- "The Mills Blue Rhythm Band AJA5634 : Jazz CD Reviews- 2006 MusicWeb International". Musicweb-international.com. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
- "Anniston, Alabama, Lucky Millinder". Southernmusic.net. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
- Simmen, Johnny (2002). Kernfeld, Barry (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. 2 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries. p. 172. ISBN 1-56159-284-6.
- "Jammin' for the Jackpot: Big Bands and Territory Bands of the '30s" (PDF). Newworldrecords.org. 2002. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
- Gunther Schuller (1991). The Swing Era: The Development of Jazz, 1930–1945. Oxford University Press. pp. 386–. ISBN 978-0-19-507140-5.