Millard Fillmore Caldwell (February 6, 1897 – October 23, 1984) was an American politician. He was the 29th Governor of Florida (1945–1949) and served in all three branches of government at various times in his life, including as a U.S. Representative and Florida Supreme Court justice.
|Administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration|
December 1, 1950 – November 15, 1952
|President||Harry S. Truman|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||James Jeremiah Wadsworth (Acting)|
|Chair of the National Governors Association|
May 26, 1946 – July 13, 1947
|Preceded by||Ed Martin|
|Succeeded by||Horace Hildreth|
|29th Governor of Florida|
January 2, 1945 – January 4, 1949
|Preceded by||Spessard Holland|
|Succeeded by||Fuller Warren|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Florida's 3rd district
March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1941
|Preceded by||Tom Yon|
|Succeeded by||Bob Sikes|
|Member of the Florida House of Representatives|
Millard Fillmore Caldwell
February 6, 1897
Beverly, Tennessee, U.S. (now Knoxville)
|Died||October 23, 1984 (aged 87)|
Tallahassee, Florida, U.S.
University of Mississippi
University of Virginia
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1918–1919|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Caldwell was born in the rural area of Beverly, Tennessee, outside Knoxville. There he attended public schools and attended Carson-Newman College, the University of Mississippi, and the University of Virginia. During World War I, Caldwell enlisted in the U.S. Army on April 3, 1918. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Field Artillery, and was discharged on January 11, 1919.
In 1944, Caldwell was elected governor of Florida. Taking office in 1945, Caldwell's term is noted for his segregationist beliefs, as well as his support for road construction projects and the establishment of the Educational Minimum Foundation Program, which gave education funds to rural counties. One of the more colorful aspects of Caldwell's term came on August 10, 1945, during the surrender of Japan in World War II, when Caldwell issued a proclamation urging bars and other alcohol-selling establishments to close in order to prevent a frenzy of drunken celebration in the streets.
After leaving office in 1949, Caldwell was appointed the administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration by then-President Harry S. Truman in 1950. After leaving this post in 1952, Caldwell served as a justice – and later chief justice – on the State Supreme Court from 1962 to 1969.
- United States Congress. "Millard Caldwell (id: C000038)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Millard Caldwell at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 3rd congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for Governor of Florida
| Governor of Florida
| Chair of the National Governors Association
|New office|| Administrator of the Federal Civil Defense Administration
James Jeremiah Wadsworth