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Armed Forces of Transnistria

  (Redirected from Military of Transnistria)

The Armed Forces of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Russian: Вооружённые силы Приднестровской Молдавской Республики; Vooruzhyonniye Sily Pridnestrovskoy Moldavskoy Respubliki, Romanian: Форцеле армате але Републичий Молдовенешть Нистрене; Forțele armate ale Republicii Moldovenești Nistreene, Ukrainian: Збройні сили Придністровської Молдавської Республіки; Zbroini syly Prydnistrovśkoi Moldavśkoi Respubliky), are the military forces of the semi-recognised state of Transnistria. The Armed Forces were created on 6 September 1991 to protect the sovereignty and independence of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, in accordance with Article 11 of the Republic's Constitution.[2]

Armed Forces of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
Вооружённые силы Приднестровской Молдавской Республики
Forțele armate ale Republicii Moldovenești Nistreene
Збройні сили Придністровської Молдавської Республіки
Emblem of the armed forces of Transnistria.svg
Insignia of the Armed Forces
Founded6 September 1991; 28 years ago (1991-09-06)
Service branches
HeadquartersTiraspol
Leadership
Commander-in-chief Vadim Krasnoselsky
Minister of Defence Major General Oleg Obruchkov
Chief of the General StaffFlag of Transnistria (state).svg Colonel Sergey Gerasyutenko
Manpower
Military age18
Active personnel5,500
Reserve personnel20,000[1]
Industry
Domestic suppliers Transnistria
Foreign suppliers Russia
 Abkhazia
 South Ossetia
Related articles
HistoryTransnistria War

HistoryEdit

On 6 September 1991, the Supreme Soviet of Transnistria adopted a resolution which called for the formation of a Transnistrian military unit. As a result, the Republican Guard (Russian: Республиканская гвардия ПМР) was formed. It was the direct counterpart to the Republic of Moldova's Republican Guard (Romanian: Garda Republicană).[3] Both were the predecessors to their respective countries armed forces. In its first major conflict, the guard repelled troops of the Moldovan National Army against the city Dubasari in December 1991. By the end of 1991, the organizational formation of the Transnistrian armed forces was generally completed. Shortly after the outbreak of Transnistrian War in March 1992, the People’s Militia was created, having been supported and armed by the Russian Armed Forces 14th Guards Army. By the end of 1992, all main structures of the Ministry of Defense and the General Staff were formed, including individual military units, government agencies, and specialized services. On 14 March 1993, personnel of the new armed forces took the military oath of allegiance to the country.[4][5]

OrganizationEdit

LeadershipEdit

 
Minister of Defense Oleg Obruchkov

UnitsEdit

The armed forces are composed of 4,500 to 5,500 active duty soldiers, (with 15,000 - 20,000 personnel in the reserve).[1][6]

Army Headquarters (Tiraspol)Edit

 
The PMR Honour Guard
 
Director of Music of the General Staff Band, Colonel Vitaly Voinov
  • General Staff of the Armed Forces – It is the commanding and managing body of the armed forces. It is tasked with enforcing military strategy which comes from the ministry of defense.
  • PMR Honour Guard – Since its establishment on 6 November 1997, the PMR Honour Guard has taken part in the welcoming of honoured guests and festive and ceremonies. Notable commanders of the unit include Yaroslav Isak, Valentin Rasputin and Artem Chernichenko.[7][8][9]
  • General Staff Band – The band's musicians have at least a year of experience in the musical services of the Russian, Moldovan, and Ukrainian armed forces. Their repertoire includes over 500 works by foreign composers. The band is led by Colonel Vitaly Voinov.[10]
  • Special Forces Battalion
  • Security Battalion
  • Intelligence Company

Regular ArmyEdit

  • 1st Motorised Infantry Brigade (Tiraspol)
  • 2nd Motorised Infantry Brigade (Bender)
  • 3rd Motorised Infantry Brigade (Rîbniţa)
  • 4th Motorised Infantry Brigade (Dubăsari)
  • Tank Battalion
  • Artillery Regiment
  • Anti-aircraft Regiment
  • Peacekeeping Force
  • PMR Border Guard

Additional support is provided by the Operational Group of Russian Forces of the Russian Army, based in the Transnistrian city of Cobasna.

Military educationEdit

 
Cadets of the Military Institute of the Ministry of Defense dressed in historical parade uniforms

EquipmentEdit

Small armsEdit

 
The PMR Honor Guard with AK-74 rifles
Name Origin Type Variant Notes
Makarov PM Soviet Union Semi-automatic pistol
SVD Dragunov Russia Sniper rifle
AK-47 Russia Assault rifle
AKM Russia Assault rifle
PKM Soviet Union General-purpose machine gun
RPG-7 Russia Rocket-propelled grenade
RPG-18 Russia Rocket-propelled grenade
RPG-22 Russia Anti-armor
RPG-26 Russia Anti-armor
RPG-27 Russia Anti-armor

ArmorEdit

 
A BMP-1P armored personnel carrier
Name Origin Type In service Notes
Armored fighting vehicle
T-64BV Soviet Union Main battle tank 18[12]
T-55 Soviet Union Main battle tank
BMP-1 Russia Infantry fighting vehicle
MT-LB Russia APC
GMZ-3 Russia APC
BTR-70 Soviet Union APC
BTR-60 Soviet Union APC Amphibious capable vehicle
BRDM-2 Soviet Union APC Amphibious capable vehicle
Artillery
BM-21 Grad Soviet Union Multiple rocket launcher
D-44 Soviet Union Field gun
ZU-23-2 Soviet Union Anti-aircraft
ZPU-4 Soviet Union Anti-aircraft
KS-19 Soviet Union Anti-aircraft
AZP S-60 Soviet Union Anti-aircraft Self-propelled
9K38 Igla Soviet Union MANPADS

Air ForceEdit

 
Aircraft Roundel
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Transport
Antonov An-2 Ukraine transport 3[13] One has damaged wings and is not airworthy.
Antonov An-26 Ukraine transport 1[14][15] Not airworthy.
Helicopters
Mil Mi-2 Russia utility / transport 4[14][16][17]
Mil Mi-8 Russia utility / transport 6[14][15][17] One is missing rotor-blades and is not airworthy.
Trainer Aircraft
Yakovlev Yak-52 Soviet Union trainer 2[14]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Pridnestrovie.net, Law enforcement and armed forces of Pridnestrovie
  2. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Constitution, 2015-09-17.
  3. ^ http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=306526
  4. ^ https://topwar.ru/57657-vooruzhennye-sily-pridnestrovya-23-goda-so-dnya-osnovaniya.html
  5. ^ https://inforesist.org/den-vooruzhennyih-sil-nepriznannoy-pmr/amp/
  6. ^ km.ru, Приднестровье показало мускулы, 2007-09-07 (in Russian)
  7. ^ http://mopmr.gospmr.org/index.php/1731-rote-pochetnogo-karaula-19-let
  8. ^ https://novostipmr.com/ru/news/17-11-06/rote-pochetnogo-karaula-pmr-20-let
  9. ^ http://www.mopmr.idknet.com/index.php/2588-rota-pochetnogo-karaula-otmetila-20-letie
  10. ^ "Оркестр ГШ ВС ПМР". dvorec-pmr.info. Retrieved 2017-12-22.
  11. ^ "Выпускники Военного института Министерства обороны ПМР получили дипломы". vestipmr.info. 2015-07-15. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  12. ^ "Law enforcement and armed forces of Pridnestrovie | Pridnestrovie.net - Tiraspol, PMR: Pridnestrovskaia Moldavskaia Respublica (Transnistria)". 2009-11-04. Archived from the original on 2009-11-04. Retrieved 2019-06-23.
  13. ^ "Tiraspol Airport Area 1". Retrieved 2019-06-24.
  14. ^ a b c d "Transnistrian military aviation OrBat". Archived from the original on 2017-10-17. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
  15. ^ a b "Photos of Transnistrian military aircraft". 2013-01-10. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
  16. ^ "Tiraspol Airport Area 1". Retrieved 2019-06-24.
  17. ^ a b "Photos of Transnistrian military aircraft". 2013-01-10. Retrieved 2013-01-10.

External linksEdit