Military Administration of Luxembourg

The Military Administration of Luxembourg was a German military administration in German-occupied Luxembourg that existed from 11 May 1940 to 29 July 1940, when the military administration was replaced with the Civil Administration Area of Luxembourg.

Military Administration of Luxembourg
Militäresch Administration vun Lëtzebuerg
Militärverwaltung Luxemburg
Administration militaire du Luxembourg
1940–1940
Flag of Lëtzebuerg Luxembourg
Flag
Coat of arms of Lëtzebuerg Luxembourg
Coat of arms
StatusTerritory under German military administration
CapitalLuxembourg City
Common languagesGerman
Luxembourgish
French
GovernmentMilitary administration
Historical eraWorld War II
• Established
11 May 1940
• Disestablished
29 July 1940
Population
• 1940
290,000
CurrencyLuxembourgish franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Luxembourg
Civil Administration Area of Luxembourg
Today part ofLuxembourg

HistoryEdit

Early on 10 May 1940, the German diplomat Von Radowitz handed the general secretary of the Luxembourgish government a memorandum from the German government, stating that Germany had no intention of changing the territorial integrity or political independence of the Grand Duchy. The following day, a military administration for Luxembourg was set up. Luxembourgish interests were represented by a governmental commission under Albert Wehrer, which consisted of senior civil servants and had been legitimated by the Chamber of Deputies. There was a good relationship between this commission and the military authorities, as Colonel Schumacher showed a broad-minded attitude towards the country's problems and a willingness to solve these in consultation with the government commission.[1]

On 13 July 1940, the Volksdeutsche Bewegung (VdB) was founded in Luxembourg City under the leadership of Damian Kratzenberg, a German teacher at the Athénée de Luxembourg.[2] Its main goal was to push the population towards a German-friendly position by means of propaganda, and it was this organisation that used the phrase Heim ins Reich.

Several Deputies and high-ranking civil servants were of the opinion that Luxembourg could retain a measure of autonomy under the military administration, as had occurred in World War I, and attempts were made to come to some sort of arrangement with Germany. However, it was soon made clear by the authorities in Berlin that Luxembourg's fate would be very different this time. The Nazis considered the Luxembourgish people as just another Germanic ethnic group and the Grand Duchy a German territory. The military authorities had to leave Luxembourg by 31 July 1940, to be replaced by a civil administration under Gustav Simon.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dostert, Paul. "Luxemburg unter deutscher Besatzung 1940-45: Die Bevölkerung eines kleinen Landes zwischen Kollaboration und Widerstand". Zug der Erinnerung (in German).
  2. ^ "Heim ins Reich: La 2e guerre mondiale au Luxembourg - quelques points de repère". Centre national de l'audiovisuel. Archived from the original on 2007-06-10.