- For Professor Miles Warren, a supporting character of Spider-Man, see Jackal (Marvel Comics).
Sir Frederick Miles Warren, ONZ, KBE, FNZIA (born 1929), is a New Zealand architect. He apprenticed under Cecil Wood before studying architecture at the University of Auckland, eventually working at the London County Council where he was exposed to British New Brutalism. Upon returning to Christchurch, and forming the practice Warren and Mahoney, he was instrumental in developing the "Christchurch School" of architecture, an intersection between the truth-to-materials and structural expression that characterised Brutalism, and the low-key, Scandinavian and Japanese commitment to "straightforwardness". He retired from Warren and Mahoney in 1994, but continues to consult as an architect and maintain his historic home and garden at Ohinetahi.
Sir Miles Warren
Sir Miles Warren in 2011
|Born||1929 (age 89–90)|
|Alma mater||University of Auckland|
|Awards||NZIA Gold Medal 1959, 1964, 1969, 1973|
|Practice||Warren and Mahoney|
|Buildings||Christchurch Town Hall, Dorset St Flats, Harewood Crematorium, College House|
Warren was educated at Christ's College. He commenced his architectural training as an apprentice to Cecil Wood and studied architecture via correspondence at the Christchurch Atelier. Warren later moved to Auckland to complete his studies at the University of Auckland.
Warren’s first major building was the Dorset Street Flats (designed in 1956) that were derided as prison-like due to their small scale and exposed concrete. This domestic vocabulary was quickly adapted to various building types – the Dental Nurses School (1958), the Architect's own office and home (1962), Harewood Crematorium (1963), Christchurch College (now known as College House) (1964) and the Christchurch Town Hall (1972). In between these larger projects, Warren & Mahoney designed a group of beautifully detailed houses, mostly in the language of contemporary Danish models. These houses were composed of crisp boxes of white-painted concrete block, with punched, recessed window openings and no eaves or verges on their steeply gabled roofs.
Awards and recognitionEdit
Warren & Mahoney won the New Zealand Institute of Architects (NZIA) Gold Medal in 1959, 1964, 1969 & 1973. In 1966 they won the American Institute of Architects’ Pan Pacific Citation, an award also given to such luminaries as Kenzo Tange and Harry Seidler. Miles Warren was awarded the NZIA Gold Medal as an individual in 2000. Warren and Peter Beaven are the only two Christchurch architects who have been awarded the New Zealand Institute of Architects gold medal.
In the 1974 New Year Honours, Warren was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire, advanced to Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1985 New Year Honours, and appointed to the Order of New Zealand in the 1995 Queen's Birthday Honours. In 2001 he received an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Auckland, and in 2003 he received an Icon Award from the Arts Foundation of New Zealand. In March 2009, Warren was commemorated as one of the Twelve Local Heroes, and a bronze bust of him was unveiled outside the Christchurch Arts Centre.
Critics of his work and its impact on the Victorian architectural heritage of Christchurch include Duncan Fallowell, who has written: "his buildings can't manage the simplest attributes of good design or benevolence".
In addition to his passion for architecture Warren is also well known as a keen and talented gardener. The garden at 65 Cambridge Terrace (Pictured above) was admired for its simplicity. In 1977, with Pauline and John Trengrove, Warren began work on the garden at Ohinetahi. This garden includes a formal rose garden, a walled "red and green" garden and a woodland garden. Warren also designed a display garden for the 2009 Ellerslie Flower Show. In 2012 Warren gifted his house and garden to the people of New Zealand via the Ohinetahi Charitable Trust.
Miles Warren: An Autobiography was published by Canterbury University Press in November 2008
List of designsEdit
- Dorset St Flats (1956–57)
- GN Grigg House (1957)
- Dental Nurses Training School (1958–1959)
- RH Ballantyne House (1959)
- JJ Connor Flats (1960)
- Carlton Mill Rd Flats (1960)
- MB Warren House (1961)
- BA Broderick Townhouses (1962)
- Architect's Office & Flat (1962–1979)
- Harewood Memorial Gardens & Crematorium (1962–1963)
- Christchurch Wool Exchange (1962–1964)
- Christchurch College, University of Canterbury (1964–1970)
- RC Webb Flats (1965)
- I Munro House (1968)
- HR Irving House (1968)
- JH Elworthy House (1969)
- Christchurch Town Hall (1966–1972)
- NZ Chancery, Washington, DC (1975–1981)
- D Forbes House (1976)
- Canterbury Public Library, Christchurch (1982)
- The Oaks Complex, Wellington (1982)
- Michael Fowler Centre, Wellington (1983)
- Rotorua Civic Offices (1985–1986)
- Clarendon Tower (1986–1987)
- AXA New Zealand Wellington office (1987–1989)
- Compudigm House, Wellington (1989)
- TVNZ Centre, Auckland (1990)
- "Sir Miles Warren". Christchurch: Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "History". The Warren Architects Education Charitable Trust. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- Beaven, Peter (6 September 2011). "New city plan is... the old city plan". The Press. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- London Gazette (supplement), No. 46163, 28 December 1973. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- London Gazette (supplement), No. 49970, 28 December 1984. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- Queen's Birthday Honours List 1995 Archived 14 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "Sir Miles Warren". The Arts Foundation. Archived from the original on 10 February 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
- Exhibition at the Christchurch Art Gallery Archived 22 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine; accessed 12 January 2010
- "Artsville". TVNZ 7. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
- Fallowell, Duncan: Going As Far As I Can, Profile Books, London 2008, p164
- "Ohinetahi". gardenstovisit.co.nz. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
- "Historic Ohinetahi gifted to the public". The Press. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
- Miles Warren Autobiography Published
- "Warren and Mahoney". Christchurch City Libraries. Retrieved 18 June 2011.