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Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland

Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland KB (24 January 1602 – 12 February 1666), styled Lord le Despenser between 1624 and 1628,[1] was an English nobleman, politician, and writer.[2]


The Earl of Westmorland

2ndEarlOfWestmorland.jpg
Member of Parliament for Peterborough
In office
1621–1624
Serving with Walter FitzWilliam
MonarchJames I
Preceded byEdward Wymarke
Sir William Walter
Succeeded bySir Francis Fane
Laurence Whitaker
In office
1626–1629
Serving with Laurence Whitaker
MonarchCharles I
Preceded byLaurence Whitaker
Sir Christopher Hatton
Succeeded byNone (parliament suspended until 1640)
Member of Parliament for Kent
In office
1625–1625
Serving with Sir Albert Moreton
MonarchCharles I
Preceded bySir Nicholas Tufton
Sir Edwin Sandys
Succeeded bySir Edward Hales
Sir Edward Scot
Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire
In office
1660–1666
Serving with The Earl of Exeter
MonarchCharles II
Preceded byNone (English Interregnum)
Succeeded byThe Earl of Exeter
The Earl of Peterborough
Personal details
Born
Mildmay Fane

(1602-01-24)24 January 1602
Mereworth, Kent, England
Died12 February 1666(1666-02-12) (aged 64)
NationalityEnglish
Spouse(s)Grace Thornhurst (1620–36)
Mary Vere (1638–66)
ChildrenWith Grace Thornhurst
Charles Fane, 3rd Earl of Westmorland
With Mary Vere
Lady Mary Fane
Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland
Rachael Fane
Catherine Fane
Susan Fane
Elizabeth Fane
ParentsFrancis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland
Mary Mildmay
Alma materEmmanuel College, Cambridge
OccupationPolitician, writer
AwardsKnight of the Bath

Contents

LifeEdit

One of seven sons of Francis Fane by his wife Mary Mildmay, granddaughter of Sir Walter Mildmay, Mildmay Fane was born in Kent and educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge (matriculated 1618).[3] He became MP for Peterborough in 1620 and for Kent in 1625. He succeeded his father as Earl of Westmorland and Lord le Despenser on 23 March 1629 [all dates new style].

A friend of Robert Herrick, he supported the Royalist party at the outbreak of the English Civil War (King Charles I had stood as godfather to Fane's eldest son in 1635). Following a brief period of imprisonment by Parliament, however, he retired to his estate at Apethorpe in Northamptonshire.

WritingEdit

 
A portrait in oils of Mildmay Fane, wearing the sash of the Order of the Bath.

One hundred and thirty seven poems by Fane appeared in his self-published collection Otia Sacra in 1648—the first time a peer of England published his own verse. It was only at the end of the twentieth century that a larger body of Fane's verse was identified: some 500 poems by Fane, composed between 1621 and 1665, were published in 2001.[4] The poems survived in manuscript collections preserved at Fulbeck Hall in Lincolnshire, Houghton Library at Harvard University, and the Westmorland papers preserved at the Northamptonshire Record Office.

Fane also wrote masques and stage plays; six of these "politicized entertainments" were performed at Apethorpe during the decade of the 1640s by Fane's children and servants. For his 1641 masque Candia Restaurata, Fane designed sets and stage effects and composed some of the music used in the production. Virtue's Triumph features personifications of Ambition and Impudence, Lies and Deceits; Nobility and Learning are married and the parents of Truth. The protagonist of De Pugna Animi is Lord Mens (Mind), who is assisted by figures like Sir Ratio Prudens in resisting a revolt of the five senses.[5] Fane wrote his play The Change during his imprisonment in the Tower of London early in the Civil War. One of his plays, titled Ladrones, was known in manuscript in the 19th century and reportedly featured Sir Francis Drake, Thomas Cavendish, and Ferdinand Magellan as characters; but the MS. has been lost.[6] Fane's total extant literary output includes over 900 poems in English and Latin, and eight plays or entertainments.

FamilyEdit

Fane married twice: firstly, in 1620, to Grace Thornhurst, daughter of Sir William Thornhurst of Kent, with whom he had a son and five daughters; and secondly to Mary, daughter of Horace Lord Vere of Tillsbury, who bore him a son and four daughters, one of whom was Lady Mary Fane who married firstly Francis Palmes of Ashwell, Rutland, granddaughter of Sir Guy Palmes, and was widowed with no children. She married secondly John Cecil, 4th Earl of Exeter (1628–1678), a widower, on 24 January 1670. Mildmay's first son Charles, and his second son Vere, both succeeded to their father's title in turn (since Charles Fane, 3rd Earl left no descendants).

Mildmay Fane's younger brother Sir Francis Fane married Elizabeth West, daughter of William West of Firbeck Hall, Yorkshire, and widow of John, Lord Darcy of the North. Sir Francis Fane achieved some distinction as a writer, publishing poetry as well as three dramatic plays. He was made Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of Charles I, and served as governor of Doncaster Castle during the English civil war. Rachael Fane (1613–1680), one of Mildmay Fane's seven sisters and a resident of Apethorpe, also wrote entertainments and a masque that were performed by the household. Her works survive in manuscript.[7] Another younger brother was the Royalist and MP Colonel the Hon. George Fane.

Plays and masquesEdit

  • Raguaillo d'Oceano (1640)
  • Candia Restaurata ("Candy Restored," 1641)
  • Time's Trick Upon the Cards (1642)
  • The Change (1642)
  • Virtue's Triumph (1644)
  • Don Phoebo's Triumph (1645)
  • De Pugna Animi (1650)
  • Ladrones, or the Robbers' Island (lost)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, Vol. III (107th ed.). Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. p. 4134.
  2. ^ Gerald W. Morton, A Biography of Mildmay Fane, Second Earl of Westmorland 1601–66: The Unknown Cavalier, Lewiston/Queenston/Lampeter, Edwin Mellen, 1991.
  3. ^ "Fane, Mildmay (FN618M)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. ^ Tom Cain, ed., The Poems of Mildmay Fane, Second Earl of Westmorland: from the Fulbeck, Harvard, and Westmorland Manuscripts, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2001.
  5. ^ Dale B. J. Randall, Winter Fruit: English Drama 1642–1660. Lexington, KY, University Press of Kentucky, 1995; pp. 286-8.
  6. ^ Cain, p. 27.
  7. ^ Caroline Bowden, "The Notebooks of Rachael Fane: Education or Authorship?," in: Early Modern Women's Manuscript Writing, edited by Victoria E. Burke and Jonathan Gibson; London, Ashgate, 2004; pp. 157-80.

External linksEdit