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Mikio Mizuta (水田 三喜男, Mizuta Mikio, 13 April 1905 – 22 December 1976) was a Japanese jurist, educator and politician. He served as finance minister of Japan three times and was the founder of Josai University.

Mikio Mizuta
水田三喜男
Mikio Mizuta.jpg
Minister of Finance
In office
5 July 1971 – 7 July 1972
Prime MinisterEisaku Satō
Preceded byTakeo Fukuda
Succeeded byKoshiro Ueki
In office
3 December 1966 – 30 November 1968
Prime MinisterEisaku Satō
Preceded byTakeo Fukuda
Succeeded byTakeo Fukuda
In office
19 July 1960 – 18 July 1962
Prime MinisterHayato Ikeda
Preceded byEisaku Satō
Succeeded byKakuei Tanaka
Minister of International Trade and Industry
In office
23 December 1956 – 10 July 1957
Prime MinisterTanzan Ishibashi
Nobusuke Kishi
Preceded byTanzan Ishibashi (acting)
Succeeded byShigesaburo Maeo
Personal details
Born(1905-04-13)April 13, 1905
Kamogawa, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
DiedDecember 22, 1976(1976-12-22) (aged 71)
Tokyo, Japan
Alma materKyoto University

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Mizuta was born in 1905 in Kamogawa, Chiba Prefecture.[1][2] He held a law degree from Kyoto Imperial University.[2]

CareerEdit

Mizuta was elected to the House of Representatives in 1946 after World War II.[2] He was a member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).[3] He was the minister of trade and industry from 23 December 1956 to 10 July 1957.[4]

He served as the minister of finance for three terms.[5][6] He was first appointed to the post on 19 July 1960 and was in office until 18 July 1962.[5] During this period Japan suffered a financial crisis running a deficit of $700m in July 1961. It fell on Mizuta to successfully negotiate short term loans with three American banks. Despite his nerves he chain-smoked his way to a successful outcome using Japan's underlying financial strength as security.[7]

Mizuta was the chair of the LDP policy research committee from July 1966 to December 1966 when he was again appointed finance minister.[5][8] His second ministerial term lasted until 30 November 1968.[5] From 12 January 1970 to 5 July 1971 he was again the chair of the LDP policy research committee.[8] His third term as finance minister was between 5 July 1971 and 7 July 1972.[5] From 25 November 1973 to 11 November 1974 Mizuta served again as the chair of the LDP policy research committee.[8] Mizuta also as Special Envoy to attend Spanish Generalissmo Francisco Franco's Funeral.

He founded Josai University in 1965.[9] He was the chancellor and president of it and the house member until his death on 22 December 1976.[3][9]

LegacyEdit

The house where Mizuta was born in Kamogawa is a nationally registered asset and a public museum run by Josai University.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "House of Mikio Mizuta (Nationally Registered Cultural Assets)". City of Kamogawa. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c The Founder: Mikio Mizuta Josai University. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  3. ^ a b Karl Dixon (Summer 1977). "The 1976 General Election in Japan". Pacific Affairs. 50 (2): 208–230. doi:10.2307/2756299. JSTOR 2756299.
  4. ^ Chalmers Johnson (1982). Miti and the Japanese Miracle: The Growth of Industrial Policy, 1925–1975. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 330. Retrieved 13 December 2013. – via Questia (subscription required)
  5. ^ a b c d e Finance Ministers of Japan Rulers. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  6. ^ John Creighton Campbell (1980). Contemporary Japanese Budget Politics. University of California Press. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-520-04087-8. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  7. ^ J. Robert Brown (1999). The Ministry of Finance : bureaucratic practices and the transformation of the Japanese economy ([Online-Ausg.] ed.). Westport, CT: Quorum. p. 58. ISBN 978-1567202304.
  8. ^ a b c Toshihiro Nakamura (December 2002). "A Declining Technocratic Regime" (Democracy, Governance and Human Rights Programme Paper Number 9). United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  9. ^ a b "A special event to remember our founder Mikio Mizuta". Josai University. 21 December 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
House of Representatives of Japan
New title Chair, Committee on Economic Stabilization of the House of Representatives
1948
Succeeded by
Chūbē Onose
Party political offices
Preceded by
Office established
Chairman of the Policy Research Council, Liberal Democratic Party
1955–1956
Succeeded by
Toichirō Tsukada
Preceded by
Munenori Akagi
Chairman of the Policy Research Council, Liberal Democratic Party
1966
Succeeded by
Naomi Nishimura
Preceded by
Nemoto Ryūtarō
Chairman of the Policy Research Council, Liberal Democratic Party
1970–1971
Succeeded by
Zentaro Kosaka
Preceded by
Tadao Kuraishi
Chairman of the Policy Research Council, Liberal Democratic Party
1973–1974
Succeeded by
Sadanori Yamanaka
Political offices
Preceded by
Tanzan Ishibashi
Acting
Minister of International Trade and Industry
1956–1957
Succeeded by
Shigesaburo Maeo
Preceded by
Eisaku Satō
Minister of Finance
1960–1962
Succeeded by
Kakuei Tanaka
Preceded by
Takeo Fukuda
Minister of Finance
1966–1968
Succeeded by
Takeo Fukuda
Minister of Finance
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Koshiro Ueki