Mikhail Nikolaevich Gernet

Mikhail Nikolaevich Gernet (1874–1953) was a Soviet criminologist and legal historian who is considered the founder of sociological criminology in Russia.

Mikhail Nikolaevich Gernet
Born(1874-07-12)July 12, 1874
DiedJanuary 16, 1953(1953-01-16) (aged 78)
EducationDoctor of Science (1939)
Alma materImperial Moscow University (1897)
OccupationРrofessor of law
Imperial Moscow University
Moscow State University

Gernet taught law at Moscow State University from 1897 on, where he notably opposed the death penalty and introduced the concept of resocialization into Russian criminal law scholarship. In 1911, he took up a post at the Psychoneurological Institute in Moscow. After the Russian Revolution and until his death, he taught at Moscow University again, where he contributed to the Stalinist legal codifications of the 1930s and developed a class-specific theory of law and crime, which influenced Mikhail Reisner among others.


  • Baberowski, Jörg (2001). "Gernet, Michajl Nikolaevič". In Michael Stolleis (ed.). Juristen: ein biographisches Lexikon; von der Antike bis zum 20. Jahrhundert (in German) (2nd ed.). München: Beck. p. 238. ISBN 3-406-45957-9.
  • Imperial Moscow University: 1755-1917: encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow: Russian political encyclopedia (ROSSPEN). A. Andreev, D. Tsygankov. 2010. pp. 151–152. ISBN 978-5-8243-1429-8.