Mikhail Mishustin's Cabinet

The Mikhail Mishustin Cabinet (Russian: Правительство Мишустина) is the federal government of Russia, formed in 2020, led by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin. It succeeded the previous one led by Dmitry Medvedev.

Cabinet of Mikhail Mishustin
Flag of Russia.svg
56th Cabinet of Russia
Incumbent
Mikhail Mishustin's Cabinet (2020-01-21).jpg
Meeting of the Cabinet on 21 January 2020
Date formed21 January 2020
People and organisations
Head of stateVladimir Putin
Head of governmentMikhail Mishustin
Andrey Belousov (acting)
Member partyUnited Russia
Independent
Status in legislatureMajority
with support from LDPR, A Just Russia and Rodina
Opposition partiesCommunist Party
Opposition leadersGennady Zyuganov
History
Legislature term(s)7th State Duma
PredecessorMedvedev II

The Cabinet was formed between 16 and 21 January 2020 and is the last one following the constitutional reform of 2020 which has significantly changed the order of government formation.

On 30 April 2020 Mishustin tested positive for COVID-19. Mishustin confirmed his test results in a video conference with President Vladimir Putin, and nominated his deputy to take over for him as acting Prime Minister. Putin signed a decree appointing Andrey Belousov to the role on an acting basis, following Mishustin's recommendation.[1] In May, three more ministers also tested positive for coronavirus and were temporarily replaced by their deputies.

FormationEdit

 
Mishustin with President Vladimir Putin on January 15, 2020

The government began to form after the resignation of Dmitry Medvedev's cabinet on 15 January 2020.[2] Medvedev resigned after President Vladimir Putin, during his Address to the Federal Assembly, proposed amendments to the Constitution that would change the balance of power. On the same day, Putin offered Mishustin the post of Prime Minister. After Mishustin's consent, Putin nominated him for approval to the State Duma.[3] According to Putin, he was offered four candidates, but Mishustin was not among them. As a result, Putin independently decided to nominate Mishustin for the Prime Minister.[4]

On 16 January 2020, after a meeting with Mishustin, United Russia decided to support him. Since United Russia has more than half of the seats in the State Duma, this means that Mishustin would become Prime Minister, even if all other parties voted against it.[5] The Liberal Democratic Party and A Just Russia also expressed support for Mishustin.[6][7]

The Communist Party, after meeting with Mishustin, said that it would abstain from voting.[8] Gennady Zyuganov explained this by saying that the composition and program of the new Cabinet is unknown. However, since President Putin fulfilled the requirements of the Communist party, namely, dismissed the Medvedev government and proposed to expand the powers of the Parliament, the Communist party will not vote against the appointment of Mishustin.[9]

State Duma confirmationEdit

 
Mishustin at his confirmation hearing on January 16, 2020

On 16 January, Mikhail Mishustin was confirmed by the State Duma as Prime Minister. This was the first time ever that a PM was confirmed without any votes against.[10]

Faction Members Yes No Abstained Did not vote Vacant
United Russia 341 326 0 0 15
Communist Party 43 0 0 41 2
Liberal Democratic Party 40 39 0 0 1
A Just Russia 23 17 0 0 6
Rodina 1 1 0 0 0
Civic Platform 1 0 0 0 1
All factions 449 383 0 41 25 1
Source

Structure and compositionEdit

During a meeting with the Communist Party, Mishustin announced drastic changes in the structure and personal composition of the government.[11]

Mikhail Mishustin, during the formation of the cabinet, held consultations with parliamentary parties. According to State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin, from members of the previous cabinet, all factions expressed support for the power and international blocs, three Deputy Prime Ministers: Tatyana Golikova, Dmitry Kozak and Alexey Gordeyev, as well as Agriculture Minister Dmitry Patrushev.[12]

According to Volodin, the MPs spoke critically about four Ministers from previous cabinet: the Education Minister Olga Vasilieva, the Culture Minister Vladimir Medinsky, the Health Minister Veronika Skvortsova and the Labour and Social Affairs Minister Maxim Topilin.[13][14] The Liberal Democratic Party also criticized Yury Trutnev, the Deputy Prime Minister and Presidential Envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District. However, other MPs on the contrary spoke positively about Trutnev.

On 21 January, Mikhail Mishustin presented to President Vladimir Putin a draft structure of the Cabinet. On the same day, the President signed a decree on the structure of the Cabinet and appointed the proposed Ministers. According to the decree, the Prime Minister will have 9 deputies, and the Ministry for North Caucasus Affairs will be abolished.[15][16][17]

On 28 January 2020, Mikhail Mishustin approved the distribution of responsibilities among Deputy Prime Ministers.[18]

On 26 March 2020, Mishustin proposed to restore the Government's Presidium, a body in the structure of the Cabinet formed to solve operational issues. Previously, such a body existed in the first Government of Medvedev, but in the second Government of Medvedev there was no Presidium.[19] On 29 March, the Presidium was formed.[20]

Subsequent changesEdit

Reshuffle due to COVID-19Edit

Reshuffle in the Cabinet caused by the detection of disease in government members. It is assumed that all changes temporary and infected members of the government will return to the exercise of their powers after recovery.

  • On 30 April 2020, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin tested positive for COVID-19 and was hospitalised, Andrey Belousov was appointed the Acting Prime Minister. On 19 May, Mishustin returned to the exercise of his powers.[21]
  • On 1 May 2020, Construction Minister Vladimir Yakushev tested positive for COVID-19 and was hospitalised, Nikita Stasishin was appointed the Acting Minister.[22] On 26 May Yakushev recovered and returned to the exercise of his powers.[23]
  • On 6 May 2020, Culture Minister Olga Lyubimova tested positive for COVID-19, Sergey Obryvalin was appointed the Acting Minister.[24] Since the disease was mild, on 14 May Lyubimova recovered and returned to the exercise of her powers.[25]

November 2020 reshuffleEdit

In November 2020, there was a reshuffle in the government. In particular, three Ministers left the government, and two others changed their portfolios. In addition, a new position of Deputy Prime Minister was created. Since the reshuffle took place after the adoption of amendments to the Constitution and the new law on government, all appointments must be approved by the State Duma.

  • Yevgeny Dietrich, Minister of Transport, left government. Vitaly Savelyev has been nominated as a new Minister.[26] He was approved on 10 November with 274 votes in favor.[27]
  • Dmitry Kobylkin, Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology, left government. Alexander Kozlov has been nominated as a new Minister.[26] He was approved on 10 November with 273 votes in favor.[27]
  • Alexander Kozlov, Minister for Development of the Russian Far East and Arctic, nominated as new Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology. Aleksey Chekunkov has been nominated as a new Minister.[26] He was approved on 10 November with 324 votes in favor.[27]
  • Vladimir Yakushev, Minister for Construction and Housing, left government. Irek Faizullin has been nominated as a new Minister.[26] He was approved on 10 November with 328 votes in favor.[27]
  • Alexander Novak, Minister of Energy, nominated as new Deputy Prime Minister. Nikolay Shulginov has been nominated as a new Minister.[26] He was approved on 10 November with 329 votes in favor.[27]
  • Alexander Novak approved as new Deputy Prime Minister on 10 November with 327 votes in favor.[27]

Yevgeny Zinichev deathEdit

On 8 September 2021, the Minister of Emergency Situations Yevgeny Zinichev died. His first deputy Aleksandr Chupriyan became the acting minister. Since the Minister of Emergency Situations is one of the five presidential ministers, a new minister should be appointed by the President of Russia after consultations with the Federation Council.[28]

Speculative candidatesEdit

Below is a list of persons whom a number of media outlets, citing sources in the government, called possible candidates for the post of minister.

CompositionEdit

Cabinet's Presidium
OfficeNameTerm
Prime MinisterMikhail Mishustin2020–
First Deputy Prime MinisterAndrey Belousov2020–
Deputy Prime MinistersViktoria Abramchenko2020–
Marat Khusnullin2020–
Alexey Overchuk2020–
Yury Borisov2020–
Tatyana Golikova2020–
Dmitry Chernyshenko2020–
Deputy Prime Minister —
Chief of Staff of the Government
Dmitry Grigorenko2020–
Deputy Prime Minister —
Presidential Envoy to
the Far Eastern Federal District
Yury Trutnev2020–
Minister of Emergency SituationsYevgeny Zinichev2020–2021
Minister of Internal AffairsVladimir Kolokoltsev2020–
Minister of Labour and Social ProtectionAnton Kotyakov2020–
Minister of Foreign AffairsSergey Lavrov2020–
Minister of Industry and TradeDenis Manturov2020–
Minister of HealthMikhail Murashko2020–
Minister of Economic DevelopmentMaxim Reshetnikov2020–
Minister of FinanceAnton Siluanov2020–
Minister of JusticeKonstantin Chuychenko2020–
Minister of DefenceSergey Shoygu2020–
Post Image Name Party Took office Left office
 
Prime Minister
  Mikhail Mishustin Independent 16 January 2020 Incumbent
(temporarily step down due to illness
from 30 April to 19 May 2020)
  Andrey Belousov
(acting)
Independent 30 April 2020 19 May 2020
Deputy Prime Ministers
First Deputy Prime Minister
for Finance, Economy and National Projects
  Andrey Belousov Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Agro-Industrial Complex,
Natural Resources and Ecology
  Viktoria Abramchenko United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister
Chief of Staff of the Government
  Dmitry Grigorenko Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Construction and Regional Development
  Marat Khusnullin Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Defense and Space Industry
  Yury Borisov Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Eurasian Integration, cooperation with
the CIS, BRICS, G20 and International Events
  Alexey Overchuk Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Fuel–Energy Complex
  Alexander Novak United Russia 10 November 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister
Presidential Envoy to the
Far Eastern Federal District
  Yury Trutnev United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Social Policy
  Tatyana Golikova United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Prime Minister
for Tourism, Sport,
Culture and Communications
  Dmitry Chernyshenko Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
Federal Ministers
 
Minister of Agriculture
  Dmitry Patrushev Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Digital Development,
Communications and Mass Media
  Maxut Shadayev Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister for Construction and Housing
  Vladimir Yakushev United Russia 21 January 2020 9 November 2020
(temporarily step down due to illness
from 1 to 26 May 2020)
Nikita Stasishin
(acting)
Independent 1 May 2020 26 May 2020
  Irek Faizullin Independent 9 November 2020 10 November 2020
10 November 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Culture
  Olga Lyubimova Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
(temporarily step down due to illness
from 6 to 14 May 2020)
Sergey Obryvalin
(acting)
Independent 6 May 2020 14 May 2020
 
Minister of Defence
  Sergey Shoygu United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister for Development
of the Russian Far East and Arctic
  Alexander Kozlov United Russia 21 January 2020 10 November 2020
  Aleksey Chekunkov Independent 10 November 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Economic Development
  Maxim Reshetnikov United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Education
  Sergey Kravtsov Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Emergency Situations
  Yevgeny Zinichev Independent 21 January 2020 8 September 2021
  Aleksandr Chupriyan
(acting)
Independent 8 September 2021 Incumbent
 
Minister of Energy
  Alexander Novak United Russia 21 January 2020 10 November 2020
  Nikolay Shulginov Independent 10 November 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Finance
  Anton Siluanov United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Foreign Affairs
  Sergey Lavrov United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Health
  Mikhail Murashko Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Industry and Trade
  Denis Manturov United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Internal Affairs
  Vladimir Kolokoltsev Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Justice
  Konstantin Chuychenko United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Labour and Social Protection
  Anton Kotyakov Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology
  Dmitry Kobylkin United Russia 21 January 2020 9 November 2020
Svetlana Radchenko
(acting)
Independent 9 November 2020 10 November 2020
  Alexander Kozlov United Russia 10 November 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Science and Higher Education
  Valery Falkov United Russia 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Sport
  Oleg Matytsin Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent
 
Minister of Transport
  Yevgeny Dietrich United Russia 21 January 2020 9 November 2020
  Alexander Neradko
(acting)
Independent 9 November 2020 10 November 2020
  Vitaly Savelyev United Russia 10 November 2020 Incumbent

Approval ratingsEdit

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
Approve Disapprove No opinion Net
Levada Centre 25–30 Sep 2020 1,605 51% 47% 2% 4%
Levada Centre 20–26 Aug 2020 1,601 50% 48% 2% 2%
WCIOM 15–21 Jun 2020 11,200 37.0% 26.9% 36.1% 10.1%
WCIOM 11–14 Jun 2020 11,200 36.6% 26.1% 37.3% 10.5%
WCIOM 1–7 Jun 2020 11,200 35.9% 27.9% 36.2% 8.0%
WCIOM 25–31 May 2020 11,200 36.2% 28.2% 35.6% 8.0%
WCIOM 18–25 May 2020 11,200 37.7% 27.2% 35.1% 10.5%
WCIOM 11–17 May 2020 11,200 36.5% 27.3% 36.2% 9.2%
WCIOM 4–10 May 2020 11,200 36.0% 26.6% 38.4% 10.4%
WCIOM 27 Apr–3 May 2020 11,200 38.4% 25.5% 36.1% 12.9%
WCIOM 20–26 Apr 2020 11,200 37.7% 25.0% 37.3% 12.7%
WCIOM 13–19 Apr 2020 11,200 38.9% 23.2% 37.9% 15.7%
Levada Centre 19–25 Mar 2020 1,624 48% 48% 4% 0%
Levada Centre 20–26 Feb 2020 1,614 50% 46% 4% 4%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Russian Prime Minister tests positive for Covid-19". CNN. 30 April 2020. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ (The Independent) (BBC)
  3. ^ "Путин предложил главе ФНС Михаилу Мишустину пост премьера". РИА Новости (in Russian). 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Putin says Mishustin was not among original picks for PM". Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  5. ^ ""Единая Россия" поддержала кандидатуру Мишустина на должность премьер-министра". МК.RU (in Russian). Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Большинство депутатов от ЛДПР решили поддержать кандидатуру Мишустина". РИА Новости (in Russian). Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  7. ^ ""Справедливая Россия" поддержала кандидатуру Мишустина". РИА Новости (in Russian). Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  8. ^ "КПРФ воздержится при голосовании Госдумы за кандидатуру Мишустина на пост премьера". ТАСС (in Russian). Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Зюганов объяснил отказ КПРФ поддержать кандидатуру Мишустина". Взгляд (in Russian). Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  10. ^ Госдума одобрила Мишустина на пост премьера
  11. ^ "Мишустин пообещал кардинальные изменения в правительстве". РИА Новости (in Russian). Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  12. ^ "Лидеры и аутсайдеры правительства: Володин рассказал о консультациях". ИА REGNUM (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  13. ^ "Володин рассказал о претензиях депутатов Госдумы к четырем министерствам". ИА REGNUM (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  14. ^ "Готовится замена социального блока правительства РФ". ИА REGNUM (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  15. ^ Указ о структуре федеральных органов исполнительной власти
  16. ^ Подписаны указы о назначении министров Правительства Российской Федерации
  17. ^ Назначены министры внутренних дел, иностранных дел, обороны, юстиции и глава МЧС России
  18. ^ "Мишустин распределил обязанности между вице-премьерами". РБК (in Russian). Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  19. ^ "Мишустин возрождает формат президиума правительства". ТАСС (in Russian). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  20. ^ "Образован президиум правительства РФ". RG.RU (in Russian). Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  21. ^ О признании утратившим силу Указа об исполнении обязанностей Председателя Правительства
  22. ^ "Владимир Якушев госпитализирован с коронавирусом". TASS. 1 May 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Министр Якушев вернулся в Минстрой после лечения от коронавируса". Комсомольская Правда. 26 May 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Министр культуры Ольга Любимова заразилась коронавирусом". РИА Новости. 6 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  25. ^ "Глава Минкультуры вышла на работу после перенесенной коронавирусной инфекции". ТАСС. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  26. ^ a b c d e Оперативное совещание с вице-премьерами
  27. ^ a b c d e f Госдума утвердила кандидатуры новых членов правительства. Список
  28. ^ "Погиб глава МЧС Евгений Зиничев". РБК. 8 September 2021. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  29. ^ "ТГ-каналы прогнозируют смену главы МЧС". ИА REGNUM. 24 December 2021. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  30. ^ "Тульского губернатора Дюмина прочат на пост главы МЧС". ИА REGNUM. 27 December 2021. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  31. ^ "Замминистра обороны Иванов является приоритетной кандидатурой на пост главы МЧС". Octagon. 27 December 2021. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  32. ^ "Источник: на должность главы МЧС рассматривают губернатора". URA.RU. 22 December 2021. Retrieved 27 December 2021.

External linksEdit

www.government.ru