Mikhail Mishustin

Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin (Russian: Михаил Владимирович Мишустин, [mʲɪxɐˈil vlɐˈdʲimʲɪrəvʲɪtɕ mʲɪˈʂusʲtʲɪn]; born 3 March 1966) is a Russian economist and politician serving as Prime Minister of Russia since 16 January 2020. He previously served as Director of the Federal Tax Service from 2010 to 2020.

Mikhail Mishustin
Mishustin Portrait govru.jpg
Prime Minister of Russia
Assumed office
16 January 2020
PresidentVladimir Putin
First DeputyAndrey Belousov
Preceded byDmitry Medvedev
Director of the Federal Taxation Service
In office
6 April 2010 – 16 January 2020
PresidentDmitry Medvedev
Vladimir Putin
Preceded byMikhail Mokretsov
Succeeded byDaniil Yegorov
Personal details
Born
Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin

(1966-03-03) 3 March 1966 (age 53)
Lobnya, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
NationalityRussian
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Vladlena Mishustina
Children3
Alma materSTANKIN
Websitepremier.gov.ru

He was nominated for Prime Minister of the Russian Federation by President Vladimir Putin on 15 January 2020, following the resignation of Dmitry Medvedev.[1] Hearings on his appointment were held in the State Duma on 16 January, and he was confirmed to the office that day.[2]

Early life and career

Mikhail Mishustin was born on 3 March 1966 in Lobnya, a town close to Moscow, or in Moscow itself, to the Mishustin family, Vladimir Moiseyevich and Luiza Mikhailovna.[3][4][5][6] Mishustin's father, born in Polotsk, Belarus,[7] was of Russian Jewish origin.[8][9]

In 1989, he graduated from the STANKIN, majoring in system engineering, and then in 1992, he completed postgraduate studies at the same Institute.[10]

After finishing graduate school, he began working as a director of a test laboratory facility.[11] In 1992, Mishustin began working at the International Computer Club (ICC),[12] a public non-profit organization,[11] where he worked on facilitating the integration of Russian and Western advanced information technologies.[12] He ultimately headed the board of the International Computer Club.[11]

In 1998, he joined the state service as an assistant for information systems for accounting and control over the receipt of tax payments to the head of the State tax service of the Russian Federation.[12] From 1998 to 2004, he worked as Deputy tax minister, being second-in-command at the State Tax Service.[13][14] He worked as head of the Federal Agency for Real Estate Cadastre[12] within the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, and head of the Federal Agency for Managing Special Economic Zones.[15]

In 2008, Mishustin left the civil service and returned to the private sector. He spent two years as the president of UFG Asset Management, an investment fund, before resigning to become head of the Federal Tax Service.[13][12][16]

In February 2009, he joined the personnel reserve of the President of Russia.[17]

Head of the Federal Tax Service

In 2010, Mishustin was appointed head of the Federal Tax Service (FTS). After his appointment to this post, entrepreneurs expressed the hope that Mishustin, as coming from business, would be more "friendly" to Russian entrepreneurs.[18] As head of the Federal Tax Service, Mishustin earned a reputation as a skilled technocrat[19][20] and emphasized tax simplification and electronic tax services.[21] During this period, however, the tax service was criticized for its overly strict approach to business; Mishustin rejected this criticism, pointing to a decrease in the number of on-site tax audits and tax inspections of large and medium-sized businesses.[22][23][24]

As head of the FTS, Mishustin declared war on "dirty data" and targeted problems with unjustified value-added tax (VAT) refunds.[25][26] Mishustin emphasized digitization and big data,[27] making extensive use of "techno-authoritarian" systems of government surveillance of economic activity, including the collection of data on almost every transaction in Russia.[28] This data collection was facilitated by new legislation that required all business-to-business invoices to be submitted to the government and required all retailers to automatically transmit real-time transaction data to tax authorities through an "online cash register" process.[28] The government used artificial intelligence to identify persons suspected of tax evasion.[28] This system of surveillance resulted in a decrease in the share of VAT uncollected by Russian authorities during Mishustin's tenure; the "VAT gap" reportedly declined from 20% to less than 1%).[28]

Prime Minister

Appointment

 
Mishustin at his confirmation hearing at the State Duma on 16 January 2020

Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, along with his entire Cabinet, resigned on 15 January 2020, after President Vladimir Putin delivered the Presidential Address to the Federal Assembly, in which he proposed several amendments to the constitution. Medvedev stated that he was resigning to allow Putin to make the significant constitutional changes suggested by Putin regarding shifting power away from the presidency.[29] Putin accepted the resignation. However, on Putin's instructions, the Cabinet continued its work as a caretaker cabinet until the formation of a new government.[30][31][32]

On 15 January 2020, Putin nominated Mishustin for the post of Prime Minister.[1] The next day, he was confirmed by the State Duma to the post[33][34] and appointed Prime Minister by Putin's decree.[35] This was the first time ever that a PM was confirmed without any votes against.

State Duma confirmation
For Against Abstaining Did not vote
383 85.1% 0 0.0% 41 9.1% 25 5.6%
Source: Справка о результатах голосования

Cabinet

 
First meeting of the Mishustin's Cabinet on 21 January 2020

On 21 January 2020, Mishustin presented to President Vladimir Putin a draft structure of his Cabinet. On the same day, the President signed a decree on the structure of the Cabinet and appointed the proposed Ministers.[36][37][38]

In general, the government has been updated by half. Only four Deputy Prime Ministers remained from Medvedev's Cabinet (three retained their seats, one was appointed to another post) and twelve Ministers.[39]

According to many political analysts, Mikhail Mishustin was the only Putin's Prime Minister who formed a truly "own" Cabinet. He gathered a team of his own people and associates. Before that, in the XXI century, only Vladimir Putin was able to do this. In particular, two Deputy Prime Ministers were deputies of Mishustin in the Federal Tax Service. According to experts, this means that Mishustin has carte blanche for changes.[40][41]

Term

International trips

 
Mishustin with Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin, on 31 January 2020
Country Areas visited Date(s) Notes
  Kazakhstan Almaty,
Nur-Sultan
January 30 — February 1, 2020 Working visit, participation in the session of the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council.[42]

Approval ratings

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
Approve Disapprove No opinion Net
Levada Centre 23–29 Jan 2020 1603 48% 37% 15% 11%

Personal life

Mishustin is married and has three sons.[20] He plays ice hockey.[20] He is also an avid spectator of the sport,[19] and is a member of the supervisory board of HC CSKA Moscow.[13][20] It has been reported that, prior to his selection as Prime Minister, he and Putin developed a rapport with each other through their shared enthusiasm for the sport.[13] Mishustin is an amateur musician,[13] and is a pianist.[20] As a hobby he has written pop music, including for the singer Grigory Leps.[13]

Criticism

On 16 January 2020, the Russia-based Anti-Corruption Foundation called on Mishustin to explain how his wife earned almost 800 million rubles over 9 years.[43][44] On 19 January, the Kommersant newspaper published a detailed analysis of all the financial activities of Mikhail Mishustin, including his leadership of UFG Invest — one of the country's largest investment companies. When switching to the civil service in 2010, Mishustin, in accordance with the law, transferred all his assets and investment projects to his wife.[45] From that moment, Vladlena Mishustina started receiving dividends, which is confirmed by official declarations.[46][47][48] According to Kommersant, a significant part of the assets were sold in 2013 and 2014, and the proceeds were placed in deposit accounts to receive interest.[49][50]

On 28 January 2020, Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny published movie "Secret billions of prime minister Mishustin" in which Mishustin was accused of corruption.[51][52]

References

  1. ^ a b "Путин предложил главе ФНС Михаилу Мишустину пост премьера". Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  2. ^ Litvinova, Daria (16 January 2020). "Russia's new PM a career bureaucrat with no political aims". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  3. ^ Алексей Алексеевич Мухин, Правители России: Старая площадь и Белый дом. Элита России, Алгоритм, 2005, ISBN 5926501776, стр. 275.
  4. ^ Алексей Мухин, Кабинет Михаила Фрадкова, 2006: неофициальный взгляд на официальных людей, Центр политической информации, 2006, стр. 116.
  5. ^ Федеральная и региональная элита России 2004: кто есть кто в политике и экономике, Центр политической информаци, ГНОМ и Д, 2004, стр. 453.
  6. ^ Welle, Deutsche. "Who is Mikhail Mishustin — Russia's next prime minister? | DW | 16 January 2020". DW.COM. Archived from the original on 17 January 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  7. ^ «Ну наш Миша дает!»: Школьные учителя Мишустина в шоке от того, куда забрался их ученик
  8. ^ Kester Kenn Klomegah (17 January 2020). "Meet Mikhail Mishustin, Russia's New Prime Minister". Eurasian Review. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  9. ^ "Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin". Global Security. 17 January 2020. Archived from the original on 17 January 2020. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
  10. ^ "Биография". Archived from the original on 13 August 2019. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  11. ^ a b c "ИСТОРИЯ МЕЖДУНАРОДНОГО КОМПЬЮТЕРНОГО КЛУБА". Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d e Teslova, Elena (16 January 2020). "PROFILE - Who is Mikhail Mishustin?". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Rudnitsky, Jake; Pismennaya, Evgenia (16 January 2020). "High-Tech Taxman Who Loves Hockey Is Putin's New Premier". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
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  17. ^ Поздравляем Михаила Мишустина с назначением на пост руководителя Федеральной налоговой службы! Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Кадровый резерв Президента России
  18. ^ "Дружелюбная служба". Archived from the original on 20 June 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  19. ^ a b Standish, Reid; MacKinnon, Amy (16 January 2020). "Who Is Russia's New Prime Minister?". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  20. ^ a b c d e Ilyushina, Mary; Guy, Jack (16 January 2020). "Mikhail Mishustin didn't have an English Wikipedia page on Wednesday morning. A day later, he's Russia's prime minister". CNN. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  21. ^ "Налоговики пообщались с бизнесменами". Archived from the original on 9 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Глава ФНС: Налоговые поступления в федеральный бюджет близки к докризисным". Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  23. ^ "Контрольная работа". Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  24. ^ "Мишустин: ФНС проверяет одно малое предприятие из четырёх тысяч". Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  25. ^ "Российские налоговики модернизируются". Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  26. ^ "НДС". Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  27. ^ Leonid Bershidsky, Putin's Pick for Prime Minister Is a Bureaucratic Superman, Bloomberg (16 January 2020).
  28. ^ a b c d Joseph W. Sullivan, Russia's New Prime Minister Augurs Techno-Authoritarianism, Foreign Policy (20 January 2020).
  29. ^ "Russian prime minister and government resign after Putin speech". Reuters. 15 January 2020. Archived from the original on 17 January 2020. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  30. ^ "Правительство России уходит в отставку". РИА Новости (in Russian). Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
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  32. ^ "Указ о Правительстве Российской Федерации". Archived from the original on 19 January 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  33. ^ Soldatkin, Vladimir; Marrow, Alexander (16 January 2020). Stonestreet, John (ed.). "Russian lawmakers approve Mishustin as PM". Reuters. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2020. Mishustin received 383 votes of 424 cast, with no votes against and 41 abstentions in a victory that had been all but assured when he won the unanimous backing of his party, United Russia, which has a strong majority in the chamber.
  34. ^ Госдума одобрила Мишустина на пост премьера
  35. ^ "Михаил Мишустин назначен Председателем Правительства Российской Федерации". Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  36. ^ Указ о структуре федеральных органов исполнительной власти
  37. ^ Подписаны указы о назначении министров Правительства Российской Федерации
  38. ^ Назначены министры внутренних дел, иностранных дел, обороны, юстиции и глава МЧС России
  39. ^ "Кабинет Мишустина: обновленный социальный блок, новички и "долгожители"". ТАСС (in Russian). Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  40. ^ "Мишустин — первый премьер России в XXI веке, которому удалось собрать «свое» правительство В кабинет вошли его соратники, старый друг и даже коллега тестя". Медуза (in Russian). Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  41. ^ "Мишустин смог собрать в правительстве команду единомышленников". Ведомости (in Russian). Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  42. ^ "Поездки. Республика Казахстан". premier.gov.ru.
  43. ^ "«Это вопрос элементарной этики и уважения к гражданам страны»". Znak.com. 19 January 2020.
  44. ^ Roth, Andrew (16 January 2020). "Putin critics ask how his PM choice acquired expensive properties". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  45. ^ "Премьер-министр как консервативный инвестор". Коммерсант. 19 January 2020.
  46. ^ "«Ъ» рассказал о доходах Мишустина и его супруги". Газета.ru. 19 January 2020.
  47. ^ "Активы семьи нового премьер-министра России Михаила Мишустина составляют сотни миллионов рублей". Эхо Москвы. 19 January 2020.
  48. ^ "«Коммерсант» объяснил доходы жены премьера Мишустина «консервативным инвестированием»". Новая газета. 20 January 2020.
  49. ^ "Руководитель ФНС России отчитался о доходах за 2013 год". Коммерсантъ. 8 May 2014.
  50. ^ "Руководитель ФНС России отчитался о доходах за 2014 год". Коммерсантъ. 8 May 2015.
  51. ^ "Засекреченные миллиарды премьера Мишустина", YouTube, retrieved 30 January 2020
  52. ^ "Russian PM Mishustin and Family Own $45M in Moscow Real Estate – Navalny". The Free Russia Forum. Retrieved 2 February 2020.

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Dmitry Medvedev
Prime Minister of Russia
2020–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Mikhail Mokretsov
Director of the Federal Tax Service
2010–2020
Succeeded by
Daniil Yegorov