Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin (Russian: Михаил Владимирович Мишустин, [mʲɪxɐˈil vlɐˈdʲimʲɪrəvʲɪtɕ mʲɪˈʂusʲtʲɪn]; born 3 March 1966) is a Russian economist and politician serving as Prime Minister of Russia since 16 January 2020. He previously served as Director of the Federal Tax Service from 2010 to 2020.
|Prime Minister of Russia|
|Assumed office |
16 January 2020
|First Deputy||Andrey Belousov|
|Preceded by||Dmitry Medvedev|
|Director of the Federal Taxation Service|
6 April 2010 – 16 January 2020
|Preceded by||Mikhail Mokretsov|
|Succeeded by||Daniil Yegorov|
Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin
3 March 1966
Lobnya, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
He was nominated for Prime Minister of the Russian Federation by President Vladimir Putin on 15 January 2020, following the resignation of Dmitry Medvedev. Hearings on his appointment were held in the State Duma on 16 January, and he was confirmed to the office that day.
Early life and career
Mikhail Mishustin was born on 3 March 1966 in Lobnya, a town close to Moscow, or in Moscow itself, to the Mishustin family, Vladimir Moiseyevich and Luiza Mikhailovna. Mishustin's father, born in Polotsk, Belarus, was of Russian Jewish origin.
After finishing graduate school, he began working as a director of a test laboratory facility. In 1992, Mishustin began working at the International Computer Club (ICC), a public non-profit organization, where he worked on facilitating the integration of Russian and Western advanced information technologies. He ultimately headed the board of the International Computer Club.
In 1998, he joined the state service as an assistant for information systems for accounting and control over the receipt of tax payments to the head of the State tax service of the Russian Federation. From 1998 to 2004, he worked as Deputy tax minister, being second-in-command at the State Tax Service. He worked as head of the Federal Agency for Real Estate Cadastre within the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, and head of the Federal Agency for Managing Special Economic Zones.
In 2008, Mishustin left the civil service and returned to the private sector. He spent two years as the president of UFG Asset Management, an investment fund, before resigning to become head of the Federal Tax Service.
In February 2009, he joined the personnel reserve of the President of Russia.
Head of the Federal Tax Service
In 2010, Mishustin was appointed head of the Federal Tax Service (FTS). After his appointment to this post, entrepreneurs expressed the hope that Mishustin, as coming from business, would be more "friendly" to Russian entrepreneurs. As head of the Federal Tax Service, Mishustin earned a reputation as a skilled technocrat and emphasized tax simplification and electronic tax services. During this period, however, the tax service was criticized for its overly strict approach to business; Mishustin rejected this criticism, pointing to a decrease in the number of on-site tax audits and tax inspections of large and medium-sized businesses.
As head of the FTS, Mishustin declared war on "dirty data" and targeted problems with unjustified value-added tax (VAT) refunds. Mishustin emphasized digitization and big data, making extensive use of "techno-authoritarian" systems of government surveillance of economic activity, including the collection of data on almost every transaction in Russia. This data collection was facilitated by new legislation that required all business-to-business invoices to be submitted to the government and required all retailers to automatically transmit real-time transaction data to tax authorities through an "online cash register" process. The government used artificial intelligence to identify persons suspected of tax evasion. This system of surveillance resulted in a decrease in the share of VAT uncollected by Russian authorities during Mishustin's tenure; the "VAT gap" reportedly declined from 20% to less than 1%).
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, along with his entire Cabinet, resigned on 15 January 2020, after President Vladimir Putin delivered the Presidential Address to the Federal Assembly, in which he proposed several amendments to the constitution. Medvedev stated that he was resigning to allow Putin to make the significant constitutional changes suggested by Putin regarding shifting power away from the presidency. Putin accepted the resignation. However, on Putin's instructions, the Cabinet continued its work as a caretaker cabinet until the formation of a new government.
On 15 January 2020, Putin nominated Mishustin for the post of Prime Minister. The next day, he was confirmed by the State Duma to the post and appointed Prime Minister by Putin's decree. This was the first time ever that a PM was confirmed without any votes against.
|State Duma confirmation|
|For||Against||Abstaining||Did not vote|
|Source: Справка о результатах голосования|
On 21 January 2020, Mishustin presented to President Vladimir Putin a draft structure of his Cabinet. On the same day, the President signed a decree on the structure of the Cabinet and appointed the proposed Ministers.
In general, the government has been updated by half. Only four Deputy Prime Ministers remained from Medvedev's Cabinet (three retained their seats, one was appointed to another post) and twelve Ministers.
According to many political analysts, Mikhail Mishustin was the only Putin's Prime Minister who formed a truly "own" Cabinet. He gathered a team of his own people and associates. Before that, in the XXI century, only Vladimir Putin was able to do this. In particular, two Deputy Prime Ministers were deputies of Mishustin in the Federal Tax Service. According to experts, this means that Mishustin has carte blanche for changes.
|January 30 — February 1, 2020||Working visit, participation in the session of the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council.|
|Polling firm||Fieldwork date||Sample
|Levada Centre||23–29 Jan 2020||1603||48%||37%||15%||11%|
Mishustin is married and has three sons. He plays ice hockey. He is also an avid spectator of the sport, and is a member of the supervisory board of HC CSKA Moscow. It has been reported that, prior to his selection as Prime Minister, he and Putin developed a rapport with each other through their shared enthusiasm for the sport. Mishustin is an amateur musician, and is a pianist. As a hobby he has written pop music, including for the singer Grigory Leps.
On 16 January 2020, the Russia-based Anti-Corruption Foundation called on Mishustin to explain how his wife earned almost 800 million rubles over 9 years. On 19 January, the Kommersant newspaper published a detailed analysis of all the financial activities of Mikhail Mishustin, including his leadership of UFG Invest — one of the country's largest investment companies. When switching to the civil service in 2010, Mishustin, in accordance with the law, transferred all his assets and investment projects to his wife. From that moment, Vladlena Mishustina started receiving dividends, which is confirmed by official declarations. According to Kommersant, a significant part of the assets were sold in 2013 and 2014, and the proceeds were placed in deposit accounts to receive interest.
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Mishustin received 383 votes of 424 cast, with no votes against and 41 abstentions in a victory that had been all but assured when he won the unanimous backing of his party, United Russia, which has a strong majority in the chamber.
- Госдума одобрила Мишустина на пост премьера
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- Указ о структуре федеральных органов исполнительной власти
- Подписаны указы о назначении министров Правительства Российской Федерации
- Назначены министры внутренних дел, иностранных дел, обороны, юстиции и глава МЧС России
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mikhail Mishustin.|
- Official site of the Prime Minister of Russia
| Prime Minister of Russia
| Director of the Federal Tax Service