Mikhail Kozlovsky

Mikhail Ivanovich Kozlovsky (6 November 1753 – 30 September 1802) was a Russian Neoclassical sculptor active during the Age of Enlightenment.

Mikhail Kozlovsky
Михаил Иванович Козловский
M kozlovsky.jpg
Mikhail Kozlovsky (1790-1800-s)
Born(1753-10-26)October 26, 1753
DiedSeptember 18, 1802(1802-09-18) (aged 48)
EducationMember Academy of Arts (1794)
Professor by rank (1799)[1]
Alma materImperial Academy of Arts (1773)[1]
Known forSculpture
Awards(1773)[1]

BiographyEdit

Beginning his training at the Imperial Academy of Arts with Anton Losenko in 1764, he went to Rome in 1774 and then to Paris in 1779. Although his early works harked back to the Baroque sensibility, Kozlovsky eventually succeeded in adapting his manner to Neoclassical monumentality. In 1788, he returned to Paris with the task of superintending Russian students abroad. He was appointed a professor at the Academy of Arts in 1794 and instructed young sculptors in St Petersburg until his death.

Among his classicizing works was the awesome gilt bronze statue of Samson Rending the Lion's Jaws (1800–1802), a central piece of the Grand Cascade at Peterhof Palace, symbolizing Russia's victory over Sweden in the Great Northern War. After it was looted by the invading Germans, a replacement statue was installed in 1947. Another masterpiece is the Suvorov Monument, an expressive bronze sculpture of Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov in the guise of youthful Mars. It was unveiled in the Field of Mars (Saint Petersburg) a year before the sculptor's death.

WorksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Directory of the Imperial Academy of Arts 1915, p. 258.

BibliographyEdit

  • С. Н. Кондаков (1915). Юбилейный справочник Императорской Академии художеств. 1764-1914 (in Russian). 2. p. 258.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Mikhail Kozlovsky at Wikimedia Commons