Mihailo V. Vujić

Mihailo V. Vujić (Serbian Cyrillic: Михаило В. Вујић; 26 October 1853 — 1 March 1913) was a Serbian politician, ambassador, professor of economics, philosopher, historian and academic. He was one of the most notable Serbian economists during the latter half of the nineteenth century.[1][2]

Mihailo V. Vujić
Dr Mihailo Vujic (cropped).jpg
Born(1853-10-26)26 October 1853
Died1 March 1913(1913-03-01) (aged 59)
NationalitySerbian
Occupationpolitician, ambassador, professor of economics, philosopher, historian and academic

BiographyEdit

He completed a gymnasium and received his post-graduate degree in economics at Belgrade's Grandes écoles. Vujić continued his post-graduate studies in finance, economics and philosophy at the University of Leipzig, where he received a Ph.D. in 1879. Shortly after returning from his studies to Serbia, he joined the moderate wing of the People's Radical Party.

From 1879 to 1887 Vujić taught economics at his alma mater, alongside two other well-known professors, Konstantin Cukić and Čedomilj Mijatović.

He first became Minister of Finance in the liberal-radical government of Jovan Ristić in mid-1887, and at the end of the same year, he transferred to the radical government of Sava Grujić. He was then Minister of Finance in a total of five governments. As Minister of Finance, Vujić eliminated the monopoly of tobacco and salt and put a stop to the exploitation of the Serbian railway system, which until then had been in the hands of foreign companies. He sorted out the finances of the state, bringing the budget from large deficits to balancing the books by 1891. He tried to convert all of Serbia's foreign loans to reduce the burden of repayment.

After King Alexander Obrenović's controversial marriage to Draga Mašin, Vujić became an ambassador in Paris. Already in February 1901, Vujić was Foreign Minister in the government of Aleksa Jovanović, and shortly thereafter (March 20, 1901) he formed his own government and the portfolio of the Foreign Minister. This government was a coalition of forward-radicals and other parties. The reconciliation of Vujić and other moderate radicals caused a split in the Radical Party, from which the younger and more combative elements stood out and formed a new party of Independent Radicals. Vujić's government fell on 7 November 1902.

In the following years, Vujić was Serbia's ambassador in Vienna in 1903, Berlin in 1906 and Rome in 1909.

Vujić was elected a full member of the Serbian Royal Academy in 1901.[3]

WorksEdit

Mihailo V. Vujić is best known for his first scientific treatise of Benedetto Cotrugli's "About Commerce and the Perfect Merchant", a lively account of the life of a Ragusian merchant in the Early Renaissance. Cotrugli gave an early description of the double-entry bookkeeping system. Vujić's translation is a scholarly analysis of Kotruljević's work that places the four books into its proper historical context, making it an important contribution to our understanding of the origins of management and trade practices in the eastern shores of the Adriatic Sea during 15th century Ragusa.

In philosophy, he belonged to the Kantian direction.[4]

Vujić also wrote and published:

  • Načela narodne ekonomije: Osnovna pethodna pitanja[5]
  • Istorijski razvitak nauke o narodnoj privredi, Book I (1895)[6]
  • Ekonomo-politički pogledi Dubrovčanina Nikole Vida Gucetica iz druge polovine 16-tog. veka (1900)[7]
  • Naša ekonomna politika[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ekonomska misao (in Serbian). NIP "Privredni pregled". 1973.
  2. ^ Krstić, Dalibor. "RAZVOJ EKONOMSKE MISLI U SRBIJI" (PDF). {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "Vujic Mihailo". www.sanu.ac.rs. Retrieved 2019-09-26.
  4. ^ BULLETIN TOME LXX: CLASSE DES SCIENCES SOCIALES (in French). Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. 1980-05-05.
  5. ^ Stokes, Gale (1990). Politics as Development: The Emergence of Political Parties in Nineteenth Century Serbia. Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822310167.
  6. ^ Vujić, Mihailo V. (1895). Mih. V. Vujića Načela narodne ekonomije: Osnovna prethodna pitanja; Istorijski razvitak nauke o narodnoj privredi. Državna štamparija Kraljevine Srbije.
  7. ^ Vujić, Mihailo V. (1900). Ekonomno-politički pogledi Dubrovčanina Nikole Vida Gučetića iz druge polovine XVI. veka. Srpska manastirska štamp.
  8. ^ Stokes, Gale (1990). Politics as Development: The Emergence of Political Parties in Nineteenth Century Serbia. Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822310167.
Government offices
Preceded by Minister of Finance of Serbia
1887–1888
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Čedomilj Mijatović
Minister of Finance of Serbia
1889–1891
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Finance of Serbia
1893–1894
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Finance of Serbia
1896–1897
Succeeded by
Stevan D. Popović
Preceded by Prime Minister of Serbia
1901–1902
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Aleksa Jovanović
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Serbia
1901–1902
Succeeded by