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Midlothian (UK Parliament constituency) (1708–1918)

Edinburghshire (also known as Midlothian) was a Scottish county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain (at Westminster) from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (also at Westminster) from 1801 to 1918.

Edinburghshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
17081918
Number of membersOne
Replaced byMidlothian & Peebles Northern
Peebles & Southern Midlothian
Created fromEdinburghshire

It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The seat is most famous as the location of William Ewart Gladstone's upset victory in the Midlothian Campaign of 1880, regarded as the birth of the modern political campaign in the United Kingdom. After Gladstone's victory it became the first non-English constituency to be represented by a serving prime minister.

Contents

CreationEdit

The British parliamentary constituency was created in 1708 following the Acts of Union, 1707 and replaced the former Parliament of Scotland shire constituency of Edinburghshire.

BoundariesEdit

As first used, in 1708 general election of the Parliament of Great Britain, the constituency covered the county of Edinburgh, except the burgh of Edinburgh, which was covered by the Edinburgh burgh constituency. 1708 boundaries were used also for all subsequent elections of that parliament.

In 1801 the Parliament of Ireland was merged with the Parliament of Great Britain to form the Parliament of the United Kingdom . The first general election of the new parliament was the general election of 1802. There was no change to the boundaries of any pre-existing Westminster constituency, and 1802 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1806, 1807, 1812, 1818, 1820, 1826, 1830 and 1831.

For the 1832 general election, as a result of the Representation of the People Act 1832, the constituency was redefined. The boundaries of counties and burghs for parliamentary purposes ceased to be necessarily those for other purposes, but nominally the Edinburghshire constituency consisted of the county of Edinburgh minus the burghs of Edinburgh, Leith, Portobello, and Musselburgh. Edinburgh was again covered by the Edinburgh constituency, and Leith, Portobello and Musselburgh were covered by the Leith Burghs constituency.

1832 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1835, 1837, 1841, 1847, 1852, 1857, 1859, 1865, 1874, 1880, 1886, 1892, 1895, 1900, 1906, January 1910 and December 1910.

For the 1918 general election, as a result of the Representation of the People Act 1918, the area of the Edinburghshire constituency was mostly divided between the Midlothian and Peebles Northern and Peebles and Southern Midlothian constituencies. By this date, the county of Edinburgh had been renamed as the county of Midlothian.

The Midlothian and Peebles Northern constituency consisted of the Calder and Suburban districts and part of the Lasswade district of the county of Midlothian, and the Peebles and Southern constituency consisted of the county of Peebles, the Gala Water district and part of the Lasswade district of county of Midlothian, and the burghs of Bonnyrigg, Lasswade, and Penicuik in county of Midlothian.[1]

The rest of the county of Midlothian was covered by the Edinburgh Central, Edinburgh East, Edinburgh North, Edinburgh South, Edinburgh West and Leith constituencies.[1]

HistoryEdit

The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system. There were 56 voters in 1708, 68 in 1710,[2] about 80 between 1715 and 1754,[3] 84 in 1764, 104 in 1774, 93 in 1788,[4] 95 in 1790 rising to 123 in 1811,[5] 174 in 1820, 168 in 1826 and 165 in 1830. [6] The seat was redefined for the 1832 general election and replaced for the 1918 general election.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

1840sEdit

General election 1841: Midlothian[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Ramsay Unopposed
Registered electors 2,315
Conservative gain from Whig

Ramsay resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.

By-election, 25 June 1845: Midlothian[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hope Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1847: Midlothian[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hope Unopposed
Registered electors 2,185
Conservative hold

1850sEdit

General election 1852: Midlothian[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hope Unopposed
Registered electors 2,017
Conservative hold

Hope's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 25 June 1853: Midlothian[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Montagu Douglas Scott Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1857: Midlothian[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Montagu Douglas Scott Unopposed
Registered electors 1,960
Conservative hold
General election 1859: Midlothian[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Montagu Douglas Scott Unopposed
Registered electors 1,974
Conservative hold

1860sEdit

General election 1865: Midlothian[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Montagu Douglas Scott Unopposed
Registered electors 1,656
Conservative hold
General election 1868: Midlothian [13][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Ramsay-Gibson-Maitland 1,146 55.9 N/A
Conservative William Montagu Douglas Scott 905 44.1 N/A
Majority 241 11.8 N/A
Turnout 2,051 82.4 N/A
Registered electors 2,489
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

1870sEdit

General election 1874: Midlothian [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Montagu Douglas Scott 1,194 53.0
Liberal William Hay 1,059 47.0
Majority 135 6.0 N/A
Turnout 2,253 84.3
Registered electors 2,672
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

1880sEdit

General election 1880: Midlothian [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone 1,579 53.6 +6.6
Conservative William Montagu Douglas Scott 1,368 46.4 −6.6
Majority 211 7.2 N/A
Turnout 2,947 90.4 +6.1
Registered electors 3,260
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.6

Gladstone's appointment as Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer required a by-election.

By-election, 10 May 1880: Midlothian [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1885: Midlothian [14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone 7,879 70.8 +17.2
Conservative Charles Dalrymple 3,248 29.2 −17.2
Majority 4,631 41.6 +34.4
Turnout 11,127 86.1 −4.3
Registered electors 12,924
Liberal hold Swing +17.2

Gladstone's appointment as Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer required a by-election.

By-election, 10 Feb 1886: Midlothian [15][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1886: Midlothian [15][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone Unopposed
Liberal hold

1890sEdit

General election 1892: Midlothian [16][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone 5,845 53.1 N/A
Conservative Andrew Wauchope 5,155 46.9 N/A
Majority 690 6.2 N/A
Turnout 11,000 83.1 N/A
Registered electors 13,234
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Gladstone's appointment as Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Lord Privy Seal required a by-election.

By-election, 24 Aug 1892: Midlothian[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Ewart Gladstone Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1895: Midlothian [17][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Gibson-Carmichael 6,090 52.0 −1.1
Liberal Unionist North de Coigny Dalrymple-Hamilton 5,631 48.0 +1.1
Majority 459 4.0 −2.2
Turnout 11,721 85.2 +2.1
Registered electors 13,750
Liberal hold Swing −1.1

1900sEdit

General election 1900: Midlothian [17][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Murray 5,804 51.4 −0.6
Liberal Unionist North de Coigny Dalrymple-Hamilton 5,490 48.6 +0.6
Majority 314 2.8 −1.2
Turnout 11,294 80.7 −4.5
Registered electors 13,991
Liberal hold Swing −0.6
General election 1906: Midlothian [18][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Harry Primrose 8,348 61.9 +10.5
Conservative Frank J. Usher 5,131 38.1 −10.5
Majority 3,217 23.8 +21.0
Turnout 13,479 85.8 +5.1
Registered electors 15,711
Liberal hold Swing +10.5

1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Midlothian [19][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Murray 9,062 62.5 +0.6
Conservative Mountstuart Elphinstone 5,427 37.5 −0.6
Majority 3,635 25.0 +1.2
Turnout 14,489 84.5 −1.3
Registered electors 17,141
Liberal hold Swing +0.6
General election December 1910: Midlothian [19][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Murray 8,837 60.9 −1.6
Conservative John Hope 5,680 39.1 +1.6
Majority 3,157 21.8 −3.2
Turnout 14,517 82.3 −2.2
Registered electors 17,639
Liberal hold Swing −1.6
1912 Midlothian by-election [19][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Hope 6,021 41.8 +2.7
Liberal Alexander Shaw 5,989 41.5 −19.4
Labour Robert Brown 2,413 16.7 N/A
Majority 32 0.3 N/A
Turnout 14,423 80.8 −1.5
Registered electors 17,847
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +11.1

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, 1972
  2. ^ "Edinburghshire (Midlothian)". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Edinburghshire (Midlothian)". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Edinburghshire (Midlothian)". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Edinburghshire (Midlothian)". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  6. ^ "Edinburghshire (Midlothian)". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d e Stooks Smith, Henry (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections: Containing the Uncontested Elections Since 1830. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 200. Retrieved 18 August 2019 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ Cookson, J. E. (April 2004). "The Edinburgh and Glasgow Duke of Wellington Statues: Early Nineteenth-Century Unionist Nationalism as a Tory Project". The Scottish Historical Review. 83 (215): 23–40. doi:10.3366/shr.2004.83.1.23. JSTOR 25529753.
  9. ^ Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 65. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ "Evening Mail". 30 June 1841. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ "Electoral Decisions". Northern Star and Leeds General Advertiser. 10 July 1841. p. 24. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  13. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1870
  14. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  16. ^ a b Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  17. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  18. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  19. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916

Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 2)

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Vacant
since 1876
Title last held by
Buckinghamshire
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1880–1885
Vacant
until 1902
Title next held by
Manchester East
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1 February – 20 July 1886
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1892–1895