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Middlebury, Indiana

Middlebury is a town in Middlebury Township, Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. It is located approximately 35 miles east of South Bend, 130 miles east of Chicago, Illinois and 165 miles north of Indianapolis. Middlebury is nestled in Northern Indiana's Amish country. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 3,420.

Middlebury, Indiana
Location of Middlebury in Elkhart County, Indiana.
Location of Middlebury in Elkhart County, Indiana.
Coordinates: 41°40′26″N 85°42′34″W / 41.67389°N 85.70944°W / 41.67389; -85.70944Coordinates: 41°40′26″N 85°42′34″W / 41.67389°N 85.70944°W / 41.67389; -85.70944
CountryUnited States
 • Total3.88 sq mi (10.04 km2)
 • Land3.86 sq mi (9.99 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
833 ft (254 m)
 • Total3,420
 • Estimate 
 • Density926.41/sq mi (357.68/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)574
FIPS code18-48924[4]
GNIS feature ID0439113[5]


Middlebury is located at 41°40′26″N 85°42′34″W / 41.67389°N 85.70944°W / 41.67389; -85.70944 (41.673863, -85.709443).[6] It sits on the banks of the Little Elkhart River in the middle of a mix of rolling hills and rural farm land.

According to the 2010 census, Middlebury has a total area of 3.78 square miles (9.79 km2), of which 3.76 square miles (9.74 km2) (or 99.47%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 0.53%) is water.[7]


Before the Europeans came to the region, the Miami and later the Potawatomi ruled the area. That changed in 1832, when the first settlers came from Middlebury, Vermont. They chose this specific area because the rolling hills reminded them of Vermont.[8] Later, in 1841, the first Amish families came from Somerset County, Pennsylvania and settled in the countryside surrounding the town. Middlebury Township was organized in 1834 and the town of Middlebury was finally incorporated in 1868.[8] In 1888, the railroad came to Middlebury and began to diversify the town's economy to include manufacturing as well as farming.[8]


Census Pop.
Est. 20183,614[3]5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census,[10][11][12] of 2010, there were 3,420 people, 1,263 households, and 822 families residing in the town. The population density was 911.1 people per square mile (351.7/km²). There were 1,341 housing units at an average density of 357.8 per square mile (138.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.6% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.

There were 1,263 households of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.4% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.11.

The population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $54,714, and the median income for a family was $68,273. Males had a median income of $48,894 versus $34,688 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,825. 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were living below the poverty line, including 6.3% under eighteens and 7.1% of those over 65.


The Middlebury Community School system attracts many families to the area. The grade alignment is K-3, 4-5, 6-8, and 9-12. Northridge opened in 1969 and replaced the aging Middlebury and Jefferson Township High Schools. The high school moved into a new building for the 2008-09 school year; the old high school will become Northridge Middle School and Heritage Middle School will become an intermediate school.[13]

Jefferson Elementary was torn down and replaced in 1998 shortly after Orchard View had opened in 1995.

School Type School Corporation Nickname
Heritage Intermediate Middlebury Knights
Jefferson Elementary Middlebury Tigers
Middlebury Elementary Middlebury Middies
Northridge High Middlebury Raiders
Northridge Middle Middlebury Raiders
Orchard View Elementary Middlebury Eagles
York Elementary Middlebury Mustangs

The town has a free lending library, the Middlebury Community Public Library.[14]


Middlebury's economy is based on farming, manufacturing, and tourism. A $95,000 earmark was included in the federal FY2009 Omnibus Appropriations Bill to fund "Middlebury Economic Development, IN for development of a comprehensive plan for economic development that takes into account infrastructure needs, land use planning, and downtown redevelopment while balancing the needs of the large Amish population with that of the broader community."[15]


Two major manufacturers of recreational vehicles, Jayco and Coachmen RV, have production facilities in Middlebury. Culver Duck Farms, the 2nd largest white pekin duck producer and grower in the United States is located in Middlebury, shipping 70,000+ ducks a week worldwide. Syndicate Systems' largest facility, for the manufacture of retail shelving is also located in town. The Meijer Central Kitchen produces deli salads, deli sandwiches, cookies, and sub buns for the entire Meijer department store chain and is also a distribution center.


Much of Middlebury's tourism revolves around Das Dutchman Essenhaus. The Amish-themed restaurant, inn, conference center, and shops serve over 750,000 people every year.[16] The facility also has a wholesale food operation on site which ships various home-made products.[16]

The town is also home to Krider World's Fair Garden and the Pumpkinvine Nature Trail.[17]

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 28, 2017.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-17.
  8. ^ a b c Welcome To Town of Middlebury
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-05. Retrieved 2011-10-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-05. Retrieved 2008-07-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Indiana public library directory" (PDF). Indiana State Library. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  15. ^ Taxpayers for Common Sense "7.7 Billion in Earmarks in 2009 Omnibus Spending Bill" 2009-03-10 Retrieved on 2009-03-13
  16. ^ a b "About Us - Company History". Das Dutchman Essenhaus. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  17. ^ "Pumpkinvine Nature Trail". Pumpkinvine Nature Trail. Retrieved 2017-02-23.

External linksEdit