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Middleburg Airfield (also known as Klenso Airfield or Toem Airfield) is a World War II airfield located on Middleburg Island, to the north of Sansapor in West Irian Jaya Province, Indonesia. The airfield was abandoned after the war and today is almost totally returned to its natural state.

Middleburg Airfield
Part of Fifth Air Force
Located on Middleburg Island, in West Irian Jaya Province, Indonesia.
Middleburg Airfield is located in Papua
Middleburg Airfield
Middleburg Airfield
Middleburg Airfield, Indonesia
Coordinates00°22′13.53″S 132°11′42.57″E / 0.3704250°S 132.1951583°E / -0.3704250; 132.1951583
TypeMilitary airfield
Site information
Controlled byUnited States Army Air Forces
Site history
Built1944
In use1944-1945

Contents

HistoryEdit

The airfield was built by the Americans began as a 5,400 foot-long fighter airstrip, becoming operational on 17 August 1944. A second runway, completed 3 September, began at 6,000 feet but was soon lengthened to 7,500. It was used by a number of units, including the 419th Night Fighter Squadron flying P-61 Black Widows (21 August to 6 March 1945) and by the 67th Fighter Squadron of the 347th Fighter Group flying P-38 Lightnings (15 August to 12 February 1945).

The capture of this island had a significant impact on the allied war effort in the Southwest Pacific, as the long-range P-38 Lightnings were now in range of several important Japanese installations blocking the route to the Philippines. B-25 Mitchells based on Biak also used Middleburg as a staging base to extend the range of their bombing operations into northern Celebes.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.

External linksEdit