Midões (Portuguese pronunciation: [miˈðõjʃ]) is a historic Portuguese village and civil parish in Tábua municipality, in the District of Coimbra. It covers an area of approximately 19.98 km ² and was recorded as having a population of 1,725, in 2011 with a population density of 86.3 inhabitants/km2.
|Intermunic. comm.||Região de Coimbra|
|• Total||20.07 km2 (7.75 sq mi)|
|• Density||86/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC±00:00 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+01:00 (WEST)|
It is situated close to a number of rivers, including Cavalos river, the Sea river and the Mondego river.
Midões played a pivotal historical role and backdrop for the legendary tales of João Brandão and the civil struggles of the Beira area at the time. The village was also home to a number of important and stately figures, including the Viscount of Vinhal, Roque Ribeiro de Abranches Castelo-Branco (the Viscount of Midões) and later his son, Dr. César Ribeiro de Abranches Castelo-Branco (2nd Visount of Midões), the latter who commissioned the iconic Palácio de Midões.
Midões was the stronghold for many years and held the central seat of Coimbra from 1514 until 1853 until the council was disassembled and relocated to the newer neighbouring parish of Tabua.
Additional parishes were also later added in the early nineteenth century which included Candosa, Covasand and Vila Nova de Oliveirinha.
Midões is a village full of history dating back to Roman times as evidenced by the many Roman ruins and graves left from early settlers as well as many stately homes that were left behind by the noble families that lived there when the central seat of Coimbra was moved to Tabua. A number of these manor houses, the town palace and historical landmarks can still be seen in Midões today and include:
- Palácio de Midões (also known as 'Palácio das Quatro Estações')
- Solar do Ribeirinho
- The House of João Brandão (in Casal da Senhora)
- The Roman Viaduct of Midoes
- Casa do Esporão
- Solar dos Sousa Machado
- Casa da Obra (also known as 'Valverde')
- Pelourinho de Midões (an IGESPAR classified historical landmark of public interest)
- Pelourinho de Coitus
Midões is also home to a number of historic churches, including:
- DUARTE, Marco Daniel, Board: history, art and memory, Board, Tábua Town Hall, 2009
- FERREIRA, Luís Pedro, Tábua: a past with a future, Tábua, Câmara Municipal de Tábua, 2007
- SARAIVA, José da Costa, Monografía de Midões, Cucujães, Author Edition, 1986
- VEIGA, António Duarte de Almeida, Midões and his old Municipality, Lisbon, Livraria Editora, 1911
- Instituto Nacional de Estatística
- "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 5 November 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
- Da Costa Saraiva, José (1986). Monografia de Midões. Escola Tipográfica da Missões Cucujães Tiragem. p. 46.
- Da Costa Saraiva, José (1986). Monografia de Midões. Escola Tipofráfica das Missões Cucujães Tiragem. p. 72.
- Da Costa Saraiva, José (1986). Monografia da Midões. Escola Tipográfia das Missões Cucujães Tiragem. p. 29.
- Da Costa Saraiva, José (1986). Monografia de Midões. Escola Tipográfica das Missões Cucujães Tiragem. p. 45.
- Da Costa Saraiva, José (1986). Monografia de Midões. Escola Tipográfica das Missões Cucujães Tiragem. p. 53.
- Da Costa Saraiva, José (1986). Monografia de Midões. Escola Tipográfica das Missões Cucujães Tiragem. p. 50.