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James Barton "Mickey" Vernon (April 22, 1918 – September 24, 2008) was an American Major League Baseball (MLB) first baseman who played for the Washington Senators (1939–48, 1950–55), Cleveland Indians (1949–50, 1958), Boston Red Sox (1956–57), Milwaukee Braves (1959), and Pittsburgh Pirates (1960). He also was the first manager in the history of the expansion edition of the Senators (now the Texas Rangers), serving from 1961 through May 21, 1963, and was a coach for four MLB teams between 1960 and 1982.
Vernon in 1961
|First baseman / Manager|
|Born: April 22, 1918|
Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania
|Died: September 24, 2008 (aged 90)|
|July 8, 1939, for the Washington Senators|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 27, 1960, for the Pittsburgh Pirates|
|Runs batted in||1,311|
|Career highlights and awards|
He retired as a player in 1960 with 2,495 hits, and holds the major league record for career double plays at first base (2,044). He has the American League (AL) record for career games (2,227), putouts (19,754), assists (1,444) and total chances (21,408). The lanky Vernon was listed as 6 feet 2 inches (1.88 m) tall and 170 pounds (77 kg); he batted and threw left-handed.
During World War II, he served in the United States Navy, missing the 1944 and 1945 seasons. He served with major league players Larry Doby and Billy Goodman on Ulithi in the South Pacific in 1945; both Goodman and Vernon personally inspired Doby to become a major league baseball player; Doby became the first African-American to break the baseball color line in the American League in 1947 with the Cleveland Indians.
Vernon played for 14 full major league seasons (400 at bats or more) in his 20-year career. He wound up batting over .335 twice, over .300 five times, and over .290 nine times. He was a two-time American League batting champion. In 1946, his .353 batting mark eclipsed Ted Williams' .342 by 11 points. Then, in 1953, Vernon's .337 average denied Cleveland's Al Rosen (.336) the Triple Crown by just one one-thousandth of a point. The following year, 1954, Vernon had a career high 20 home runs, 97 RBIs, and a career high 14 triples. He led the AL in doubles with a total of 33. He also had 294 total bases, which was second in the AL, behind Minnie Miñoso.
Over time, Vernon became one of the best-liked ballplayers, mainly through his unique personality and charismatic, but quiet, style. On September 1, 1960, after a season spent as the Pittsburgh Pirates' first-base coach, Vernon was placed on the active list when MLB rosters expanded to 40 men. He appeared in nine regular-season games as a pinch hitter for Pittsburgh, notching an RBI single and an intentional walk in his nine plate appearances to become one of only 29 players in baseball history to have appeared in a major league game in four decades. By his final game played, on September 27, 1960, he was, at 42, the oldest player in the National League by almost a year, and one of the most popular figures in the game. He appeared in 2,409 MLB games without playing in the postseason, third most in history behind Ernie Banks and Luke Appling. Notably, however, during Vernon's time on the active list, the Pirates clinched the NL pennant on September 25, and by the time the 1960 World Series began, Vernon had resumed his full-time coaching duties. He earned a World Series ring when the Bucs triumphed in seven games over the New York Yankees.
Vernon posted a career .286 batting average with 172 home runs and 1,311 RBIs in 2,409 games. The left-hander averaged 88 RBIs a year, and had 11 seasons with 80 or more, 3 with 90 or more. He scored 1,196 runs with 137 stolen bases and a .359 on-base percentage. His career slugging percentage was .428, with a career high of .518 in 1953. He compiled 2,495 hits, with 490 doubles and 120 triples, in 8,731 at bats. He had 3,741 career total bases, with his career high coming in 1953 (315).
Coaching and managingEdit
Vernon's career as a coach and manager began during his 1960 stint on the staff of his longtime friend, Pirates' skipper Danny Murtaugh.
The following year, in 1961, he returned to Washington when he was named manager of the expansion Senators in their first year of existence. Despite inheriting the name and home field of the 1901–60 Washington franchise, now the Minnesota Twins, the expansion Senators were hastily constructed with an undercapitalized ownership, an MLB roster of castoff players, and an almost-nonexistent farm system. In Vernon's two full seasons at the helm, 1961 and 1962, the Senators lost a combined 201 games. They were 14–26 and last in the ten-team American League when Vernon was fired on May 21, 1963. He finished with a career record of 135–227, a .373 winning percentage.
Vernon remained in the game into the 1980s a major league coach for the Pirates (returning there for a second term in 1964), St. Louis Cardinals (1965), Montreal Expos (1977–78) and Yankees (1982). He also managed at the Triple-A and Double-A levels of the minor leagues, and served as a roving batting instructor for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Kansas City Royals and Yankees before retiring from baseball.
Vernon died from a stroke at age 90, on September 24, 2008. He had resided in Media, Pennsylvania.
- MLB Record: Double plays at first base (2,044)
- American League All-Star (1946, 1948, 1953-1956, 1958)
- American League batting champion (1946, 1953)
- American League leader in doubles (1946, 1953, 1954)
- American League leader in extra base hits (1954)
- American League leader in fielding average (1950-1952, 1954)
- American League top 10 in MVP voting (1946, 1953, 1954)
- American League top 10 in triples (1941, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1951-1955)
In August 2008, he was named as one of the ten former players who began their careers before 1943 to be considered by the Veterans Committee for induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 2009.
Playing in four different decades (1939–60), Vernon ended his career with 2,237 games at first base, second to only Jake Beckley (2,377) in major league history. He led the American League in fielding percentage four times, and the majors twice.
He became one of the few first basemen to finish his career with a .990 fielding percentage, and participated in more double plays than any other.
- Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, 2009
- List of Major League Baseball career hits leaders
- List of Major League Baseball career doubles leaders
- List of Major League Baseball career triples leaders
- List of Major League Baseball career runs scored leaders
- List of Major League Baseball career runs batted in leaders
- List of Major League Baseball batting champions
- List of Major League Baseball annual doubles leaders
- List of Major League Baseball players who played in four decades
- List of Major League Baseball players to hit for the cycle
- List of St. Louis Cardinals coaches
- Goldstein, Richard (14 March 2015), "Al Rosen, Who Missed Triple Crown by a Step, Dies at 91." The New York Times
- Baseball Reference
- McCue, Andy, and Thompson, Eric (2011), "Mismanagement 101: The American League's Expansion of 1961." The National Pastime 2011, Society for American Baseball Research
- The Mickey Vernon Sports Museum
- Baseball Almanac
- Klemish, Dawn (February 24, 2007). "Line-drive hitting Vernon won pair of batting titles for Washington Senators". baseballhalloffame.org. Archived from the original on April 23, 2007 – via Wayback Machine.
- Westcott, Rich (2005). Mickey Vernon: The Gentleman First Baseman. Camino Books Inc. ISBN 0940159945.
- Westcott, Rich. "Mickey Vernon". SABR.
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Retrosheet
- Mickey Vernon managerial career statistics at Baseball-Reference.com
- Interview with Mickey Vernon conducted by Eugene Murdock, February 19, 1974, in Marietta, Ohio (40 minutes)
- Mickey Vernon at Find a Grave
| Hitting for the cycle
May 19, 1946
| Pittsburgh Pirates first-base coach
| St. Louis Cardinals first-base coach