Mickey One is a 1965 American neo noir crime film starring Warren Beatty and directed by Arthur Penn from a script by Alan Surgal.[1] Its kaleidoscopic camerawork, film noir atmosphere, lighting and design aspects, Kafkaesque paranoia, philosophical themes and Beatty's performance in the title role turned the film into a cult classic. Penn and Surgal ignored the usual conventions of narrative for a freewheeling approach to their dramatic devices and Chicago locations.

Mickey One
Mickey one moviep.jpg
original film poster
Directed byArthur Penn
Written byAlan Surgal
Produced byArthur Penn
StarringWarren Beatty
Alexandra Stewart
Hurd Hatfield
CinematographyGhislain Cloquet
Edited byAram Avakian
Music byEddie Sauter
Stan Getz (improvs)
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
Release date
  • September 27, 1965 (1965-09-27)
Running time
93 minutes
CountryUnited States


After incurring the wrath of the Mafia, a stand-up comic (Warren Beatty) flees Detroit for Chicago, taking the name Mickey One (from the ethnic name Miklos Wunejeva on a Social Security card he steals from a homeless man). He uses the card to get a job at a seedy diner hauling garbage. He saves up enough money from his low wages to rent a room at a local flop house and buy himself some new clothes. Eventually he returns to the stage as a stand-up comic, but is wary of becoming successful, afraid that he will attract too much attention. When he gets a booking at the upscale club Xanadu, he finds that his first rehearsal has become a special "audition" for an unseen man with a frightening, gruff voice (Aram Avakian). Paranoid that the mob has found him, Mickey runs away. He decides to find out who "owns" him and square himself with the mob. However, he doesn't know what he did to anger them or what his debt is. Searching for a mobster who will talk to him, he gets beaten up by several nightclub doormen. Mickey finally concludes that it's impossible to get away and be safe, so he pulls himself together and does his act anyway.

In traveling about the city, Mickey continually sees a mute mime-like character known only as The Artist (Kamatari Fujiwara). The Artist eventually unleashes his Rube Goldberg-like creation, a deliberately self-destructive machine called "Yes," an homage to the sculptor Jean Tinguely.[2]


Actor Role Notes
Warren Beatty Mickey One
Alexandra Stewart Jenny Drayton
Hurd Hatfield Ed Castle
Franchot Tone Rudy Lopp
Teddy Hart George Berson
Jeff Corey Larry Fryer
Kamatari Fujiwara The Artist
Donna Michelle The Girl
Ralph Foody Police Captain
Norman Gottschalk The Evangelist
Richard Lucas Employment Agent
Jack Goodman Cafe Manager
Jeri Jensen Helen
Charlene Lee The Singer
Aram Avakian Mickey's invisible tormentor in the theater uncredited
Taalkeus Blank the homeless man whose identity Mickey assumes uncredited

Release and receptionEdit

As the first major Hollywood studio film to display an extensive influence from the New Wave in the cinematography and editing, Mickey One received a good send-off at the 1965 New York Film Festival, and Penn received a nomination for a Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival. However, critical reaction was mostly negative. Bosley Crowther in The New York Times praised the visual style but claimed that the film was "pretentious and monotonous."[3] Time called the film, "never boring but never very precise, and finally goes to pieces amidst the crash of its own symbols."[4] In 1979, James Monaco wrote Mickey One 'except for Woody Allen's Interiors, is the most pretentious film by a major American filmmaker in the last thirty years'.[5]

Beatty and Penn did not get along while making this film. Beatty later recalled, "We had a lot of trouble on that film, because I didn't know what the hell Arthur was trying to do and I tried to find out ... I'm not sure that he knew himself" and added, "To me, the stand-up gags that the guy had to do in Mickey One were not funny and that was always my complaint with Arthur." Producer Harrison Starr recalled, "Warren and Arthur had go-arounds ... the role was basically a role of an eccentric, a person whose inner demons were reflected in the world he inhabited ... and I think that was difficult for Warren to play."[6] Nevertheless, Beatty and Penn soon teamed again for Bonnie and Clyde in 1967.


The rediscovery of the film began in 1995 with a booking at San Francisco's Castro Theater and a reevaluation by Peter Stack:

Mickey One is, in essence, a jazz film with an edgy style in which shadings and tone of voice are everything. It is laced with American idioms in its script by Alan Surgal, and most of Beatty's lines have a smart-alecky tone. When he goes on the run, Mickey meets a woman who wonders who he is (since he can't shake his show-biz patina) and he hits her with the line: "I'm the king of silent movies hiding out till the talkies blow over." In another place he verbally assaults a nightclub owner who can't figure out why Mickey's so edgy, saying, "I'm guilty of not being innocent." At the start we see pretty-boy Beatty as a hot comic in Detroit. He's got it all -- good looks, the swagger of a deft improviser -- and he's having a torrid affair with a blond siren. (The film is filled with women bursting with desire.) But fortune quickly turns -- witness to a torture murder in a back room, the comic flees, hoboes his way to Chicago's West Side and takes refuge in a junkyard. There he runs into another nightmarish scene -- police investigating a murder in an automobile crusher. The cinematic invention in Mickey One has been dismissed by some critics as contrivance. But Penn may have been decades ahead of his time in depicting an urban America as gallery of paranoia, cynicism and loneliness. In a classic scene, the comic is up against a brick wall auditioning at a nightclub, a single, powerful spotlight trained on him so he can't see into the audience. Penn creates an agonizing moment of a man talking awkwardly to God while looking as if he's standing before a firing squad.[excessive quote] [7]


The soundtrack was arranged by Eddie Sauter and performed by tenor saxophonist Stan Getz.[8]

The film's soundtrack, reverberating with hints of everything from Béla Bartók to bossa nova, reteamed Stan Getz with arranger Eddie Sauter, following their album Focus[9] (1961).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Amiri, Farnoush (2017-01-21). "Alan Surgal, Writer of 'Mickey One,' Dies at 100". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  2. ^ Crowther, Bosley. "Heels Old and New," The New York Times, September 9, 1965.
  3. ^ SCREEN: "MICKEY ONE" - The New York Times
  4. ^ Cinema: The Big Gamble - TIME
  5. ^ Monaco, James (1979). American Film Now. p. 264.
  6. ^ TCM.com
  7. ^ Stack, Peter. "Dark Side of Hollywood," San Francisco Chronicle, January 27, 1995.
  8. ^ Music from the Sound Track of Mickey One at AllMusic
  9. ^ Variety, January 1, 1965.

External linksEdit