Michelle Shocked (born Karen Michelle Johnston; February 24, 1962) is an American singer-songwriter. Her music has entered the Billboard Hot 100, been nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album, and received an award for Folk Album of the Year at the CMJ New Music Awards.
|Birth name||Karen Michelle Johnston|
|Born||February 24, 1962|
|Labels||Mercury/PolyGram, Private Music|
Early life edit
Shocked was born Karen Michelle Johnston on February 24, 1962, in Dallas, Texas, at the Baylor University Medical Center. Her stepfather was in the US Army and the family moved from base to base, eventually settling in Gilmer, Texas. She was raised in a Mormon family. Johnston went through a punk rock phase, wearing a Mohawk hairdo and squatting in abandoned buildings in San Francisco, California.
In 1984, Johnston adopted the stage name "Michelle Shocked", a play on the expression "shell shocked", she said in a 1992 interview with Green Left Weekly: "The term 'Miss shell shocked' is a direct reference to the thousand-yard stare, which was a term that they first used to describe the victims of shell-shock in World War I. These people from outward appearances had survived the war quite well when in fact inside their minds were blown. I first used that name in 1984 at the Democratic Convention in San Francisco where I was arrested for protesting and demonstrating against corporations who contribute money to both the Democratic Party and the Republican Party campaigns."
Shocked received her first international exposure after Pete Lawrence recorded her performance on a portable tape recorder at the Kerrville Folk Festival in Texas. Lawrence released the tape in Europe as The Texas Campfire Tapes (1986) (later released as The Texas Campfire Takes). The album's success brought major labels asking her to sign a contract. Shocked was resistant to what she saw as the machinations of the music industry, and worked to retain a degree of creative control.
Mercury trilogy edit
Her first US success came with the release of her 1988 debut album, Short Sharp Shocked, on college radio rotations around the country, which was met with strong acclaim from listeners. The debut single, "Anchorage", charted on the Billboard Hot 100, but a follow-up single from the album, "When I Grow Up", did not chart. Short Sharp Shocked was the first album in what Shocked later described as a "trilogy" for Mercury Records.
The second album in the trilogy, Captain Swing, was released in 1989. Described by reviewer Chris Woodstra as an album of "swing and big-band music" that "no one expected," the album was promoted with the release of "On the Greener Side", a gender-reversed parody of Robert Palmer's 1986 single "Addicted to Love", in which topless male models performed the motions made famous by the female models in Palmer's video.
The trilogy concluded with her 1992 album, Arkansas Traveler. Her desire to have the cover portray her in blackface in tribute to the roots of the music featured on the album drew criticism and a change in the cover art. However, the album received little commercial notice, and Shocked parted ways with the label following an acrimonious lawsuit.
Post-Mercury years edit
In 1995, Shocked contributed an original song to the soundtrack for the film Dead Man Walking called "Quality of Mercy." In 1996, she released a studio version of Kind Hearted Woman on the short-lived Private Music label.
Starting in 2002 with the release of Deep Natural, Shocked established her own label, Mighty Sound. She reissued expanded versions of her entire catalog, made possible by having retained complete ownership of her work when she signed with Mercury in 1987.
Shocked continues to make music as an independent artist. In June 2005, she released a trilogy of albums called Threesome (Don't Ask Don't Tell, Mexican Standoff and Got No Strings). In May 2007, she released the album ToHeavenURide; and in September 2009, Soul of My Soul.
Soul of My Soul remains Shocked's last released recording to date. She toured consistently through 2013, then took time off before resuming live performances and touring in 2016.
Personal life edit
Shocked's younger brother is the musician and multi-instrumentalist Max Johnston, of Uncle Tupelo, Wilco and The Gourds.
In 1992, Shocked married journalist Bart Bull. They divorced in 2004. She reported in 2007 that she was in a relationship with Disney artist David Willardson, with whom she had first worked in 2001 when he designed the branding for her record label Mighty Sound. Willardson has since designed album covers for Deep Natural and for Shocked's album reissues. Willardson and Shocked share an artist's studio in the Biscuit Company Lofts.
According to Gay 100 author Paul Russell, in 1989 she joked to a US broadcast television audience that the Grammy award for Best Contemporary Folk Recording, whose nominees included herself, eventual winner Tracy Chapman, Phranc, and Indigo Girls, should have been called "Best Lesbian Vocalist". Shocked herself remembers that she joked the award "could have been called 'They Might Be Lesbians'".
After an Earth Day performance in Chicago in April 1990, she gave an interview to Christie L. Nordhielm of Outlines, a Chicago newspaper for the gay community. Accompanied by future husband, journalist Bart Bull, she told Nordhielm she felt boxed in by listener expectations that she was either straight or gay; she said "I would like a much broader definition for myself." She explained her wish to be politically and sexually subversive by saying, "I resent like hell that I was maybe 18 years old before I even heard the 'L' word. I mean, that's understood, growing up sheltered in a Mormon environment. But it would have made all the difference for me had I grown up knowing that the reason I didn't fit in, was because they hadn't told me there were more categories to fit into." She said she did not condone the outing activities engaged in by members of ACT UP.
Since then, Shocked has been listed as bisexual in reference books, and does not self-identify as a lesbian. In a 2013 interview with CNN, Shocked stated "I am, for the last 10 years, so deeply in love with a man that the idea of living my life without him is impossible. I know how much I love him, and knowing that passion that I have for him, would I ever want to deny that to anyone else? Absolutely not."
Religion and views on homosexuality edit
While performing at the Wild Goose Festival in June 2011, a Christian event at which the inclusion of gay Christians was debated, Shocked responded to an audience member's question about homosexuality by saying "Who drafted me as a gay icon? You are looking at the world's greatest homophobe. Ask God what He thinks."
On March 17, 2013, Shocked made an impromptu speech against same-sex marriage during a concert at Yoshi's nightclub in San Francisco, which led some audience members to leave in protest and the club's management to end the show. All venues eventually cancelled scheduled performances of her "Roadworks Tour" in response to reports of Shocked's remarks. In a March 20, 2013, email to the news media, Shocked apologized, saying that her comments had been misinterpreted, and that she was not describing her own opinions about homosexuality, but rather those of some Christians. An audio recording of the performance was reported as contradicting Shocked's post-performance explanation.
On April 1, 2013, Shocked appeared on CNN's Piers Morgan Live to clarify her remarks. Morgan asked Shocked three times whether she was "homophobic". Eventually, Shocked stated "If you want to keep this simple for the audience, let me just give you a straight no, I'm not homophobic. But the truth, I don't think, lies in the simplicity. It's in the nuance, and that's been completely lost in this." She said that the meaning behind her prior comments was misinterpreted.
Political activity edit
A photograph of Shocked being detained during a protest that appears on the cover of her 1988 album Short Sharp Shocked was taken by Chris Hardy of the San Francisco Examiner at a protest in San Francisco during the 1984 Democratic National Convention. Years later, Shocked was arrested during the November 29, 2011, eviction of the Occupy Los Angeles movement.
Shocked was honored as having the Folk Album of the Year at the CMJ New Music Awards ceremony in late October 1989, taped in New York City for later broadcast. The award recognized the popularity of Short Sharp Shocked with college radio listeners.
|Title||Details||Peak chart positions|
|The Texas Campfire Tapes||—||—||—||—|
|Short Sharp Shocked||
|Artists Make Lousy Slaves
(with Fiachna O'Braonain)
|Kind Hearted Woman||
(with The Anointed Earls)
|Don't Ask Don't Tell||
|Got No Strings||
|Soul of My Soul||
Michelle Shocked has re-released her Mercury releases in expanded form on her own Mighty Sound imprint
- Texas Campfire Takes (April 22, 2003) – two-disc expanded reissue of The Texas Campfire Tapes
- Short Sharp Shocked (September 23, 2003) – two-disc set
- Captain Swing (March 16, 2004)
- Arkansas Traveler (September 14, 2004)
- Mercury Poise: 1988–1995 (Mercury, 1996)
- Shockolates (Mighty Sound, 2004)
- Threesome (Mighty Sound, 2005) – compiles Don't Ask Don't Tell, Mexican Standoff, and Got No Strings
Other releases edit
- Live (Mercury, 1990) – promo only 12" EP with five tracks recorded live at the Oxford Apollo, London on 12 December 1989
- Captain Swing Review (Polygram, 1990) – live concert film, VHS
- Michelle Shocked DVD (Mighty Sound, 2004) – compilation
|US||US Mod||US MSR||AUS
|"Anchorage"||1988||66||16||—||51||60||Short Sharp Shocked|
|"If Love Was a Train"||—||20||33||—||63|
|"When I Grow Up"||—||—||—||108||67|
|"On the Greener Side"||1989||—||19||—||118||—||Captain Swing|
|"Come a Long Way"||1992||—||—||—||100||—||Arkansas Traveler|
- The Great Rock Discography (6 ed.). The National Academies. 2002. p. 141. ISBN 1841953121.
- Kusner, Daniel (March 20, 2013) [Originally published April 2008]. "Michelle Shocked: Dallas Voice's controversial interview from 2008 - Michelle Shocked Believes Being Gay is a Sin". Dallas Voice. Archived from the original on March 14, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
- Michelle Shocked, Taking Stock – The Washington Post Retrieved 2018-04-17.
- Nordhielm, Christie (May 1990). "'Shocking' Revelations from Michelle Shocked". OutLines. p. 25. Republished May 7, 2008 as: "Shocked's change; Carly widens her net". Archived from the original on March 14, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
- "The mellowing of 'Miss Shell Shocked'". Green Left Weekly. September 6, 2016.
- Laura Mann, "53 Years Into The Billboard Hot 100's History, A Look At Every Dallas Song To Make The Chart", Blogs.dallasobserver.com, retrieved March 29, 2014
- "Michelle Shocked - When I Grow Up". Discogs. 1989.
- "Bio - Michelle Shocked". Archived from the original on March 31, 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
- "Captain Swing - Michelle Shocked | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic.
- David Byrne with Tony Peregrin, "Pop Making Sense" (PDF), p. 16
- Caughie, Pamela L. (1999). Passing and Pedagogy: The Dynamics of Responsibility. University of Illinois Press. pp. 54–. ISBN 9780252067709. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
- Nick Spacek, "Michelle Shocked", Houstonpress.com, retrieved March 29, 2014
- Westerly, Mal (February 25, 2009), Michelle Shocked Back with "Soul of My Soul" Album..., MusicNewsNet.com
- "The Mercury Trilogy Tour | Michelle Shocked". Michelleshocked.com.
- Locke, Jesse (November 13, 2019). "These musicians are taking a stand against Spotify". NOW Magazine. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
- Rogers, Jude (July 31, 2005). "Keep the campfire burning, Michelle". The Observer. London. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
- Purcell, Andrew (December 15, 2007). "Shocked Tactics". Scotland Herald.
- Shocked, Michelle; Willardson, David (2010). "About Willywear". Michelle Shocked. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
- Leonard, Gary (October 15, 2010). "What's in My Loft?: Michelle Shocked, Biscuit Company Lofts – An Urban Temple in the Arts District". Los Angeles Downtown News. Civic Center News.
- Russell, Paul (2002). The Gay 100. Kensington. p. 331. ISBN 0758201001.
- Kusner, Daniel (March 20, 2013) [Originally published April 2008]. "Michelle Shocked: Dallas Voice's controversial interview from 2008 - Michelle Shocked Believes Being Gay is a Sin". Dallas Voice. Archived from the original on March 14, 2022. Retrieved March 14, 2022. Following this 2008 interview, the Dallas Voice responded to Shocked's request for specifics from the 1990 Outlines interview with:
- "Michelle Shocked said what? 1990 Outlines interview surfaces" Dallas Voice April 25, 2008:
- "Dallas Voice contributor Rex Wockner battled ...to dig out his May 1990 issue of OutLines, the Chicago paper that contained Michelle Shocked's "coming out" interview... By the way, OutLines merged into Windy City Times in 2000. In last week’s edition of Dallas Voice, Shocked demanded that I quote her what the article said. Well, here’s just one tidbit that might have made people think she came out as a lesbian:
- 'I was with my first woman lover about a year and a half ago. To be honest, the real fear of coming out of the closet, not fear, but the real pressures of coming out of the closet had been if you had certain problems identifying yourself one way or the other.' "
- Gross, Larry (2012). Up from Invisibility: Lesbians, Gay Men, and the Media in America. Columbia University Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0231529327.
- Mockus, Martha (2000). "Music, Women's". In Bonnie Zimmerman (ed.). Lesbian Histories and Cultures: An Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. Taylor & Francis. p. 523 523. ISBN 0815319207.
- Willman, Chris (April 2, 2013). "Michelle Shocked on 'Piers Morgan': Evasive, Incoherent, Says 'I'm Not Homophobic'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "Wild Goose Festival's (Mostly) Welcoming Spirit for LGBT Christians". Religion Dispatches. August 1, 2011. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- Avery, Dan (March 18, 2013). "Alt-Folk Singer Michelle Shocked Goes on Homophobic Rant, Tells Audience 'God Hates Fags'". Queerty.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Garchik, Leah (March 18, 2013). "Shocked show shut down over gay slur". SFGate.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Caro, Mark (March 18, 2013). "Michelle Shocked: anti-gay rant triggers Evanston cancellation". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- Garchik, Leah (March 20, 2013). "Michelle Shocked: 'I'm damn sorry'". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- White, Ryan (March 20, 2013). "Michelle Shocked issues two statements, and audio of her Yoshi's show emerges". The Oregonian. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Schneider, Mark (March 20, 2013). "Michelle Shocked Speaks Out as Full Audio of Meltdown Emerges". Billboard. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Kreps, Daniel (March 20, 2013). "Audio of Michelle Shocked's 'Anti-Gay' Rant Reveals Only Confusion – She contradicts her apology, but also appears addled". Spin. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "LA Times Posts Names of Those Arrested at Occupy LA, Stories Begin to Unfold About What Happened During the Raid: LAist". Gothamist. Archived from the original on May 29, 2012. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- "Protesters arrested at Occupy L.A. – Spreadsheets – Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times. December 1, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Peaks in the United States:
- Peaks of albums in Australia:
- Short Sharp Shocked: Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992: 23 years of hit singles & albums from the top 100 charts. St Ives, N.S.W, Australia: Australian Chart Book. p. 273. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- Arkansas Traveler: "Discography Michelle Shocked". australian-charts.com. Retrieved November 13, 2022.
- Captain Swing: Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010 (PDF ed.). Mt Martha, Victoria, Australia: Moonlight Publishing. p. 251.
- "Discography Michelle Shocked". charts.nz. Retrieved November 13, 2022.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 496. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "Michelle Shocked - Live". Discogs. 1990.
- "Mood Swing". Discogs.
- "Mighty Sound". Discogs.
- Peaks of singles in Australia:
- "Anchorage" (Australian Music Report): Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992: 23 years of hit singles & albums from the top 100 charts. St Ives, N.S.W, Australia: Australian Chart Book. p. 273. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Come a Long Way" (ARIA Charts): Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010 (PDF ed.). Mt Martha, Victoria, Australia: Moonlight Publishing. p. 251.
- "ARIA chart history 1988 to 2022, received from ARIA in 2022". ARIA. Retrieved December 2, 2023 – via Imgur.com. N.B. The High Point number in the NAT column represents the release's peak on the national chart.