Michalis Karaolis

Michalis Karaolis (Greek: Μιχαλάκης Καραολής; 13 February 1933 – 10 May 1956) was a Cypriot public official and revolutionary. Born in the village of Palaichori Oreinis of Pitsilia, Karaolis worked as a government clerk and a member of EOKA. He was the first to be sentenced to death and hanged alongside Andreas Dimitriou on 10 May 1956.[1]

Michalis Karaolis
Μιχαλάκης Καραολής
Born(1933-02-13)13 February 1933
Died10 May 1956(1956-05-10) (aged 23)
Michalis Karaolis monument in Nicosia

Life and workEdit

Michalis Karaolis was born on 13 February 1933 in Palaichori Oreinis, Cyprus. He finished primary school in Palaichori and The English School in Nicosia. He worked as a tax clerk.[2] During the 1955–59 national uprising against the British, many of APOEL's athletes and members of the club were active members of EOKA (the National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters). The most outstanding example being the club's track and field athlete Michalis Karaolis.

Albert Camus appealed to Queen Elizabeth for Michalis Karaolis

He was a member of EOKA long before 1955 in group headed by Polycarpos Giorkatzis. On 28 August 1955 he carried out the public execution of P.C. Michael Poullis, a Cypriot police officer, of the Special Branch who had been spying on the Nicosia groups of EOKA and interfering with their work. The assassination was carried out in broad daylight whilst P.C. Poullis was on duty at an AKEL meeting at the Ledra Palace.[3]

Karaolis was captured on his way to meet Grigoris Afxentiou's guerillas in the Kyrenia mountains, following General George Grivas' orders.[4]

Field Marshal Harding chose to announce Karaolis' death sentence on 28 October, an important Greek national holiday marking the refusal of Greece to surrender to the Axis Powers in the Second World War, and that hugely inflamed public feeling.[5]

Nasos Ktorides handing out Albert Camus letter about Caraolis to President Tassos Papadopoulos


He was 23 years old when he was executed for the murder of P.C. Poullis and buried in the Imprisoned Graves in the Central Jail of Nicosia.[6]

French philosopher and Nobel Prize winner Albert Camus appealed to Queen Elizabeth for mercy.[7] That letter was acquired by philanthropist and entrepreneur Nasos Ktorides and donated to the National Struggle Museum in Nicosia.[8][9]

The hangings were condemned internationally and caused serious demonstrations and unrest in Greece.[10] The Athens police failed to suppress a huge demonstration and a riot developed in which 7 people were killed and 200 people were injured. The Mayor of Athens protested by taking a hammer to a commemorative marble plaque dedicated in honour of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip while a crowd cheered and applauded and there were many more similar scenes in Greece.[11]


  1. ^ Grivas (1964) p. 71
  2. ^ CYPRUS: Deepening Tragedy, Time May. 21, 1956
  3. ^ Grivas (1964) p. 42
  4. ^ Grivas (1964) p. 42
  5. ^ Grivas (1964) p. 50
  6. ^ Grivas (1964) p. 71
  7. ^ Demetra Demetriou The pleiade in Cyprus: French authors and the island of Aphrodite p.303
  8. ^ Remembering Karaolis - a historical document by Albert Camus, Financial mirror 28 March 2017
  9. ^ "Press release 20170317, Nicosia 17. March 2017". Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  10. ^ Demonstrations in Greece
  11. ^ Grivas (1964) p. 72