Michael James Breaugh (September 13, 1942 – November 22, 2019) was a Canadian politician. He served in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1975 to 1990, and in the House of Commons of Canada from 1990 to 1993.
|Member of Parliament for Oshawa|
|Preceded by||Ed Broadbent|
|Succeeded by||Ivan Grose|
|Preceded by||Charles McIlveen|
|Succeeded by||Allan Pilkey|
|Born||September 13, 1942|
Kingston, Ontario, Canada
|Died||November 22, 2019 (aged 77)|
Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
|Political party||New Democrat|
Ontario New Democrat
Breaugh was educated at Peterborough Teachers' College, Queen's University and the University of Toronto. A teacher by training, he served on the executive of the Ontario English Catholic Teachers Association.
The NDP had seemed poised for an electoral breakthrough in 1977, but instead fell from second to third-place status in the legislature. When Stephen Lewis stepped down as Ontario NDP leader in 1978, Breaugh ran to succeed him. He received 499 votes at the 1978 NDP leadership convention, finishing a strong third in a field of three candidates. Most of his supporters went to Michael Cassidy rather than presumed frontrunner Ian Deans on the second ballot, giving Cassidy a narrow victory.
Breaugh had a poor relationship with Bob Rae, who replaced Cassidy as party leader in 1982. The NDP experienced a modest recovery under Rae in the 1985 provincial election, and Breaugh was again re-elected by a significant margin in Oshawa. In the 1987 election, he defeated Liberal candidate Cathy O'Flynn by the reduced margin of 2,916 votes as the Liberals won a landslide provincial majority.
Breaugh often clashed with Rae in the 1980s, criticising his leadership. In 1990, he left Queen's Park and ran for a seat in the House of Commons of Canada, in a by-election called in the federal Oshawa riding to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of former New Democratic Party leader Ed Broadbent. Breaugh again defeated O'Flynn to win the by-election, which was held on August 13, a month before the 1990 Ontario election that brought Rae's NDP to power.
Rae's government was largely responsible for Breaugh's defeat at the polls in 1993. The provincial NDP had by this time lost much of its support from organized labour, through austerity legislation known as the Social Contract. This had a detrimental effect on the federal NDP, which lost all of its Ontario seats in the 1993 federal election. Breaugh was reduced to a fourth-place finish in Oshawa, where the local branch of the Canadian Auto Workers had previously disaffiliated from the NDP.
- "Table of vote results for all Ontario ridings". The Globe and Mail. September 19, 1975. p. C12.
- "Ontario provincial election results riding by riding". The Globe and Mail. June 10, 1977. p. D9.
- Johnson, Arthur (February 6, 1978). "Late-peaking momentum overcomes Deans Cassidy succeeds Lewis as Ontario NDP leader". The Globe and Mail. p. P1.
- Canadian Press (1981-03-20). "Winds of change, sea of security". The Windsor Star. Windsor, Ontario. p. 22. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
- "Results of vote in Ontario election". The Globe and Mail. May 3, 1985. p. 13.
- "Results from individual ridings". The Windsor Star. September 11, 1987. p. F2.
- Trickey, Mike (August 14, 1990). "NDP easily retains Ed Broadbent's seat". Edmonton Journal. p. A3.
- "Results may be more complete than as published Riding-by-riding results from across Canada Ontario Algoma". Toronto Star. October 26, 1993. p. B10.
- Lee, Prokaska (June 21, 1996). "Workers need voice on pensions, MPP says". The Spectator. Hamilton, Ont. p. A9.
- "Michael James Breaugh Obituary - Courtice, ON". Dignitymemorial.com. Retrieved 2019-11-26.
- "Longtime Oshawa MP and MPP Michael Breaugh dead at 78". Durham Radio News. Retrieved 2019-11-26.