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Mexican Naval Aviation

The Mexican Naval Aviation (FAN; Spanish: Fuerza AeroNaval, literally "Naval Air Force"), is the naval air arm of the Mexican Navy. The Mexican Navy is divided into two naval fleets: Pacific Ocean and Gulf of Mexico.[1][2]

Fuerza AeroNaval
Mexican Naval Aviation
Mexican Naval Air Force
Roundel of Mexico - Naval Aviation.svg
Mexican Naval AirForce seal
Active since 1918
Country Mexico Mexico
Branch Mexican Navy
Type Naval aviation
Role Aerial Surveillance, Troop Transport, Search and Rescue
A Mi-8 helicopter of the Mexican Naval Air Force stands by for passengers on the flight deck aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Bataan, off the coast of Mississippi in 2005
A Mexican Naval Air Force BO-105 helicopter in 2002
A Mexican Naval Air Force CASA C-212-400E Aviocar cargo plane in 2007

Contents

HistoryEdit

Naval aviation for Mexico dates back its roots all the way to 1918, when an indigenous made float biplane was successfully tested at the Port of Veracruz, the aircraft was flown by Carlos Santa Ana. In the year 1926 a squadron of float planes were designed and made for the Mexican Navy, but without personnel. Carlos Castillo Breton, became the very first Naval pilot in 1927 after training in The U.S. and in Mexico. Between 1927 and 1943, some aircraft were acquired, with a total of seven naval officers gaining their wings, although some of these joined the Mexican Air Force. World War II saw the creation of the Naval Aviation school in 1943 at Las Bajadas, Veracruz. These were also ex-FAM aircraft, used to patrol the Gulf of Mexico for German submarines and were later used for training at the Naval Aviation School.

Years after the war, the role of Mexican Naval Aviation were assigned as supporting the ground and sea naval units in Search & Rescue, coastal patrol and assistance to the general population in case of emergencies or disasters.

Times of ModernizationEdit

In the nineties, the Mexican navy started to acquire Russian built aircraft and helicopters like the Mil Mi-2, Mil Mi-8 and Antonov An-32B, also purchasing French, U.S. and German made helicopters and even Finnish built L-90 Redigo. In 1999, the Mexican navy started a programme to build kit planes and light helicopters at Las Bajadas, Veracruz.

As of 2001, Mexican naval aviation reported to have 118 aircraft, of which 68 are fixed wing in 9 squadrons and 50 helicopters in 9 squadrons, either in land bases or assigned on board of ocean patrol boats and frigates.

More recent purchases to the fleet were three ex-IDF/AF E-2C Hawkeyes, the first arriving in early July 2004. At the end of the same month, the first two EADS upgraded C212-200 Aviocars flew back to Mexico, with the remainder six being upgraded at BAN Las Bajadas. The most recent purchase are two AS565 Panthers. These helicopters will perform shipborne duties.[3]

StructureEdit

The factor of the country's geographical position, requires the deployment of units and aircraft facilities, allowing The Mexican Navy to exercise its naval power.[4]

Gulf of Mexico Naval Air Force – HQ in Tuxpan, Veracruz

Pacific Naval Air Force – HQ in Manzanillo, Colima

Mexico City Naval Air Base

Aircraft fleetEdit

The aircraft quantities are approximate,[5][6] and estimated to be 68 airplanes and 57 helicopters.[7][8][9]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service
Combat aircraft
Valmet L-90 Finland Combat/Counter Insurgency L-90TP 7
Beechcraft T-6 Texan II US Training/Counter Insurgency T-6C+ 2 [10][11]
Trainers
Zlin Z-242 Czech Republic Training Z-242L 8[12]
Maule M-7 U.S. Training MX-7-180A 8
Transports
Antonov An-32 Ukraine Tactical transport An-32B 3
CASA C-295[13][14] Spain Tactical transport C295M 8
Bombardier Dash 8 Canada Tactical transport DH-8 1
Turbo Commander U.S. Transport 980 Turbo 4
Learjet U.S. VIP transport LJ25 1
Learjet U.S. VIP transport LJ31 2
Learjet U.S. VIP transport LJ60 1
Gulfstream IV U.S. VIP transport G450 1
Beechcraft King Air U.S. Utility transport 350ER 1[15]
Reconnaissance and Intelligence
CASA C-212 Spain Surveillance C-212-400 7[16]
CASA CN-235 Spain Surveillance CN-235MP 300 2
Lancair U.S. Reconnaissance IV-P
Super ES
Legacy 2000
3
3
2
Helicopters
Bölkow Bo 105 Germany Surveillance EC-Super Five 11
Eurocopter Caracal France Search & rescue EC-725AP 6[9]
Eurocopter Fennec France Search & rescue AS555AF 2
Eurocopter Panther France Combat AS565MB 10[17]
MD Helicopters MD 500 U.S. Training MD-500 4
Mil Mi-2 Russia Transport Mi-2 Hopite 1
Mil Mi-17 Russia Transport Mi-17IV/V5 23 + 3
MD Helicopters MD Explorer U.S. Combat MD-902 6
Sikorsky UH-60 Blackhawk U.S. Transport and combat UH-60M 14 + 8
UAV
UAV SEMAR Mexico Reconnaissance/Intelligence T1 / T2 / T3 3

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 August 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2009.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 September 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
  4. ^ http://semar.gob.mx/aeronaval/aeronautica.html
  5. ^ Mexican Navy Aircraft Archived 23 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Mexican Navy's new purchases
  7. ^ Aranda, Jesus (14 December 2009). "La flota de Ejército y Armada consta de 480 aeronaves". La Jornada (in Spanish). Retrieved 2009-12-14.
  8. ^ Raúl Benítez Manaut; Abelardo Rodríguez Sumano; Armando Rodríguez Luna (2009). Atlas de la Seguridad y la Defensa de México 2009. México D. F.: Colectivo de Analisis de la Seguridad con Democracia (CASEDE). pp. 369 pp. ISBN 978-607-95380-0-2. Archived from the original on 24 February 2010.
  9. ^ a b Air Forces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. April 2013. p. 21.
  10. ^ "Mexican Navy Places Initial Order for Beechcraft T-6C+ Trainers". 3 April 2014.
  11. ^ "Beechcraft". Beechcraft Newsroom. Archived from the original on 24 November 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  12. ^ Moravan in the Armada de México Archived 25 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ http://www.sedena.gob.mx/revistae/2015/febrero/index.html
  14. ^ http://www.militaryaircraft-airbusds.com/Portals/0/Images/Aircraft/OrdersAndDeliveries/AMOrdersDeliveries.pdf
  15. ^ Gomora, Doris (21 August 2014). "Recibe Marina tres aeronaves para entrenamiento". El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-08-22.
  16. ^ http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/Persuader-Patrol-Planes-for-Mexicos-Maritime-05372/
  17. ^ Recibe la Marina dos helicópteros Panther nuevos para intercepción y rescate. (in Spanish) Jorge Medellin, Estado Mayor. 8 December 2017.