Meshulam Dovid Soloveitchik

Meshulam Dovid Soloveitchik (Hebrew: משולם דוד סולובייצ'יק also known as Reb Dovid or Rav Dovid; 21 October 1921 – 31 January 2021) was a Haredi rabbi and rosh yeshiva of one of the branches of the Brisk yeshivas in Jerusalem.

Rabbi

Dovid Soloveitchik
רבי משולם דוד הלוי סולובייצ'יק.jpg
TitleRosh Yeshivas Brisk
Personal
Born
Meshulam Dovid Soloveitchik

21 October 1921
Died31 January 2021 (aged 99)
Jerusalem, Israel
ReligionJudaism
SpouseYehudis Shternbuch
ChildrenYitzchok Zev Soloveitchik (II)
Asher Soloveitchik
Hendel Kaplan
Parent(s)Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik and Alte Hindl Auerbach
DenominationHaredi[1]
Jewish leader
PredecessorYitzchok Zev Soloveitchik
SuccessorVelvel (Yitzchok Zev) Soloveitchik[2]
PositionRosh yeshiva
YeshivaBrisk Yeshiva, Jerusalem
Began12 October 1959
Ended31 January 2021
BuriedHar Hamenuchot
ResidenceJerusalem
DynastySoloveitchik

Early lifeEdit

Meshulam Dovid Soloveitchik was the fifth of twelve children and the third son born to Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik and Alte Hindl, daughter of Chaim Auerbach (not to be confused with Chaim Yehuda Leib Auerbach).[3] His exact date of his birth is unknown: some sources state his birth on 19 Tishrei 5682 which would be 21 October 1921,[4] while others say he was born in 1922.[5] He was named "Meshulam" after his maternal great grandfather, Meshulam Auerbach (who had also proposed the shidduch between his parents),[6] and "Dovid" after his maternal grandmother's second husband, Dovid Mintz. Growing up in Brest-Litovsk (Brisk) where his father served as rabbi, he attended the local Talmud Torah, Mekor Chaim, but at the age of twelve, his father recognized that he was too advanced for the Talmud Torah and sent him to study in Yeshiva Toras Chesed, a yeshiva for older students led by Moshe Sokolovski [he].[5]

Soloveitchik learned in the Kamenitz Yeshiva under Boruch Ber Leibovitz. At age 19, Soloveitchik emigrated to Mandatory Palestine with his father during World War II, and they settled in Jerusalem. He married Yehudis[7] the daughter of Asher Sternbuch of London.[8] He was the brother-in-law of Moshe Sternbuch, Chanoch Ehrentreu and Yitzchok Arieli.

Rosh yeshivaEdit

 
Meshulam Dovid Soloveitchik with students

In the late 1970s, Soloveitchik opened his yeshiva in the Gush Shemonim section of the Givat Moshe neighborhood of Jerusalem, and served there as rosh yeshiva (dean).[9] Brisk yeshivas in Israel are attended by select young Talmudists, mainly from the United States.

He did not personally publish any works on the Talmud, but many of his works have been published by his students, especially in the latest Mishor prints of his father's works. He rarely gave approbations to new books.

Soloveitchik was considered by Briskers to be one of the last authentic remnants of a pre-World War II Jewish Lithuania, and is often quoted for his memories of his father's and grandfather's lives and teachings.[10][11][12][13]

FamilyEdit

Soloveitchik's eldest son, Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik (II), who is the son in-law of Berel Povarsky, was a maggid shiur (lecturer) in his father's yeshiva.[14] When Meshulam Dovid died, Yitzchok Zev became the rosh yeshiva.[2]

Soloveitchik's daughter Hendel[7] is married to Nechemya Kaplan, rosh yeshiva of Yeshiva Shaar HaTalmud in Jerusalem.[15]

DeathEdit

Soloveitchik died on 31 January 2021 at the age of 99,[16] with ten thousand mourners turning out to attend his funeral.[17] He was buried beside his father on Har Hamenuchos.[2]

It was announced at the funeral, that in accordance with the wishes of the deceased, his oldest son Yitzchok Zev will succeed his father as rosh yeshiva of Brisk.[2]

WorksEdit

Notable studentsEdit

Brisker rabbinic dynastyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Leiman, Sid (10 March 2016). "A Picture and its One Thousand Words: The Old Vilna Jewish Cemetery Revisited". Defending History. Retrieved 22 December 2019. [Meshulam Dovid Soloveitchik] was a leader of the Haredi community in Israel.
  2. ^ a b c d "BARUCH DAYAN HaEmes: HaGaon HaRav Dovid Soloveitchik, Z'TL, Thousands Attend Levaya". the Yeshiva World.com. 31 January 2021. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  3. ^ Freund, Rabbi Tuvia. "Exploring the Pesach Preparations of the Brisker Rav, zt"l". Hamodia. Archived from the original on 18 December 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
  4. ^ Meller, pp. 134–135.
  5. ^ a b Broide, Avrohom (5 February 2021). "Rav Dovid's Early Life & Hatzolah from Nazis". Yated Ne'eman. 33. Retrieved 6 August 2021.
  6. ^ Meller, pp. 115–116.
  7. ^ a b "Hagaon Harav Meshulam Dovid Soloveitchik, Zt"l, Rosh Yeshivas Brisk". Hamodia. 31 January 2021. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  8. ^ "Marrying Soloveitchik".
  9. ^ S. Baruchi (21 May 2003). "HaRav Yechiel Michel Feinstein, zt'l". Dei'ah veDibur. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  10. ^ Weinstock, Yair (June 1999). Tales for the Soul: A famous novelist retells classic stories with passion and spirit. Vol. I. p. vii. ISBN 1-57819-286-2.
  11. ^ Parkoff, Eliezer; Linas, Eliezer (2002). Trust me: An anthology of emunah and bitachon. Feldheim Publishers. p. 31. ISBN 1-58330-531-9.
  12. ^ Shtern, Mosheh Aharon; Goldstein, Yitzchok Meir (2000). From a Pure Fire. p. 12. ISBN 1-58330-448-7.
  13. ^ Shain, Ruchoma (2001). All for the Boss: The life and impact of R' Yaakov Yosef Herman, a Torah Pioneer in America. Feldheim Publishers. p. 359. ISBN 1-58330-470-3.
  14. ^ Meller, Shimon Yosef (2007). The Brisker Rav: The Life and Times of Maran Hagaon HaRav Yitzchok Ze'ev HaLevi Soloveichik : Including Stories of the Great City of Brisk from Its Establishment as a Torah Center Until Its Destruction During the Holocaust. ISBN 9781583309698.
  15. ^ Shimon Yosef Meller (2007). The Brisker Rav: The Life and Times of Maran HaGaon Yitzchok. Volume 1. ISBN 9781583309698.
  16. ^ Brisk Yeshiva head, Rabbi Meshulam Dovid Soloveitchik, passes away at 99
  17. ^ TOI STAFF (31 January 2021). "For 2nd time in day, thousands attend funeral of rabbi, flouting lockdown rules". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  18. ^ "Today's Yahrtzeits and History – 8 Kislev". Matzav.com. 24 November 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  19. ^ Koppel, Y. (6 April 2016). "Rav Chaim Yosef Goldberg zt"l". Yated.com. Yated Ne’eman. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  20. ^ Weiss, Yoni (31 March 2016). "Rabbi Chaim Yosef Goldberg, z"l". Hamodia.com. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Rav Chaim Yosef Goldberg zt"l, Legendary Baal Chesed". Matzav.com. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  22. ^ "Rav Yitzchok Lichtenstein Inaugurated as Rosh Yeshiva at Yeshiva Torah Vodaath". YeshivaWorld.com. 20 October 2018. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  23. ^ Berman, Yehoshua. "Tribute to Rabbi Moshe Twersky 2". Chazaq.org. Retrieved 31 January 2021.

SourcesEdit