Merry Hill (formerly intu Merry Hill, Westfield Merry Hill and The Merry Hill Shopping Centre) is a large shopping complex in Brierley Hill near Dudley, England. It was developed between 1985 and 1990, with several subsequent expansion and renovation projects. The centre is anchored by Marks & Spencer, Primark, Asda, Next and formerly Debenhams.
|Location||Brierley Hill, West Midlands England|
|No. of stores and services||217|
|No. of anchor tenants||4 (Marks & Spencer, Primark, Asda and Next)|
|Total retail floor area||1,671,000 square feet (155,200 m2)|
|No. of floors||2 (Some shops have extra floors)|
The centre has over 200 shops, a retail park, cinema, food hall and ten-thousand parking spaces. Adjacent to the main shopping mall is a marina called The Waterfront accommodating a number of bars, restaurants, the studios of Black Country Radio, and the Headquarters and Control Room of West Midlands Ambulance Service. The Dudley No.1 Canal passes through The Waterfront and along the edge of the shopping centre before descending to Delph Locks.
The centre's original developers and owners were Richardson Developments but it has had a number of other owners including Chelsfield, Mountleigh, Westfield Group and Intu Properties. Merry Hill is currently operated by Sovereign Centros and the property management is provided by Savills PLC following the administration of Intu in June 2020.
At the beginning of the 1980s, the recently elected Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher created a number of enterprise zones which gave incentives to firms wishing to set up business in areas which had been affected by a downturn in the manufacturing industry. The Brierley Hill area had suffered the loss of the Round Oak Steelworks, which closed in December 1982 with the loss of more than 1,200 jobs, and it was hoped that other manufacturers could be encouraged to move into the area. Incentives included relaxed planning rules and a ten-year period exempt from business rates. Developers saw the opportunity to take advantage of lack of restrictions by developing a shopping centre, rather than the industrial units originally envisaged as the mainstay of the Enterprise Zone.
The Enterprise Zone encompassed both the former steelworks site and a large open green space known as Merry Hill Farm. This was cherished locally as a haven for wildlife. During 1982, the site was bought by Richardson Developments with the intention of constructing a large shopping centre. .
There was much hostility when building of the first phase of the shopping centre commenced on the green space, rather than on the former steelworks site, which itself was incorporated into the enterprise zone in 1984 — the year that the first phase of the complex: two retail parks and a shopping mall — was given the go-ahead, with construction beginning soon afterwards.
Despite protests from local residents, the project went ahead and by Christmas 1985 the first three stores — Queensway furniture store, MFI home furnishings retail warehouse (the complex's very first tenant) and Atlantis Electrical superstore — were trading from the site.
In November of that year, the Richardson twins announced plans to expand Merry Hill into a large indoor shopping centre to rival the recently completed developments at Telford in Shropshire and Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, with a view to completing the development by 1990. The building contract for the shopping malls was let to Tarmac Construction.
The first shopping centre and a second phase of the retail park (including Halfords and B&Q which is now B&M) opened in April 1986 (incorporating the Carrefour hypermarket which opened on 1 July that year). However, Carrefour had pulled out of the store within two years and it was taken over by Gateway Foodmarkets, whose tenure of the store was similarly short; by 1990 they had withdrawn from the store and it was taken over by Asda, who have held the store's tenancy ever since.
The shopping mall was extended during 1987 on the ground floor and the upper level shops opened in early 1988. A 10-screen cinema was opened in November 1988.
The 350-seat Jules Verne food court, which offered a round-the-world eating experience and had a large globe-shaped balloon as its centrepiece, was opened in June 1989 on the upper level shopping mall. However, it had closed within five years due to disappointing trade. Additional shops were developed in its place.
Construction of the final phase of the centre was finished in 1989, with the Sainsbury's supermarket next-door to fast-food chain Burger King opening in September and the remainder of the final phase of the complex opening on 14 November, incorporating department store chains Debenhams and British Home Stores as some of the last big retail names to move to stores within the complex.
In August 1989, Marks and Spencer had agreed to become tenants of a new department store in the final phase of the shopping complex. It opened on 23 October 1990, replacing the recently closed stores in nearby towns West Bromwich and Dudley; the retailer had hoped that its Merry Hill store could co-exist with the West Bromwich and Dudley stores, but these stores did not even last until the opening to the Merry Hill store. The downturn in trade led to the closure of both stores on 25 August that year, with shoppers having to wait another two months until the Merry Hill store opened.
Development of the steelworks site did not commence until 1989, when construction began on The Waterfront development, which consisted of Phases 6–8. Phase 6 saw the construction of 69,700 square metres (750,245 sq ft) of offices (the first of which were occupied in December 1990), Phase 7 saw the construction of 6,500 square metres (69,965 sq ft) of restaurants and bars and Phase 8 saw the addition of a 15,800 square metres (170,070 sq ft) business park, which was completed in 1995. Waterfront Way was opened in December 1990 to serve the new complex and provide a road link to the shopping centre and also to the main A461 road between Dudley and Stourbridge.
The Waterfront development created some 4,000 jobs, but the onset of another recession in 2008 saw many businesses vacate the development, leaving a high percentage of office units empty. In June 2011, in a bid to bring jobs back to the Waterfront, the area was among the candidates for enterprise zone status once again — 17 years after the original enterprise zone expired.
Phase 4 of the shopping centre was partly remodelled in 1996, a mere seven years after it had been built.
Road access to the complex was improved in 1998 with the completion of alterations to the two access points from the A4036 main road between Dudley and Pedmore — this resulted in more than 40 houses being demolished to make way for the widened road and re-designed Quarry Bank junction. This project had first been proposed in 1989, and caused much controversy among residents whose homes were ultimately demolished to make way for the improvements.
While the centre was still being developed in the late 1980s, plans were unveiled to build the world's tallest tower at Merry Hill. The tower would have been 2,000 feet tall, with a hotel at its base, a restaurant halfway up and a nightclub plus observatory at the top. However, plans to build it were scrapped in 1992.
Effect on surrounding townsEdit
This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2015)
When the Merry Hill Centre first opened, a number of large retail chains decided to move their stores from surrounding towns into the new shopping centre. These included: Marks & Spencer, C&A (C&A left the UK during 2001 and the store was reoccupied by H&M) Littlewoods. The Littlewoods store was taken over by Marks & Spencer in the late 1990s, with a menswear store and cafe opening in its place.
The exodus of retailers from neighbouring towns, mainly Dudley and to a lesser degree Stourbridge and Halesowen, left a number of large empty premises behind, which in turn meant many shoppers abandoned town centres for the Merry Hill Centre, which led to a large downturn in trade for those shops remaining, affecting their viability.
The first retailer to move to Merry Hill was furniture retailer MFI, who opened a retail warehousing unit during the autumn of 1985. MFI would trade from this unit for 23 years until they went into liquidation in December 2008, with the store having since been occupied by a string of different retailers.
By Christmas 1985, MFI had been joined by Queensway furniture store and electrical retailer Atlantis. Further retail warehousing units and a shopping mall were already under construction by this stage.
The first phase of the indoor shopping centre opened in April 1986, with French hypermarket giant Carrefour opening a store at the centre on 1 July that year. They sold the store to Gateway Foodmarkets two years later when withdrawing from the UK, and by 1990 it had been taken over by Asda, who already had a store in Brierley Hill as well as several others in the wider Black Country area, but surprisingly, the Brierley Hill store remained open.
A second shopping centre opened on the ground level in 1987 and the centre was expanded further in early 1988 to include an upper level, although the bulk of the centre was opened on 14 November 1989 - by which time it was the largest shopping centre in Europe. By the time of its completion, Merry Hill included several multiple stores including clothing retailers: C&A and Littlewoods, general department store British Home Stores and supermarket chain Sainsburys, as well as numerous smaller retailers.
On 23 October 1990, Marks & Spencer opened a new department store at Merry Hill (the final new store to open at the complex), replacing the recently closed stores in nearby Dudley and West Bromwich. The retailer had agreed to become tenants of a store at Merry Hill during the summer of 1989, but had hoped to keep their Dudley and West Bromwich stores open alongside it; however the declining trade in both of these towns led to both stores being closed on 25 August 1990, some two months before the Merry Hill store opened. A similar situation had arisen with British Home Stores, who had opened a store in the final phase of the complex in November 1989, but continued to trade from its Dudley store; however the opening of the Merry Hill store was followed by a sharp decline in trade from the Dudley store, and the decision to close this store had been taken by March 1990, with the store finally closing June of that year.
in the autumn of 1991, the Marks & Spencer store expanded on the ground level into a neighbouring unit which had been vacated.
In the late-1990s, Marks & Spencer took over the lease of the former Littlewoods store and converted into a furniture and menswear store. The Littlewoods store had expanded some years earlier, taking in a former Woolworths store on the upper level; there had been fears that Woolworths would close at least some of their branches in nearby towns when the Merry Hill store opened, but trade from the Woolworths at Merry Hill was relatively disappointing and ironically most of the local Woolworths stores all outlasted the Merry Hill store by nearly two decades, only closing when the retailer went into liquidation over the 2008/09 winter.
The completion of Merry Hill resulted in the loss of many big name retailers from nearby town centres, with Dudley being the hardest hit, suffering a 70% decline in retailing market share between 1985 and 1990. However, some retailers kept their stores in nearby towns open, despite opening new stores at Merry Hill. C&A, who had a store at Merry Hill from November 1989 until withdrawing from the UK in 2001, kept their Dudley store open until January 1992. Littlewoods kept their Dudley store open for two months after its Merry Hill replacement opened in November 1989, cashing in on the 1989 Christmas market before closing in January 1990. British Home Stores had intended to continue trading from their Dudley store, but a sharp fall in trade following the Merry Hill store's opening led to the decision to close the Dudley store, which ceased trading in June 1990.
A further blow came when the local council, Dudley Metropolitan Borough, announced that it was bringing in parking charges throughout the area; this turned more shoppers away from local town centres, and towards the Merry Hill Centre, where parking remains free. Though there have since been plans for introducing parking charges at the centre, this has been criticised due to fears of impacting trade.
In 2008, Merry Hill Centre, along with nearby Brierley Hill, was redesignated as the 'strategic town centre' of the Dudley Borough, and thus the focus of future local government investment.
The Merry Hill Centre continues to draw most of its trade from the local area. The developers did plan that the centre would attract visitors from across the country, by building coach parks; however, the centre failed to attract nationwide visitors as anticipated and the coach parks were redeveloped with private housing and flats in 2003.
Merry Hill Monorail
An elevated monorail was opened at Merry Hill in June 1991, but closed in 1996 as a result of a combination of technical problems and safety concerns (especially the difficulty of evacuation), exacerbated by a dispute between the owners of Merry Hill and The Waterfront, which at the time were owned separately. The infrastructure was later removed, leaving only one disused monorail station and part of the old railings visible—on top of the Marks and Spencer store roof.
The monorail cost £22,000,000 to build, the construction work taking place along with the final phase of the shopping complex in 1988/89, but due to health and safety concerns, it did not open until 19 months after the centre was complete.
There were to be five stations, with the system extending over the canal and terminating close to the site of the former Round Oak railway station where an interchange with a West Midlands Metro extension was proposed. However, only the first four stations were completed; Waterfront East, Central Station, Times Square and Boulevard; with Waterfront West planned as a future development.
The system was officially opened on 1 June 1991. The actual public opening was delayed while Her Majesty's Railway Inspectorate investigated evacuation procedures. After operating for a short while, the monorail was temporarily closed again in 1992, but ran sporadically until 1996.
After the system was put up for sale in 1996, the trains and track were transferred in 2001 to the Oasis Shopping Centre, in Broadbeach, Queensland, Australia, to enable expansion of its own monorail system. The remaining monorail station, Central Station, was perfectly preserved, but due to renewed interest in 2016 surrounding the 25th anniversary of its opening artefacts were removed from the station and placed in a memorial exhibition near the lift shaft which once gave access to it. One hundred and fifty commemorative coins were minted and sold at the exhibition.
By the end of the monorail's life at the centre, tickets for adults cost 40p while children under the age of 5 enjoyed free travel on the network. A 'monorail replacement bus' service operated between the UCI Cinema (now Odeon) and The Waterfront car parks once the monorail ceased operating, utilising two Travel Merry Hill owned MCW Metrobuses.
The centre has around 217 stores and over 10,000 free parking spaces, with a total retail floorspace of 1,671,000 square feet (155,200 m2) making the centre the eighth largest in the United Kingdom, behind Westfield London, the MetroCentre, Bluewater, Trafford Centre and Westfield Stratford City.
Located on the Upper Mall, Eat Central was opened on October 22, 2009 by TV chef James Martin at the cost of £24 Million to the centres then owners Westfield Group. The food court features a unique lighting system developed by into lighting to lessen the use of more traditional downlights and reused the Eat Central branding from Westfield Derby (Derbion) which opened two years earlier, despite that centre losing the Eat Central branding in 2017.
On opening, Eat Central consisted of 16 eatery units in the main food court and 3 two-story restaurant units to the rear. However, this has since been reduced to one unit is being occupied by retailer Max Spielmann and another unit at the entrance to the food court, now being used as extra seating, was previously occupied by the now-defunct retailer Phones 4u. Additionally, one of the 3 restaurant units to the rear has remained empty since opening. Opening day eateries consisted of; Nando's, Pizza Express, Burger King, KFC, Subway, Napoli Italian, Oporto (Chicken & Burgers), Tiffinbites (Asian), Nineteen Ten Mexican, Yangtze Express, Zetao Noodles and Sushi, Crepescape, Muffin Break Expresso and Harpers English classics. The Pizza Express closed in late 2020 as part of a wider restructuring of the company.
The centre has space for 5 anchors. These currently consist of; Marks & Spencer, Primark, Asda and Next. The centre also had a Debenhams, which was used as a liquidation store in early 2021 as a part of the wider administration process for the company and closed on 15 May 2021. It also contains a range of other major brands and privately operated stores. Notable names are; H&M, TK Maxx, Sports Direct and Boots.
- November 2020 - Boots saw a Mothercare concession open inside of it.
- July 25, 2021 - Hamleys opens its first store in the Black Country located on the Lower Mall in the place previously occupied by Carphone Warehouse.
- September 15, 2021 - A conceptual Primark Home location opens, expanding the store further.
- September 25, 2021 - The Disney Store closed after 25 years at the centre, this was part of a wider wind down of the global Disney Store operations.
- November 5, 2021 - Smyths Toy Superstores opened on the retail park.
Beyond the main shopping centre is a separate retail park which has a number of shops and restaurants and also a cinema. Stores in this area include Wren Kitchens, Oak Furniture Land, Bensons for Beds, The Range, Currys, B&M Home & Garden, Carpetright, Halfords, Pets at Home and Matalan among others. In April 2021, Lidl announced plans to open a store in the former Ultimate Outdoors unit.
There is a ten-screen Odeon Cinema situated on the retail park. It was the first multiplex cinema in the Dudley borough and the first new one to have been built for some fifty years. It was originally owned by AMC Cinemas and later sold to UCI Cinemas. It was refurbished following the 2005 merger with the Odeon Cinemas chain.
The owners and local council leaders have stated their aim to better connect and integrate Merry Hill with the traditional town centre of Brierley Hill. The Dudley Canal was re-routed in the late-1990s, and between 2002–2005, housing has been developed around the complex (several apartment blocks opposite the cinema as well as apartments and houses overlooking Pedmore Road). A new line of the West Midlands Metro tram system was scheduled to reach the site in 2011, but is now planned to open late 2023 (see below for update).
In July 2017, plans were revealed to expand the centre to include more restaurants and to open a new Odeon cinema inside the centre to replace the old multiplex at the retail park. These plans were put forward after Intu acquired the existing Odeon Cinemas building and would have been built at the rear of the centre, connecting to phase 1 of the centre and would have doubled the amount of leisure and entertainment located at the centre from 5% to 10%. However, as of early 2021 the aging multiplex continues to operate on the retail park and no further plans or information has been released following the 2017 announcement.
The 2021 expansion and improvementEdit
It was announced on September 26, 2021 that the centre would undergo a 5-year improvement and expansion plan with the plan to be the "Ultimate family shopping and leisure destination in the West Midlands". While the expansions are still in the early planning there are plans to divide the centre into new districts focusing on entertainment, fashion & health and wellbeing along with others. Early concept art shows the new area containing a new Odeon cinema and the expansion linking into the existing Eat Central area. Along with this, there are plans to improve connections to The Waterfront and wider surrounding areas.
A bus station has served Merry Hill since its opening, but the current, more substantial bus station was developed in the early 1990s and gives direct connections to towns including Dudley, Halesowen, Stourbridge, Walsall, West Bromwich and Cradley Heath as well as the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton.
West Midlands Metro Line TwoEdit
Transport for West Midlands (TfWM) will open a new line of the West Midlands Metro from Wednesbury to Brierley Hill, with a new stop at Merry Hill, planned to open in 2023. The line was first planned in 1986 and was expected to be built during the 1990s, but funding and planning difficulties resulted in a 30-year delay to this project becoming a reality.
The areas around Next, TK Maxx, H&M, Eat Central, the amphitheatre and outside Debenhams at Merry Hill made an appearance on the popular Cartoon Network show, The Amazing World of Gumball as "Elmore Mall" in the episode called "The Mothers", Eat Central also made an appearance in the episode called "The Burden". Interior and exterior shots of Merry Hill have also featured in subsequent episodes.
The former Sainsbury's at Merry Hill was featured in the third episode of the first series of the popular children's television programme Rosie and Jim, called "Supermarket" which was originally broadcast on ITV on 17 September 1990, and featured the boat's owner John Cunliffe going shopping at Sainsbury's, with the ragdolls Rosie and Jim in tow.
- "intu Annual Report 2018" (PDF). 2018. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
- "Discover the Stores". intu.co.uk.
- Jones, Tamlyn (20 June 2016). "intu takes sole ownership of Merry Hill centre". Business Live. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
- "Shopping centre giant Intu enters administration". BBC News. 26 June 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
- "Brierley Hill Area Action Plan Preferred Options Baseline Report". Archived from the original on 13 January 2011.
- Berry Ritchie, The Story of Tarmac page 108, Published by James & James (Publishers) Ltd, 1999
- "Merry Hill Shopping Centre - Phase 1-5 Merry Hill". Archived from the original on 19 November 2010.
- "UK regional focus: Robin Hood's Merry Hill Richardson Brothers".
- "Waterfront in jobs race".
- "Real estate twins do nothing by halves". David Lawson. 1996. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
- "Westfield sells Serby, Merry Hill and Sprucefield shopping centres to Intu". BBC News Online. 20 March 2014.
- "QIC nears UK exit following £400m sale of retail mall". IPE Real Assets. 21 June 2016.
- "Chase & Partners Report Appendix 4 – Dudley" (PDF). Black Country Consortium. Retrieved 5 September 2013.[dead link]
- "WH Smith store in Dudley is to shut". Express & Star. 29 June 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Merry Hill parking charge would damage region say critics". Express & Star. 14 October 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Local Development Framework - Brierley Hill AAP". Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Gone but not forgotten - your memories of the Merry Hill monorail". 3 January 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
- "Portsmouth's Monorail - Privately Financed". Fact Sheet No 128. Light Rail Transit Association - UK Development Group. November 2001. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
"Merry Hill train terror" was the headline as 20 shoppers waited to be rescued from the monorail jammed 50 feet above ground. [..] this monorail, Von Roll Mark III, was opened on 1 June 1991 at a cost of GBP22m. With its claim of 70 standing passengers per train, a maximum flow of 1800 passengers per hour per direction [..] opening of the monorail was delayed [..] In 1992 the line closed for essential maintenance and in 1996 was reported as being up for sale.
- Williams, Andy (2005). "Andy Williams railway photos - Miscellaneous". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
[..] running over what [..] is called a rotary switch. [..] the south end of the line was double-tracked [and] left-hand running was the normal practise. The monorail was operational from 1991 to 1996, when it succumbed to a mixture of technical and safety issues. [..] I seem to recall that the monorail wasn't always operating, [..] it didn't really go anybear useful, and you had to pay to ride it. [..] This monorail was a Von Roll system. It had been out of use for five years when it was dismantled in 2001. The equipment was sold to the operators of the Broadbeach system in Australia [..] there's now little or no evidence that a monorail ever existed
- "Remembering the Merry Hill Monorail". 30 June 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
- "Countdown to Merry Hill's £24m Eat Central opening". Stourbridge News. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
- "Four Phones 4 u jobs saved at Merry Hill". Dudley News. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
- "Pizza Express restaurants in Stourbridge and Merry Hill now closed for good". Stourbridge News. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
- Parkes, Thomas. "Sadness for staff and shoppers as Merry Hill Debenhams shuts down for good". www.expressandstar.com. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
- Balloo, Stephanie (15 July 2021). "Iconic new store opens in Merry Hill - the first of its kind in Black Country". BirminghamLive. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
- "Range of new brands as further details of five year improvement programme revealed". mymerryhill.co.uk. 26 September 2021. Archived from the original on 27 October 2021.
- Reynolds, Jordan (16 September 2021). "Disney store at shopping centre to close". BirminghamLive. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
- "Wednesbury To Brierley Hill Metro Extension – Midland Metro Alliance". Retrieved 3 April 2021.
- Penfold, Simon. "Merry Hill transformation: New cinema and restaurants part of £100m project". www.expressandstar.com. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
- Wightman-Stone, Danielle (15 August 2018). "Next opens "giant" new store at Intu Merry Hill". FashionUnited. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
- "Special Report Adventure Time An Ooo Experience At intu Merry Hill". RegularCapital: Cartoon Network International News. RegularCapital. 12 June 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "The Mother". The Amazing World of Gumball. Season 3. Episode 17. 18 September 2014. 11 minutes in. Cartoon Network.
- "Rejected author has last laugh (The Times Online)". The Times. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
- "Catherine O'Flynn on exploring possibilities of life as we know it". The Birmingham Post. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
Media related to Merry Hill Shopping Centre at Wikimedia Commons