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Merovech (c.411-c.458[1]) is the semi-legendary founder of the Merovingian dynasty of the Salian Franks (although either Childeric I, his supposed son, or Clovis I, his supposed grandson, can also be considered the founder), which later became the dominant Frankish tribe. He is proposed to be one of several barbarian warlords and kings that joined forces with the Roman general Aetius against the Huns under Attila at the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains in Gaul.

Merovech
A King of the Franks
Victory of King Merovech.png
Merovech victorious in battle
Reign around 450-458
Predecessor Chlodio
Successor Childeric I
Born c.411
Died c.458
Issue Childeric
Full name
Merovech
Dynasty Merovingian (presumably founder)
Father Chlodio (uncertain)

The family of Childeric and Clovis, the first Frankish large-scale royal dynasty called themselves Merovingians ("descendants of Meroveus") after him, and this was known to historians in the following centuries, but no more contemporary evidence exists. The most important such written source, Gregory of Tours, recorded that Merovech was said to be descended from Chlodio, a roughly contemporary Frankish warlord who pushed from the Silva Carbonaria in modern central Belgium as far south as the Somme, north of Paris in modern-day France.

Contents

NameEdit

It has been suggested that Merovech refers to the Dutch river Merwede,[2] once called Merwe or Merowe. Although this river was historically a main subsidiary of the Rhine, in modern times it is a tributary of the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta, the area where, according to Roman historians, the Salian Franks once dwelled.

His name is also close to Marwig, lit. "famed fight" (compare modern Dutch mare "news, rumour"/vermaard "famous" as well as (ge)vecht "fight" with -vech).[3]

Evidence for existenceEdit

There is little information about him in the later histories of the Franks. Gregory of Tours only names him once as the father of Childeric I while putting doubt on his descent from Chlodio.[4] Many admit today that this formulation finds its explanation in a legend reported by Fredegar.[5] The Chronicle of Fredegar interpolated on this reference by Gregory by adding that Merovech was the son of the queen, Chlodio's wife; but his father was a sea-god, bestea Neptuni.[6] Some researchers have noted that Merovech, the Frankish chieftain, may have been the namesake of a certain god or demigod honored by the Franks prior to their conversion to Christianity.

Clodio, the sometime putative father of Merovech, is said to have been defeated by Flavius Aëtius at Vicus Helena in Artois in 448. Ian S. Wood would therefore place his son somewhere in the second half of the fifth century.[7]

Another theory[8] considers this legend to be the creation of a mythological past needed to back up the fast-rising Frankish rule in Western Europe.

A contemporary Roman historian, Priscus writes of having witnessed in Rome a “lad without down on his cheeks as yet and with fair hair so long that it poured down his shoulders, Aetius had made him his adopted son”. Priscus writes that the excuse Attila used for waging war on the Franks was the death of their king and the disagreement of his children over the succession, the elder being allied with Attila and the younger with Aetius. As Chlodio died just before Attila’s invasion, this seems to suggest that Merovech was in fact Chlodio’s son.[9]

Reference in popular cultureEdit

The legend about Merovech's conception was adapted in 1982 by Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh and Henry Lincoln in their book The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, as the seed of a new idea. They hypothesized that this "descended from a fish" legend was actually referring to the concept that the Merovingian line had married into the bloodline of Jesus Christ, since the symbol for early Christians had also been a fish. This theory, with no other basis than the authors' hypothesis, was further popularized in 2003 via Dan Brown's bestselling novel, The Da Vinci Code.[10][11] However, there was no evidence for this claim that Merovech is descended from Jesus. The identity and historicity of Merovech is one of the driving mysteries in The Widow’s Son, second book of Robert Anton Wilson’s The Historical Illuminatus Chronicles, first introducing the fish legend to the reader by having the early Merovingians appear in a vision as a hideous fish creature resembling H. P. Lovecraft’s Deep Ones, before settling on a variation on Holy Blood, Holy Grail which goes a step further by identifying Jesus and Mary Magdalene as the bridegroom and bride in The Alchemical Marriage of Christian Rosycross and Merovech as the titular Widow’s Son from Masonic lore and positing that the entire bloodline is descended from alien-human hybrids[12].

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ A Companion to Gregory of Tours, ed. Alexander C. Murray, (Brill, 2015), 659.
  2. ^ Emil Rückert: Oberon von Mons und die Pipine von Nivella; Weidmann'sche Buchhandlung, Leipzig, Germany. 1836
  3. ^ Green, D.H. Language and History in the Early Germanic World. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  4. ^ Gregory of Tours - The History of the Franks, II.9
  5. ^ Christian Settipani - Addenda to Les Ancêtres de Charlemagne, 1990
  6. ^ Pseudo-Fredegar, Hist. III, 9.
  7. ^ Wood, Ian. The Merovingian Kingdoms 450 - 751, Pearson Education Ltd., 1994 ISBN 9781317871163
  8. ^ see M. Todd's, The Early Germans
  9. ^ https://books.google.it/books?id=Rz-VCwAAQBAJ&pg=PA23&lpg=PA23&dq=priscus+embassy+%22hair%22+%22frank%22&source=bl&ots=A2EBA95WIO&sig=PxM1Gom2NFabaS5fV9s-tyGw58w&hl=it&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiip6aNvPvQAhVFuRQKHSljA1AQ6AEIITAA#v=onepage&q=priscus%20embassy%20%22hair%22%20%22frank%22&f=false
  10. ^ Behind the Da Vinci Code, 2006, History Channel documentary about Henry Lincoln
  11. ^ Holy Blood Holy Grail, Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh, Henry Lincoln, 1982
  12. ^ The Widow's Son, Robert Anton Wilson, 1985

ReferencesEdit

  • Behind the Da Vinci Code, 2006, History Channel documentary about Henry Lincoln
  • Todd, M. The Early Germans
  • Wood, Ian. The Merovingian Kingdoms 450–751. London: Longman Group, 1994.

External linksEdit

Merovech
Born: 411 Died: 458
Preceded by
Chlodio
King of the Salian Franks
450–458
Succeeded by
Childeric I