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Merkel is a town in Taylor County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,590 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the Abilene, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Merkel, Texas
Street in Merkel, Texas
Street in Merkel, Texas
Location of Merkel, Texas
Location of Merkel, Texas
Taylor County Merkel.svg
Coordinates: 32°28′6″N 100°0′48″W / 32.46833°N 100.01333°W / 32.46833; -100.01333Coordinates: 32°28′6″N 100°0′48″W / 32.46833°N 100.01333°W / 32.46833; -100.01333
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyTaylor
Government
 • MayorMary Schrampfer
 • City ManagerSteve Campbell
 • Chief of PolicePhillip Conklin
Area
 • Total2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)
 • Land2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
1,870 ft (570 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,590
 • Density1,300/sq mi (510/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79536
Area code(s)325
FIPS code48-47796[1]
GNIS feature ID1374885[2]

GeographyEdit

Merkel is located 17 miles west of Abilene near Interstate Highway 20.

The town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.1 km²), all of it land.01993207882

HistoryEdit

Around 1870, when the Texas and Pacific Railway was built, the town was founded as Windmill Town. In 1881, it was renamed as Merkel in honor of the first settler in this area, S. M. Merkel from Germany. In 1882, the first mercantile store and in 1883, the first post office opened.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1890353
19102,008
19201,810−9.9%
19301,8482.1%
19402,0058.5%
19502,33816.6%
19602,312−1.1%
19702,163−6.4%
19802,49315.3%
19902,469−1.0%
20002,6376.8%
20102,590−1.8%
Est. 20182,620[4]1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 2,637 people 1,012 households, and 719 families resided in the town. The population density was 1,342.0 people per square mile (519.5/km²). The 1,202 housing units averaged 611.7 per square mile (236.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 89.42% White, 1.14% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 6.37% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 14.22% of the population.

Of the 1,012 households, 37.9% had children under the age of 18 still living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were not families. About 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town, the population was distributed as 28.2% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,083, and for a family was $34,250. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $16,620 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,292. About 9.9% of families and 13.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

The Town of Merkel is served by the Merkel Independent School District.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Shania Williams, Queen of Texas Top Knots

External linksEdit

ClimateEdit

According to the Köppen climate classification, Merkel has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Merkel, Texas