Mercedes, Uruguay

Mercedes (Spanish pronunciation: [meɾˈseðes]) is the capital and largest city of the department of Soriano in Uruguay. According to the census 2011, it is the tenth most populated city of the country.

Mercedes

La Hermosa del Sur
Capital city
Mercedes is located in Uruguay
Mercedes
Mercedes
Location in Uruguay
Coordinates: 33°15′0″S 58°2′0″W / 33.25000°S 58.03333°W / -33.25000; -58.03333Coordinates: 33°15′0″S 58°2′0″W / 33.25000°S 58.03333°W / -33.25000; -58.03333
Country Uruguay
Department Soriano
Founded1788
Population
 (2011 Census)
 • Total41,974
 • Demonym
mercedario,-a
Time zoneUTC -3
Postal code
75000
Dial plan+598 453 (+5 digits)
ClimateCfa

Mercedes is an important centre of tourism, commerce and a commercial port. Its main industries are based on agriculture, dairy products, paper manufacturing and industrial activities. Its rambla (riverside promenade) is one of the widest in the country.

LocationEdit

The city is located on the junction of Route 2 with Route 14, and is situated on the south bank of the Río Negro. Also Route 21 from Colonia del Sacramento of Colonia Department terminates in this city.

HistoryEdit

Mercedes was founded in 1788 by the priest Manuel Antonio de Castro y Careaga with the name of Capilla Nueva de las Mercedes. It had acquired the status of "Villa" (town) before the Independence of Uruguay. On 6 July 1857, its status was elevated to "Ciudad" (city) and it was designated as capital of Soriano, one of the nine original departments of the Republic at the time, by the Act of Law Nº 531. Previously, the capital of the department was Villa Soriano.[1]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Mercedes, Uruguay (1980–2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.8
(109.0)
41.6
(106.9)
40.0
(104.0)
36.0
(96.8)
32.2
(90.0)
28.6
(83.5)
30.5
(86.9)
33.0
(91.4)
35.9
(96.6)
36.4
(97.5)
39.0
(102.2)
42.0
(107.6)
42.8
(109.0)
Average high °C (°F) 31.5
(88.7)
29.5
(85.1)
27.8
(82.0)
23.6
(74.5)
19.9
(67.8)
16.6
(61.9)
16.5
(61.7)
18.6
(65.5)
20.3
(68.5)
23.5
(74.3)
26.6
(79.9)
29.6
(85.3)
23.6
(74.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
23.4
(74.1)
21.8
(71.2)
17.9
(64.2)
14.2
(57.6)
11.5
(52.7)
11.0
(51.8)
12.7
(54.9)
14.2
(57.6)
17.4
(63.3)
20.2
(68.4)
23.0
(73.4)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
17.4
(63.3)
15.9
(60.6)
12.2
(54.0)
8.6
(47.5)
6.4
(43.5)
5.5
(41.9)
6.7
(44.1)
8.2
(46.8)
11.3
(52.3)
13.9
(57.0)
16.3
(61.3)
11.7
(53.1)
Record low °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
5.3
(41.5)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.3
(29.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
−7.9
(17.8)
−7.0
(19.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
2.8
(37.0)
3.0
(37.4)
−7.9
(17.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 106.9
(4.21)
127.6
(5.02)
141.4
(5.57)
114.9
(4.52)
79.6
(3.13)
68.6
(2.70)
60.7
(2.39)
63.4
(2.50)
74.6
(2.94)
120.5
(4.74)
113.2
(4.46)
117.3
(4.62)
1,188.7
(46.80)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 5 64
Average relative humidity (%) 64 69 72 76 78 80 77 74 72 72 68 63 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 231.7 235.6 180.0 170.5 135.0 158.1 182.9 201.0 229.4 258.0 272.8 2,543.3
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.3 8.2 7.6 6.0 5.5 4.5 5.1 5.9 6.7 7.4 8.6 8.8 7.0
Source #1: Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria[2]
Source #2: Dirección Nacional de Meteorología (precipitation days 1961–1990, extremes 1941–1994)[3][4]

PopulationEdit

In 2011, it had a population of about 41,974[5]

Year Population
1908 15,667
1963 31,325
1975 34,518
1985 36,701
1996 39,320
2004 42,032
2011 41,174

Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay[1]

Places of worshipEdit

SportsEdit

Mercedes was one of the host cities of the official 1967 Basketball World Cup.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Statistics of urban localities (1908–2004)". INE. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  2. ^ Castaño, José; Giménez, Agustín; Ceroni, Mauricio; Furest, José; Aunchayna, Rossina. "Caracterización Agroclimática del Uruguay 1980–2009" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 December 2018. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  3. ^ "Estadísticas climatológicas" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  4. ^ "RECORDS METEOROLOGICOS EN EL URUGUAY" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Censos 2011 Cuadros Soriano". INE. 2012. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.

External linksEdit