Meng Wanzhou (Chinese: 孟晚舟; born 13 February 1972), also known as Sabrina Meng and Cathy Meng, is a Chinese business executive. She is deputy chairwoman of the board and chief financial officer (CFO) of China's largest private company, the telecom giant Huawei founded by her father Ren Zhengfei.
Meng Wanzhou at Russia Calling!
Investment Forum in 2014
13 February 1972
|Residence||Shenzhen, Guangdong, People's Republic of China|
|Other names||Sabrina Meng|
|Education||Huazhong University of Science and Technology|
|Years active||from 1993|
|Title||Deputy chairwoman and CFO, Huawei|
|Criminal charge||bank fraud, wire fraud, conspiracies to commit bank and wire fraud|
|Criminal status||on bail in Vancouver, Canada; subject of an extradition request made by the United States|
Liu Xiaozong (m. 2007)
On 1 December 2018, Meng was arrested in Canada at the request of the United States for allegedly defrauding multiple financial institutions in breach of US-imposed bans on dealing with Iran. On 28 January 2019, the United States Department of Justice announced financial fraud charges against Meng.
Early life and educationEdit
After graduating from college in 1992, she worked for China Construction Bank for a year before joining Huawei, a startup founded by her father, as a secretary. She attended graduate school in 1997 and earned a master's degree in accounting from the Huazhong University of Science and Technology. She moved to Vancouver, Canada, and obtained permanent residency in 2001, which expired in 2009. Meng also has had Hong Kong permanent residence since at least 2011.
In an interview with the Chinese newspaper 21st Century Business Herald, she said her career took off after she returned to Huawei in 1998 to work in the finance department. She held positions including head of international accounting, CFO of Huawei Hong Kong, and director of the Accounting Management Department.
When Huawei first published the names of its top executives in 2011, Meng was already listed as its CFO. In March 2018, she was appointed one of the four vice chairpersons of the board, fueling speculation that she was being groomed to eventually succeed her father, although Ren has denied that. He has told Sina Tech that "none of my family members possess [suitable] qualities" and "will never be included in the sequence of successors".
As of December 2018, Meng is the deputy chairwoman and CFO of Huawei, China's largest private company with 180,000 employees. In 2017, Forbes ranked Meng 8th in its list of Outstanding Businesswomen of China, while Huawei chairwoman Sun Yafang was ranked second.
On 1 December 2018, while transferring planes at Vancouver International Airport en route to Mexico from Hong Kong, Meng was arrested by Canadian authorities at the request of the United States, pursuant to the extradition treaty between Canada and the United States. On 7 December, it was revealed that an arrest warrant was issued on 22 August 2018 by the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York; According to crown counsel in Canadian court, Meng was "charged with conspiracy to defraud multiple international institutions". The warrant was based on allegations of a conspiracy to defraud banks which had cleared money that was claimed to be for Huawei, but was actually for Skycom, an entity claimed to be entirely controlled by Huawei, which was said to be dealing in Iran, contrary to sanctions. According to the defense lawyer, the bank involved in the dealings was HSBC. The allegations were rejected by the defense lawyer saying Meng did not break any US or Canadian law. The Crown counsel said that the case against Meng stemmed from a 2013 Reuters report about the company's close ties to Hong Kong-based Skycom Tech, which attempted to sell U.S. equipment to Iran despite U.S. and European Union bans.
From 7 to 11 December, Meng attended a bail hearing in Vancouver. She was released on a C$10 million bail that was granted with conditions, including electronic surveillance. She was required to hand over her passports, of which seven were listed in her court records. A further passport whose serial number begins with "P" was not listed; these passports are normally issued to employees of the Chinese government for travel related to public affairs.
Under Canada's Extradition Act, the deadline for the US to request extradition was 30 January 2019 (60 days after her arrest); on 28 January the Canadian Department of Justice confirmed that the US had formally requested Meng's extradition. The Canadian government has until 1 March 2019 to decide whether to authorize an extradition hearing.
Also on 28 January, U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen and other officials released a redacted version of an indictment filed 24 January 2019, against Meng personally as well as three corporate entities (including Huawei) and at least one other person whose name was redacted. Meng was charged with bank fraud, wire fraud, and conspiracies to commit bank and wire fraud. (The same day, the US government announced a different indictment against Huawei relating to theft of trade secrets; but that does not pertain to Meng personally.)
Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said that the federal government was aware of the intended arrest but had no involvement in the process. A White House official stated that "President Donald Trump did not know about a US request for her extradition from Canada before he met Chinese President Xi Jinping and agreed to a 90-day truce in the brewing trade war", while U.S. National Security Advisor John R. Bolton said that he knew in advance of Meng's arrest.
US trade representative Robert Lighthizer said that Meng Wanzhou's arrest was "a criminal justice matter" that should have no impact on the trade talks between both countries, but Trump said he could intervene, in order to get a good trade deal with China. U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo added, foreign policy must be taken into consideration in this case, and the mission is "America First". The remarks were met by criticism.
The Chinese embassy in Canada issued a strong statement condemning her arrest and the Chinese Foreign Ministry summoned the Canadian and American ambassadors in protest over the detention. Chinese media have alleged that the arrest is part of an attempt by the U.S. to stifle Huawei and its other tech companies.
On 9 December 2018, the government of China told Canadian ambassador John McCallum that Meng's arrest "severely violated the Chinese citizen's legal and legitimate rights and interests, it is lawless, reasonless and ruthless, and it is extremely vicious" and warned of "serious consequences" unless Meng was released. The subsequent arrest of former diplomat Michael Kovrig in Beijing may be part of those consequences, according to former Canadian ambassador Guy Saint-Jacques. Shortly afterwards China detained businessman Michael Spavor, another Canadian national, in an escalating diplomatic row. Their arrests were made under the National Security Law that came into effect in 2015, a comprehensive piece of legislation that gives Chinese authorities broad powers.
China's ambassador to Canada Lu Shaye wrote in a Hill Times op-ed on January 9 accusing Canada of "Western egotism and white supremacy". He warned on January 17 that he believed there would be "repercussions" from China if Canada were to choose to exclude Huawei from supplying equipment for its future 5G networks.
On January 14, 2019, China sentenced Canadian Robert Lloyd Schellenberg to death, after he had earlier received a sentence of fifteen years in prison for smuggling 220 kg (490 lb) of narcotics; 50 g (1.8 oz) is enough for a death sentence. The action is widely viewed as retaliation for the arrest of Meng.
Canada's ambassador to China John McCallum said, "From Canada's point of view, if (the U.S.) drops the extradition request, that would be great for Canada." On 26 January 2019, McCallum was fired as Canada's ambassador to China by Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.
Meng's mother is Ren Zhengfei's first wife Meng Jun, the daughter of Meng Dongbo, a former deputy secretary of East China Military and Administrative Committees and deputy governor of Sichuan Province. She has a younger brother Ren Ping (formerly Meng Ping), who also works for Huawei. After divorcing Meng Jun, Ren Zhengfei married Yao Ling, with whom he had another daughter, Annabel Yao, who is 25 years younger than Meng. Annabel Yao made a high-profile debut at Le Bal des Débutantes in Paris in November 2018.
- "Chinese Telecommunications Conglomerate Huawei and Huawei CFO Wanzhou Meng Charged With Financial Fraud" (Press release). U.S. Department of Justice. 28 January 2019.
- Laura Kane (2019-01-29). "Canada has one month to decide whether to hold an extradition hearing for Meng". Toronto Star. The Canadian Press. Retrieved 2019-02-05.
- 【華為危機】與現任丈夫姊弟戀！香港結婚育有一女兒. Apple Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- Zhong, Raymond (2018-12-07). "Meng Wanzhou Was Huawei's Professional Face, Until Her Arrest". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-12-08.
- Horowitz, Julia (2018-12-06). "Huawei CFO Meng Wanzhou arrested in Canada, faces extradition to United States". CNN. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
- Lynch, Sarah (2019-01-28). "U.S. unseals indictments against China's Huawei and CFO Meng Wanzhou". Reuters. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
- "Surrey RCMP Const. Winston Yep's affidavit". Scribd. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "The tale of Huawei founder's daughters born 25 years apart". South China Morning Post. 2018-12-06. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
- Pham, Sherisse (2018-12-07). "Who is Meng Wanzhou, the Chinese exec wanted by the US?". CNN.
- Vanderklippe, Nathan (2018-12-05). "Arrest of Huawei's Meng Wanzhou sparks fury in China". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
- 驻加使馆：已向美加提出严正交涉，要求恢复孟晚舟人身自由. The Paper (in Chinese). 2018-12-06. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
- "Judge concerned about using husband of Huawei exec as bail surety". vancouversun.com. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- Denise Ryan (2018-12-10). "Affidavit of detained Huawei official details her life in Vancouver and plans to fight extradition". National Post. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
- "Huawei's Arrested CFO Rose Through Ranks Despite Father's Rebuke". Bloomberg. 6 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
Ren Zhengfei laid out qualities a successor should have, including vision, character and industry-specific knowledge.
- Wakabayashi, Daisuke; Rappeport, Alan (2018-12-05). "A Top Huawei Executive Is Arrested in Canada for Extradition to the U.S." The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
- 2017福布斯中国最杰出商界女性排行榜. Forbes Chinese (in Chinese). 2017. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
- "Extradition in Canada" (Press release). Department of Justice Canada. 12 December 2018.
- Fife, Robert (5 December 2018). "Canada arrests Huawei's global chief financial officer in Vancouver". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
- "US case against Huawei CFO revealed in Canadian court". Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. 7 December 2018..
- Rhianna Schmunk; Liam Britten (6 December 2018). "Huawei CFO Meng Wanzhou to spend weekend in jail after bail hearing adjourns". CBC.ca. CBC News.
- "Huawei exec committed fraud by deceiving multiple banks: Crown". Vancouver Sun. Bloomberg Technology. 8 December 2018.
- "Chinese state media says U.S. trying to 'stifle' Huawei with arrest". Bloomberg. Bloomberg Technology. 7 December 2018.
- "U.S. accuses Huawei CFO of Iran sanctions cover-up; hearing adjourned". Reuters. Reuters. December 7, 2018.
- "Huawei CFO facing extradition to US released on $10 million bail". CNN Business. 11 December 2018.
- "Huawei CFO Meng Wanzhou granted bail, will live in Vancouver under electronic surveillance". Global News. 2018-12-11. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
- Mui, Michael (2019-01-24). "How Meng Wanzhou's 'P' passport works". The Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- "U.S. faces deadline to extradite Huawei exec from Canada". CBC.ca. The Canadian Press. 19 January 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
- Jesse Ferreras (2019-01-28). "U.S. sends Meng Wanzhou extradition request to Canada — but there are several steps left". Global News. Retrieved 2019-02-05.
- "U.S. Indictment Against Huawei CFO Meng Wanzhou". Retrieved 2019-02-05.
- "US files charges against China's Huawei and CFO Meng Wanzhou". BBC. 28 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- "Chinese Telecommunications Device Manufacturer and its U.S. Affiliate Indicted for Theft of Trade Secrets, Wire Fraud, and Obstruction Of Justice" (Press release). U.S. Department of Justice. 28 January 2019.
- Cochrane, David (2018-12-07). "Canada was compelled to arrest Chinese business exec at Washington's request, says expert". CBC News. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "White House, Trudeau seek to distance themselves from Huawei move". Reuters. Reuters. December 6, 2018.
- "National security advisor John Bolton says 'I knew in advance' about arrest of Huawei executive – Trump reportedly did not". CNBC. December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
- "Robert Lighthizer says Huawei's Meng Wanzhou's arrest is 'a criminal justice matter'". globalnews.ca. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "Trump could intervene in Huawei court case". 12 December 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018 – via www.bbc.com.
- Levin, Bess. "Trump Basically Admits Chinese Tech Exec Is His Political Prisoner". The Hive. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- Fernandez, Henry (13 December 2018). "Trump has authority to pardon Huawei CFO to close China trade deal: Judge Napolitano". FOXBusiness. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "If courts say to extradite Huawei exec, justice minister will have to make call - CTV News". www.ctvnews.ca. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "Trump intervention comment may be gift to Huawei CFO". Reuters. Reuters. December 12, 2018.
- Ljunggren, David (December 12, 2018). "Canada warns U.S. not to politicize extradition cases". Reuters. Reuters.
- Yong Xiong and Susannah Cullinane (9 December 2018). "China threatens Canada with 'grave consequences' if Huawei CFO not freed". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- "Remarks of the Spokesperson of the Chinese Embassy in Canada on the issue of a Chinese citizen arrested by the Canadian side". ca.china-embassy.org. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "Chinese state media says U.S. trying to 'stifle' Huawei with arrest". Reuters. Reuters. December 6, 2018.
- "'Basically kidnapping': China's state media lashes out at Canada over arrest of Huawei executive". Global News. 7 December 2018.
- "China summons US, Canadian ambassadors in 'strong protest ' over Huawei CFO's Arrest". CNN. 9 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Reuters (12 December 2018). "ICG: No word from China on detained Canadian employee". The Japan News. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Smith, Josh; Ljunggren, David (13 December 2018). "Detained in China: Canadian businessman known for ties to North Korean leader". Retrieved 18 December 2018.
- Ling, Philip (2018-01-05). "Canadians accused of breaking Chinese law that gives authorities vast power". CBC News. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- "China's ambassador accuses Canada of 'white supremacy' in Huawei CFO arrest", The Guardian, 2018
- Lu, Shaye (2019-01-09). "China's ambassador: why the double standard on justice for Canadians, Chinese?". The Hill Times. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
- Thomson Reuters (2019-01-17). "Chinese envoy to Canada warns of 'repercussions' if Ottawa bans Huawei from 5G mobile phone network". CBC News. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
- Buckley, Chris (14 January 2019). "China Sentences a Canadian, Robert Lloyd Schellenberg, to Death". Retrieved 15 January 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
- "McCallum says dropping Meng extradition would be 'great' for Canada: report". The Canadian Press. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019 – via CTV News.
- "Trudeau fires John McCallum as ambassador to China". 26 January 2019 – via https://www.cbc.ca.
- 华为老兵：我所知道的孟晚舟曾激励父亲到深圳闯荡. Jiefang Daily (in Chinese). 9 December 2018. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- 德普刘晓棕：我们要办什么样的教育？_重庆国际学校_家长帮. www.jzb.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "CASE - Co-Chairs and Speakers". www.case.org. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- Bloomberg (9 December 2018). "Huawei CFO Meng Wanzhou cites multi-million dollar homes in Vancouver and health issues in bail bid". Straits Times. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- Derrick Penner (7 December 2018). "Huawei executive arrested at YVR appears to have family ties to Vancouver homes". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
- Reuters (8 December 2018). "Chinese foreign ministry warns of consequences with Meng Wanzhou's bail hearing set to resume Monday". CBC. Retrieved 10 December 2018.