Menden (German pronunciation: [ˈmɛndn̩] (listen), official name: Menden (Sauerland); Westphalian: Mennen) is a city in the district Märkischer Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located at the north end of the Sauerland near the Ruhr river.

Menden
Old city hall in Menden
Old city hall in Menden
Coat of arms of Menden
Location of Menden within Märkischer Kreis district
Märkischer KreisNorth Rhine-WestphaliaOberbergischer KreisEnnepe-Ruhr-KreisHagenDortmundUnna (district)Soest (district)HochsauerlandkreisOlpe (district)AltenaMeinerzhagenNeuenradeKierspeHalverHerscheidMendenNachrodt-WiblingwerdePlettenbergSchalksmühleHemerLüdenscheidIserlohnBalveWerdohlMenden in MK.svg
About this image
Menden is located in Germany
Menden
Menden
Menden is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Menden
Menden
Coordinates: 51°26′N 07°48′E / 51.433°N 7.800°E / 51.433; 7.800Coordinates: 51°26′N 07°48′E / 51.433°N 7.800°E / 51.433; 7.800
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionArnsberg
DistrictMärkischer Kreis
Government
 • Mayor (2020–25) Roland Schröder[1] (Ind.)
Area
 • Total86.08 km2 (33.24 sq mi)
Highest elevation
380 m (1,250 ft)
Lowest elevation
115 m (377 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total52,096
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
58706, 58708, 58710
Dialling codes02373
02378 (Halingen)
02379 (Asbeck)
Vehicle registrationMK
Websitewww.menden.de
Menden-Zentrum1-Asio.JPG
A sculpture from Mile Prerad (2008)

HistoryEdit

Menden's first churches were built in the 9th century. From 1180 on the area around Menden was part of the Cologne region, however, as it was on the border with the County of Mark, it was often fought over. In 1276, it received city rights. Industrialization started early: in 1695 needle production was the first industry, later followed by limestone products such as cement. In 1816 Menden was included within Prussia, after being part of Hesse for 13 years. In 1975 the city was merged with several previously independent municipalities, thus it grew in area as well as population.

Points of interestEdit

The Hönnetal, a narrow valley with some beautiful cliffs carved into the limestone bedrock by the river Hönne.

EducationEdit

Primary educationEdit

In Menden (Sauerland), there are eleven elementary schools.

Secondary schoolsEdit

Besides four hauptschulen, two realschulen, there are three grammar schools:

  • Heilig-Geist-Gymnasium, only for boys until 1977; since 2015 combined with the Walramgymnasium and now named Städtisches Gymnasium an der Hönne
  • Walburgisgymnasium, only for girls until 1974
  • Walramgymnasium; since 2015 combined with the Heilig-Geist-Gymnasium and now named Städtisches Gymnasium an der Hönne

CultureEdit

The theatre managed by the city government, is the Theater am Ziegelbrand (TAZ). It is directed by Volker Fleige.

MusicEdit

Menden à la carte is a popular festival. It is organized by the Initiativkreis Mendener Wirtschaft.

TheatreEdit

In Menden there are three theatres; the Theater am Ziegelbrand in an old factory building with places for 49 spectators. Another theatre is located under the indoor swimming pool with places for 99 people. It is called Zimmertheater Scaramouche and corporate appearances and a traditional Christmas stage play can be seen there. For the young visitors there is a kids club. The third theatre is in Halingen. It is called the Halinger Dorftheater.

MuseumEdit

Founded in 1912, the Museum of Menden specialized on the living circumstances of the citizens of Menden in medieval age. It informs about and reconstructs the equipment from farmers' and patricians' houses. It also presents bones of human beings from prehistoric times and the complete skeleton of a cave bear.

BuildingsEdit

  • The ruin of Burg Rodenberg, an old caste in the forest near the indoor swimming pool.
  • The St.-Vincenz-Kirche, founded in 1345, is the biggest church in Menden and is near the old city hall.
  • Parts of the old city defense such as 3 towers and a little part of the city wall still exist and may be seen.

SportEdit

In Menden there are many sport clubs. It is the home of the Sauerland Cup, which is a competition for handball clubs from all around the world. Even clubs from Japan or Switzerland took part in 2005. It takes place in spring and nearly every sports hall available is used. Menden is also the host of an international soccer competition in which every U-10 club can take part. The Huckenohlstadion is a multi-purpose stadium. Menden also has clubs for basketball, tennis, swimming, dancing, volleyball, boxing and contests, matches and demonstrations can be attended nearly every weekend.

Regular eventsEdit

The first event in a year is the carnival, with a parade of clubs andlocal dance groups.

The second event is the Lendringser Frühling. Organized by the Lendringser Werbegemeinschaft it is an event combined with the possibility of Sunday shopping. The public can visit stalls and presentations of different groups such as a bike performance or typical food from different communities like the Greek one.

The Good Friday procession has taken place since the 17th century. The route starts near the St Vincenz Church and goes over 14 stations to the St Antonius Chapel and it begins hourly. The route is 2.5 kilometres (1+12 miles) long, and especially for the youth there is a procession with music which is well attended by young people.

In the time around Pentecost, Menden organizes a kirmes with amusement rides, food stands and a big firework display on Tuesday at the end of the kirmes. This event is a big magnet for over 300,000 people living around Menden. This event takes place during four days, from the Saturday before Pentecost until the Tuesday after.

The series Mendener Sommer is a collection of several events of different national and international music artists. The events which are free and organized by the culture office are mainly in July and August and take place outside in the centre of the city.

Menden à la carte is an event which takes place in the summer from Friday to Sunday and is marked culturally and culinarily.

The Mendener Herbst is an event of the Menden advertising organization and takes place every year on the 3rd weekend of October. It is a kind of a junk market for arts and crafts from the region.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Menden is twinned with:[3]

Friendly citiesEdit

Menden also has friendly relations with:[3]

Notable peopleEdit

 
Bishop Augustin Hennighaus 1904

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 21 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Städtepartnerschaften". menden.de (in German). Menden (Sauerland). Retrieved 2021-02-24.

External linksEdit