Memorial to Maria Raggi

Memorial to Maria Raggi is a sculptural monument designed and executed by the Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini, started in 1647 and finished in 1653.[1] The monument is attached to a pillar in a nave of the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome.[2]

Memorial to Maria Raggi
ArtistGian Lorenzo Bernini
Year1647 (1647)-1653
MediumGilt bronze, marble relief
SubjectMaria Raggi
LocationSanta Maria sopra Minerva, Rome
Coordinates41°53′53″N 12°28′42″E / 41.8980°N 12.4783°E / 41.8980; 12.4783
Preceded byMemorial to Ippolito Merenda
Followed byRaimondi Chapel

Maria Raggi edit

Maria Raggi (1552–1600) was a nun from the island of Chios. Forced to marry at an early age, she was widowed when her husband was captured by Turkish forces in 1570. She became a nun in 1571, and departed for Rome in 1584, where she was resident at the Palazzo of the de Marini family, near Santa Maria sopra Minerva. An extremely pious woman, she spent much of her day in prayer, and reportedly continually performed miracles.[2] After dying in 1600, there was some possibility of her being canonised, but the general antipathy of Pope Urban VIII to such events meant the opportunity passed.[2]

Patronage edit

Three descendants of Maria were responsible for commissioning Bernini to create the work, Ottaviano, Tommaso, and Lorenzo Raggi, whose names are noted in the Latin inscriptions in the bottom half of the memorial.[2]

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Avery 1997, p. 141.
  2. ^ a b c d Bernstock 1980, pp. 243–255.

References edit

  • Avery, Charles (1997). Bernini: Genius of the Baroque. London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0500092710.
  • Bernstock, Judith (1980). "Bernini's Memorial to Maria Raggi". The Art Bulletin. 62 (2): 243–255. doi:10.2307/3049992. JSTOR 3049992.

Further reading edit

  • Ackermann, Felix. "Draperien in Stein", La soupe et les nuages, Etudes de lettres 254 (1999/3-4), pp. 7–26.
  • Mormando, Franco (2011). Bernini: His Life and His Rome. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226538525.
  • Wittkower, Rudolf (1955). Gian Lorenzo Bernini: The Sculptor of the Roman Baroque. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 978-0801414305.

External links edit