Member of Parliament (Sweden)
Members of Parliament refers to the elected members of the Riksdag. In Swedish, an MP is usually referred to as a riksdagsledamot (member of the Riksdag) or a riksdagsman (Gentleman of the Riksdag). The former is in more common use today, especially in official contexts, due to its status as a unisex word, while the latter was used more often historically and literally refers to a male MP exclusively.
The parliament is a unicameral assembly with 349 members who are chosen every four years in general elections. To become an MP, a person must be entitled to vote (i.e. be a Swedish citizen, be at least 18 years old and be or have been resident in Sweden) and must be nominated by a political party. The MPs are elected by proportionality in constituencies across the nation. To decide which candidate will be elected the modified Sainte-Laguë method is used. This method usually but not always gives an accurate result in proportion to cast votes. In the 2014 general election the centre-right coalition government got one less MP than the overall opposition, despite more votes in total. To get a more proportional result 39 MPs are elected at compensation mandate (Utjämningsmandat) and those MPs, therefore, do not represent their own constituency.
The salaries of the MPs are decided by the Riksdag Pay Committee (Riksdagens arvodesnämnd), an agency under the Riksdag. Since 1 November 2007, the basic monthly pay of an MP is SEK52,900 (ca. US$6,500). The pay of the Speaker is SEK126,000 a month (ca. US$15,000), which is the same as that of the Prime Minister. The Deputy Speakers receive an increment of 30% of the pay of a member. The chairs and deputy chairs of the parliamentary committees receive a similar increment of 20% and 15% respectively.
According to a survey investigation by sociologist Jenny Hansson, Swedish national parliamentarians have an average workweek of 66 hours, including side responsibilities. Hansson's investigation further reports that the average Swedish national parliamentarian sleeps 6.5 hours per night.
- List of members of the Riksdag, 2018–2022
- List of members of the Riksdag, 2014–2018
- List of members of the Riksdag, 2010–2014
- List of members of the Riksdag, 2006–2010
- List of members of the Riksdag, 2002–2006
- List of members of the Riksdag, 1998–2002
- List of members of the Riksdag, 1994–1998
- List of members of the Riksdag, 1991–1994
- Riksdagsförvaltningen. "Ledamöter & partier". www.riksdagen.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2021-02-05.
- "Members and parties". Parliament of Sweden. 3 October 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
- "Pay and economic benefits". The Riksdag. 1 November 2007. Archived from the original on 22 August 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
- "Members' pay". The Riksdag. 13 July 2007. Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
- Hansson, Jenny (2008). "Sociologiska institutionen – Välkommen till oss!" (PDF). De Folkvaldas Livsvillkor, Umea University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2009.