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Melton Constable Hall circa 1880.
52°50'47.20"N 1° 0'49.59"E

Melton Constable Hall is a large (grade 1 listed) country house in the parish of Melton Constable, Norfolk, England designed in the Christopher Wren style and built between 1664 and 1670 for the Astley family who owned the estate from 1235 until 1948. The core of the house is Elizabethan.

Contents

HallEdit

Melton Constable Hall is regarded as the finest specimen of the Christopher Wren style of house. The house was re-modelled and extended by Sir Jacob Astley between 1664 and 1670, replacing an earlier house dating from c.1500. It has some fine plaster ceilings dated 1687, probably fashioned by Edward Goudge.

The house is constructed of brick with slate and copper roofs. The main range has a nine bay frontage, with 7-bay extensions to the east and north. The main range is grade I listed [1] and the north wing grade II* listed.[2] The stable buildings are variously grade II and grade II* listed.

ParkEdit

 
Melton Constable Hall and park shown in Kip and Knyff's Britannia Illustrata (1707).
 
St Peter's Church

Melton Constable Park was designed by Capability Brown in 1764–69; it has a church, a temple and various artistic follies. The church, St Peter's, which is small and unusual, nestles under trees (yews, firs and oaks) and can be reached by a drive lined with rhododendrons. It contains Norman work and many memorials to the Astley family who bear the title Lord Hastings. Sir Jacob Astley fought in the English Civil War and his prayer is still quoted by many: "Lord, I shall be very busy this day. I may forget Thee but do Thou not forget me".

North of the church and the hall there stands a tower known as Belle Vue, which has a view of Norwich and the sea. Belle Vue is in fact in Briningham, some 2 miles (3.2 km) from the Hall and not between the Hall and the church in Melton Park, although it could just be described as between the Hall and St Edmund's Church in Swanton Novers. It was originally a smock-mill that was built by Sir Jacob Astley, 1st Baronet, of Melton Constable Hall in 1721. The mill was not much used. Sir Edward Astley, the 4th Baronet, replaced the wooden tower with a brick one c. 1775. The new tower was built over the existing three-storey brick, octagonal base; it is the only one of its type in the county and is the oldest base in the county. It fell into dereliction and remains on the English Heritage at Risk register,[3] as do a number of outbuildings on the estate. Belle Vue tower is now a private home.

HistoryEdit

The manor of Melton Constable was given by William I to the Bishop of Thetford and occupied by his Constable, who had assumed the name of Melton with the suffix of Constable. It then passed to the Astley family and descended in the male line of that family from 1235 until sold by Lord Hastings in 1948 to the Duke of Westminster.[4] It was then sold again in the 1950s and the land used for agricultural purposes, with the house being allowed to deteriorate. In 1985, under the threat of a compulsory purchase order, the owner was obliged to sell on the Hall and parts of the estate.[5]

The village of Seaton Sluice in Northumberland has public houses called The Astley Arms and The Melton Constable, a legacy of a marriage in Georgian times which united the Astley family with the Delaval family of the nearby Seaton Delaval Hall.[6]

The award-winning film The Go Between was filmed at Melton Constable Hall.[7]

Present situationEdit

As of 2017, the property is owned by Roger Gawn.[8]

Over the years some local people have been concerned about the state of the hall and its surrounding buildings. Parts of it are now very run-down. The following buildings were listed as At Risk as of April 2010 - Melton Constable Hall, Melton Constable Hall stable court west and north wings, Melton Constable Hall Terraces, The Bath House Melton Constable Park, and The Teahouse Melton Constable Park.

An article in the local newspaper, the Eastern Daily Press, had some details of the condition it is in and gave information about the business dealings of the owner.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Historic England. "MELTON CONSTABLE HALL (1153044)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  2. ^ Historic England. "MELTON CONSTABLE HALL NORTH WING AND STABLE COURT SOUTH WING (1373774)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Heritage At Risk". English Heritage. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
  4. ^ "Melton Constable, Norfolk". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  5. ^ Historic England. "MELTON CONSTABLE HALL (1000533)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  6. ^ Hewison, Christian H., From Shedmaster to the Railway Inspectorate, David & Charles, 1981, p.68
  7. ^ "The Go Between". Archive Alive. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  8. ^ Ali, Taz (2017-12-13). "Stately home owner cleared of criminal damage after court rules he legitimately removed trees and shrubs from tenant's garden". Eastern Daily Press. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  9. ^ "What does future hold for historic hall?". EDP24. 21 June 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2013.