Melton, East Riding of Yorkshire
Melton is a small village in the civil parish of Welton, East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated about 8 miles (13 km) west of Kingston upon Hull city centre near to the Humber Estuary and about 0.6 miles (1 km) east of the village of Welton with which it is nearly contiguous.
The village is bounded to the south by the A63 road, and is 0.6 miles (1 km) north of the Humber Estuary bank. The village is on the southern edge of the Yorkshire Wolds approximately 15 to 20 m (49 to 66 ft) above sea level, to the north-east 'Melton Hill' rises to a height of 92 m (302 ft). The A63 road passes east–west directly south of Melton, and effectively divides the low-lying clays of the Humber foreshore from the chalk uphills of the Wolds. In 2002–03 the village became part of the South Hunsley Ward of the East Riding of Yorkshire, and within the Haltemprice and Howden parliamentary constituency. South Hunsley School is located on the western fringes of the village.
The land around Melton was enclosed by Act of Parliament in 1771/3. By the beginning of the 19th century the village and environs became the dwelling place of several worthies of Kingston upon Hull; including Benjamin Blaydes (1735–1805), and J.S. Williamson at Melton Hill. In 1823 the population was 107. Melton Grange was built around 1745, Melton Hill to the higher ground north-east of the village was established in the late 1700s, Melton House was constructed around 1830; a Roman burial was discovered near Melton House around 1840, including a gold brooch.[note 1]
In 1840 the Hull and Selby Railway opened, passing Melton about 0.6 miles (1 km) south of the village.
In 1855 the land around Melton was essential rural, and used for agricultural use, with the exception of the gentrified houses and their gardens, some narrow plantations, and a small brick and tile works south of Melton Common in Melton Ings located on the bank of the Humber Estuary. The brick work's workings continued to expand in the early 1900s and had acquired a tramway system within the clay pits. By the 1920s the tile works had closed, whilst a large scale cement industry had developed; to the north of Melton chalk was extracted at Melton Bottom Quarry, [note 2] whilst south of the railway line the Humber Cement Works had been established west of Gibson Lane,[note 3] the works was connected to the main railway, and served by a small railway halt Melton Halt.[note 4] The Humber Cement Works also operated an industrial tramway south to the Humber bank, and an aerial cableway connecting the plant to a jetty on the Humber bank at West Clough.
South of the village worker's housing was constructed in the 1920s and 30s for the Humber Cement Works and for the Capper Pass tin smelter; the Capper Pass works was constructed in the 1930s for Capper Pass and Son to the south of the Hull and Selby railway line and directly east of Humber Cement.
The houses of Melton House and Melton Hill were demolished in the 1950s. South Hunsley School opened in 1956, on the site of the 1840 Eastdale, which was demolished in the late 1800s. Further houses were built in the village of Melton during the 1960s, at around the same time the scope of extraction of clay and chalk around Melton Bottom Quary was considerably expanded – the worked area expanded south and west, and the Humber Cement works clay extraction pits also expanded west into Welton Ings. The section of the A63 road passing south of Melton was opened in 1963.
The cement works closed in 1981; a plant supplying Calcium oxide for use in the plastics industry was established on the site in 1990. The Capper Pass, Melton smelting works closed and was decommissioned in the early 1990s. It was a major employer in the wider area, but also a polluter due to the nature of the work it performed; the site was thought to be responsible for a cancer cluster discovered in the west Hull area in the 1980s, as well as having affecting the health of its own employees. In the early 2000s the site was redeveloped as open air storage and industrial warehousing.
A new grade separated junction was constructed on the A63 east of Melton in 2006/7, replacing three at-grade junctions; link roads giving access to Melton Bottom and to planned business parks south of the A63 were also built. Two large 100 acres (40 ha) industrial estate/business parks Melton West and Melton Park started development south of Melton in the first decade of the 2000s; planning consent for the first phase of 'Melton West' was given in 2007, with the second phase given planning consent in 2011. St. Modwen Properties gained planning permission to develop the 'Melton Park' site in 2006/7, in 2011 the company announced it was planning to use part of the development site for residential development.
As of 2012 the quarry at Melton Bottom is owned by OMYA and produces chalk whiting. A southern working named Melton Bottom Chalk Pit is no longer worked, and is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) due to its geological content. The working quarry is known as the Welton Wold Quarry.
- The 1927/9 6" to 1 mile and 25" to 1 mile Ordnance Survey map (239NW and 239.6) records an antiquity find labelled "Roman Brooch, Bead, & Human Remains found AD 1841" at the disused Greystones Pit (chalk) north-east of Melton
- Blue Circle (1958), later a joint venture with Croxton & Garry and then OMYA. , Melton Bottom Quarry, established 1921 by W. Marshall of Hessle, supplied chalk to Humber Cement works and later began producing agricultural (1937) and putty (1946) grade chalks. Ownership passed to
- Earles Cement'). , "Humber Cement works". Established 1921 as "Humber Portland Cement Co. Ltd., original company wound up due to financial problems and from 1924 operated by G & T Earle ('
- Opened c. 1920. Originally named Melton Crossing Halt, later Melton Halt, financed by the Humber Cement Company for use by workers at the plant. The halt closed 1989.
- Ordnance Survey, 1:25000, 2006
- Gazetteer A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 8.
- Foss, Edward (1870). "Melton, William De (Archbishop of York)". Biographia juridica: a biographical dictionary of the judges of England from the conquest to the present time, 1066–1870. John Murray. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Thompson 1870, pp. 3, 51
- Burke, John; Burke, John Bernard (1847). "Blaydes of Ranby Hall". A genealogical and heraldic dictionary of the landed gentry of Great Britain & Ireland. 1. Henry Colburn.
- Bigland, John (1812). "North Ferriby". The beauties of England and Wales: or, Delineations, topographical, historical, and descriptive, of each county. 16. pp. 390, also 545.
- Baines, Edward (1823). "Melton". History, directory & gazetteer, of the county of York. 2. Edward Baines. p. 369.
- Pevsner, Nicholas; Neave, David (1995). Yorkshire: York and the East Riding, Second Edition. Yale University Press. Melton, p.742.
- Urban, Sylvanus (1840). The Gentleman's magazine (London, England). 14. William Pickering / John Bowyer Nichols and Son. p. 528.
- Ordnance Survey, 1:10560, 1855; 1:2500, 1890–1; 1:2500, 1927
- "Omya UK Ltd., Melton, East Yorkshire". www.omya.com. OMYA. Archived from the original on 15 November 2008. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- Moore, Dylan. "Cement Kilns: Humber". Cement Plants and Kilns in Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- Cook, P. Lesley; Cohen, Ruth (2003) . Effects of Mergers: Six Studies. 2. Routledge, orig. George Allen and Unwin. pp. 65–6.
- Bairstow, Martin (1995). Railways in East Yorkshire. 2. p. 80. ISBN 1871944120.
- Dyson, Mark (12 October 2010). "Disused Stations: Melton Halt". Disused Stations. Subterranea Britannica. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- Ordnance Survey, 6" to 1 mile, 1929, sheets 239SW, 239NW
- "Success Of South Hunsley School". Hull Daily Mail. 20 December 2002. Retrieved 8 July 2013 – via Europe Intelligence Wire.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Neave, David (1995). Yorkshire: York and the East Riding, Second edition. Yale University Press. Welton – Perambulation, pp.740–742.
- Ordnance Survey, 1:10560 and 1:10000, 1956, 1970
- "Omya in the United Kingdom - Humber Plant Humber Industrial Estate Gibson Lane Melton North Ferriby". www.omya.com. OMYA. Archived from the original on 2 July 2014.
- "One Year After Study : A63 Melton Grade Separated Junction" (PDF). Highways Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
- "Meltonwest – a new 100 acre mixed use business park". www.meltonwest.co.uk. Wykeland Group. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- "St Modwen : Melton Park". www.melton businesspark.co.uk. St. Modwen Properties. Archived from the original on 7 May 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "March 2007– Go Meltonwest : Planning Consent granted for Infrastructure and the first building at Phase 1". www.meltonwest.co.uk. Wykeland Group. March 2007. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- "Business park approval could create 1,400 jobs". This is Scunthorpe. 23 November 2011. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "Hotel, Offices And Warehousing Planned To Launch Major Hull Scheme". St. Modwen Properties. 12 December 2006. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "St Modwen prepares start on Melton Park". www.property-magazine.eu. 2 April 2007. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- Reed, James (22 December 2011). "Residential plan for Melton Park". www.thebusinessdesk.com. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
- "Plans to develop new family homes in business park". This is Hull and East Riding. Northcliffe Media. 16 January 2012. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "Melton Bottom Chalk Pit" (PDF). www.sssi.naturalengland.org.uk. Natural England. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- Mortimore, R.N.; Wood, C.J.; Gallois, R.W. (2001). "British Upper Cretaceous Stratigraphy (chapter 5: Northern Province, England : Melton Bottom Chalk Pit)" (PDF). Geological Conservation Review. via Joint Nature Conservation Committee jncc.defra.gov.uk. 23. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- Thompson, Thomas (1870). Researches into the history of Welton and its neighbourhood. Leng & Co.
- Gazetteer A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets (PDF). East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. Melton. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
- Media related to Melton at Wikimedia Commons