Melongenidae

The Melongenidae, the crown conchs and their relatives, are a taxonomic family of large to very large marine gastropods in the superfamily Buccinoidea. [1]

Melongenidae
Melongena corona 4.jpg
A live Melongena corona in the process of rolling over using its operculum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Caenogastropoda
Order: Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Buccinoidea
Family: Melongenidae
Gill, 1871 (1854)
Type species
Gill, 1871 (1854)
Synonyms
  • Cassidulidae Gray, 1854 (invalid: type genus a junior homonym of Cassidulus Lamarck, 1801 [Echinodermata], which is itself the type genus of Cassidulidae L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847)
  • Galeodidae Thiele, 1925 (invalid: type genus a junior homonym of Galeodes Olivier, 1791 [Arachnida])
  • † Heligmotomidae Adegoke, 1977
  • Melongeninae Gill, 1871 (1854)
  • Volemidae Winckworth, 1945

TaxonomyEdit

For a while prior to 2004, the genera Busycon and Busycotypus were placed in the Melongenidae.[2] Then, in 2004, based on their digestive systems and on cladistic analysis by Kosyan & Kantor (2004),[2] these two genera were moved to the family Busyconidae within the superfamily Buccinoidea.

According to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi (2005), the Melongenidae consists of two subfamilies:

  • Subfamily Melongeninae Gill, 1871 (1854) - synonyms: Cassidulidae Gray, 1854 (inv.); Galeodidae Thiele, 1925 (inv.); Volemidae Winckworth, 1945; Heligmotomidae Adegoke, 1977
  • Subfamily Echinofulgurinae Petuch, 1994

GeneraEdit

Genera in the family Melongenidae include:[3]

Genera brought into synonymy
  • Cassidulus Gray, 1854: synonym of Pugilina Schumacher, 1817
  • Galeodes Röding, 1798 : synonym of Melongena Schumacher, 1817
  • Semifusus Agassiz, 1846 synonym of Hemifusus Swainson, 1840
  • Thalessa H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853: synonym of Volema Röding, 1798

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Melongenidae Gill, 1871 (1854). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=160182 on 2021-02-27
  2. ^ a b Kosyan A. R. & Kantor Yu. I. (2004). "Morphology, taxonomic status and relationships of Melongenidae (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda)". Ruthenica 14(1): 9-36. abstract and preview
  3. ^ "Melongenidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.