Melle (German: [ˈmɛlə] (listen)) is a city in the district of Osnabrück, Lower Saxony, Germany. The city corresponds to what used to be the district of Melle until regional territorial reform in 1972. Since then Melle is the third largest city in Lower Saxony in terms of surface area.
|Coordinates: 52°12′16″N 8°20′20″E / 52.20444°N 8.33889°E|
|• Mayor (2021–26)||Jutta Dettmann (SPD)|
|• Total||254.00 km2 (98.07 sq mi)|
|Elevation||76 m (249 ft)|
|• Density||180/km2 (480/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Dialling codes||05422 (Melle, Gesmold, Oldendorf); 05427 (Buer); 05428 (Neuenkirchen); 05429 (Wellingholzhausen); 05226 (Riemsloh, Bruchmühlen)|
|Vehicle registration||OS, MEL|
Melle was first mentioned in a document from 1169. In 1443 Heinrich von Moers, Bishop of Osnabrück, gave Melle the privilege of a Wigbold. Osnabrück looked after Melle's interests in the Westphalian Hanseatic League. Melle belonged to the Kingdom of Hanover until 1866 when it became part of Prussia. In 1885 Amt Grönenberg and the municipality Melle formed the prussian district Kreis Melle. The district Melle later on became the municipality Melle. In 1972 the former district with its 56 municipalities were united to the city Melle which since then is part of Osnabrück (district).
Melle is situated in a valley penned between the Wiehen Hills in the North and the Teutoburg Forest in the South. The cities of Osnabrück and Bielefeld are some 30 kilometres (19 miles) away each. The Münster Osnabrück Airport is located about 60 kilometres (37 miles) to the southwest.
Neighbouring towns are Preußisch Oldendorf in the North Rhine-Westphalian Minden-Lübbecke district, Rödinghausen, Bünde and Spenge in the North Rhine-Westphalian Herford district, Werther and Borgholzhausen in the North Rhine-Westphalian Gütersloh district, as well as Dissen, Hilter, Bissendorf, and Bad Essen in the Osnabrück district.
The city consists of the eight municipalities of Melle-Mitte, Buer, Bruchmühlen, Gesmold, Neuenkirchen, Oldendorf, Riemsloh and Wellingholzhausen.
- Christian confessions:
- none: 10.061
- not known: 91
Last updated: 31 December 2007
Jutta Dettmann (SPD) is mayor of Melle, elected in 2021.
The city council is composed of 40 members. Additionally the city mayor is eligible to vote.
(As of: Local elections on 11 September 2011)
Further election resultsEdit
|CDU||SPD||The Greens||FDP||The Left||Others||Election turnout|
|State election 2013||38.8%||30.8%||13.7%||10.6%||2.2%||4.0%||61.4%|
|Federal election 2013||44.3%||30.5%||9.7%||4.8%||4.0%||6.8%||77.5%|
|European parliament election 2014||43.3%||31.0%||11.1%||3.0%||3.2%||8.3%||60.1%|
(Source: Official election results of the County of Osnabrück)
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- Bad Dürrenberg, Germany
- Cires-lès-Mello, France
- Eecke, France
- Eiken, Switzerland
- Eke (Nazareth), Belgium
- Ghent, Belgium
- Jēkabpils, Latvia
- Melle, Belgium
- Melle, France
- Niğde, Turkey
- Reinickendorf (Berlin), Germany
- Torzhok, Russia
Melle also has friendly relations with New Melle, Missouri, United States.
A substantial economic factor for Melle is the wood processing industry. Further important branches are metal, food, and plastics processing. Tetra (company) was founded in Melle. In recent years Melle has more and more become a logistics site along the A 30 motorway.
Culture and sightsEdit
There are two astronomical observatories in the surrounding of Melle providing guided tours for the public. The EXPO 2000 observatory in Melle-Oberholsten runs the largest Newtonian telescope used for public observation.
- Hermann von der Hardt (1660 – 1746), German historian and orientalist, born at Melle
- Hermann Meyer-Rabingen (1887 – 1961), German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II
- Ilse Losa (1913—2006), Portuguese writer and translator of German-Jewish origin, born at Buer in Melle
- Axel Bulthaupt (born 1966), journalist and television presenter
- Perry Leenhouts (born 1972), Dutch-American musician and producer
- ^ a b "Stichwahlen zu Direktwahlen in Niedersachsen vom 26. September 2021" (PDF). Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen. 13 October 2021.
- ^ "LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle A100001G: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen.
- ^ a b "Städtepartnerschaften". melle.info (in German). Melle. Retrieved 2021-02-23.
- ^ "Home". sternwarte-melle.de.