Meldal is a former municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 2020 when it joined Orkland Municipality. It was part of the Orkdalen region. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Meldal. Other villages included Løkken Verk, Bjørnli, Å, and Storås.

Meldal kommune
View of the lake Frilsjøen
View of the lake Frilsjøen
Official logo of Meldal kommune
Trøndelag within
Norway
Meldal within Trøndelag
Meldal within Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°03′04″N 09°44′14″E / 63.05111°N 9.73722°E / 63.05111; 9.73722Coordinates: 63°03′04″N 09°44′14″E / 63.05111°N 9.73722°E / 63.05111; 9.73722
CountryNorway
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictOrkdalen
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreMeldal
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Are Hilstad (Sp)
Area
 • Total613.37 km2 (236.82 sq mi)
 • Land592.97 km2 (228.95 sq mi)
 • Water20.40 km2 (7.88 sq mi)  3.3%
Area rank184 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2018)
 • Total3,930
 • Rank233 in Norway
 • Density6.6/km2 (17/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
1.5%
Demonym(s)meldaling [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5023
Official language formNeutral [2]
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byOrkland in 2020
Websitemeldal.kommune.no

The municipality was most renowned for its mining activities at Løkken Verk, being the birthplace of the Orkla mining company, now Orkla Group. It was also home to the annual Storåsfestivalen music festival.

At the time of its dissolution in 2020, the 613-square-kilometre (237 sq mi) municipality was the 184th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Meldal was also the 233rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 3,930. The municipality's population density was 6.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (17/sq mi) and its population had increased by 1.5% over the previous decade.[3][4]

General informationEdit

 
The area of the Storås Festival in Meldal

The prestegjeld of Meldal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). In 1839, the southern district of Meldal was separated to form the new Rennebu Municipality.[5]

On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Sør-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county.

On 1 January 2020, the municipalities of Agdenes, Orkdal, and Meldal along with the majority of Snillfjord will be merged to form the new municipality of Orkland.[6]

NameEdit

The Old Norse form of the name was Meðaldalr. The first element is meðal which means "middle" and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The municipality is named this probably because it is located in the middle of the Orkdalen valley. The name was historically spelled Meldalen.[7]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 5 February 1985. The arms are a combination of a wheel as a symbol for the local industry, and a wheat ear as a symbol for the agriculture. Both items are yellow on a red background.[8]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway had two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Meldal. It is part of the Gauldal prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Meldal
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Løkken Løkken Church Bjørnli 1929
Meldal Meldal Church Meldal 1988

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Meldal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Sør-Trøndelag District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Meldal is made up of 19 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Meldal Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Joint list of the Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)
and the Liberal Party (Venstre)
2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
Total number of members:19
Meldal Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
Total number of members:19

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Meldal was located along the Orkla River in the middle of the Orkdalen valley. The lakes Hostovatnet and Svorksjøen were located along the northern border of the municipality.

There were five municipalities that bordered Meldal: Rindal to the west, Rennebu to the south, Midtre Gauldal and Melhus to the east, and Orkdal to the north.

The Løkken Station was the terminal station on the historic Thamshavn Line railway that used to travel through the municipality.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Nye Orkland: Kommunene" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-08.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1901). Norske gaardnavne: Søndre Trondhjems amt (in Norwegian) (14 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 149.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sør-Trøndelag". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.

External linksEdit