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Melkisedek I was the first Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia, from 1010 to 1033,[1] reigning from Ani. He is revered as a saint by the Georgian Orthodox Church. Before him, heads of the Georgian Church only bore the title of Catholicos of Kartli. The unification of Georgia into a single kingdom by Bagrat III (r. 975–1014) led to the change in title.

Melkisedek I
Melkisedek I.jpg
Icon of Melkisedek
Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia
Died1033
Venerated inGeorgian Orthodox Church
CanonizedOctober 17, 2002, Georgia by Georgian Orthodox Church
FeastOctober 1

In 1031, Melkisedek successfully petitioned Bagrat III for tax immunity for the Church, demonstrating the important power the Church had at the time and its influence over the State.[2]

He visited Constantinople several times, and met with the Byzantine Emperor Basil II.

Melkisedek was glorified by the Georgian Orthodox Church on October 17, 2002. His feast is celebrated on October 1.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Grdzelidze, Tamara (2011). ""Georgia, Patriarchal Orthodox Church of"". In John Anthony McGuckin (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Eastern Orthodox Christianity. John Wiley & Sons. p. 273. ISBN 978-1-4051-8539-4. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  2. ^ Rapp, Stephen H., Jr (2007). "7 - Georgian Christianity". The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity. John Wiley & Sons. p. 146. ISBN 978-1-4443-3361-9. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
  3. ^ http://www.pravoslavie.ru/english/7335.htm