Open main menu

The Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line (名鉄名古屋本線, Meitetsu Nagoya Honsen) or Nagoya Line is a railway line operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu), connecting Toyohashi Station in Toyohashi with Meitetsu Gifu Station in Gifu.

Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
1000 series EMU
A Meitetsu 1000 series "Panorama Super" EMU on a limited express service
Overview
Other name(s)Nagoya Line
Native name名鉄名古屋本線
TypeCommuter rail
LocaleAichi
Gifu
TerminiToyohashi
Meitetsu Gifu
Stations60
Daily ridership221,098[1] (2008)
Operation
Opened1 September 1944 (1944-09-01) (as it is today)[2]
OwnerMeitetsu
Technical
Line length99.8 km (62.01 mi)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
ElectrificationOverhead catenary 1,500 V DC
Operating speed120 km/h (75 mph)
3500 series EMU on a commuter service

Since its amalgamation in 1944 (see History section) this has been the Meitetsu main line. Many branch lines of Meitetsu have through services to/from the Nagoya Line. Toyokawa, Nishio, Tokoname (which has its through services with Airport, Kōwa, Chita), and Inuyama lines all have through services bound for Meitetsu Nagoya, making the segment around that station extremely busy. Between Biwajima Junction and Kanayama, 26 trains proceed per hour, even during off-peak periods. All the stations accept manaca, a smart card.

The line largely parallels the Tōkaidō Main Line in the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area (Greater Nagoya). Local traffic on the Nagoya Line used to be much heavier than on the Tōkaidō Main Line, but since the privatization of the Japanese National Railways (JNR), transforming into the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in this area, competition has become more significant in the Chūkyō area.

Due to historical reasons, the line shares its track between Hirai Junction and Toyohashi Station with the JR Iida Line. The agreement between two companies prohibits Meitetsu to have more than 6 trains in one direction per hour on the 3.8 km of shared tracks. Consequently, local trains are unable to reach Toyohashi, instead, terminate at Ina Station.

Contents

Basic dataEdit

  • Distance: 99.8 km (approx. 62.0 mi.)
  • Stations: 60
  • Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  • Track:
    • Quadruple: Jingū-mae to Kanayama
    • Double: Hirai Signal Box to Jingū-mae, Kanayama to Meitetsu Gifu
    • Single: Toyohashi to Hirai Signal Box (A shared track with JR Iida Line, virtually double-tracked)
  • Electric supply: 1,500 V DC
  • Block system: Automatic
  • Maximum speed at service: 120 km/h (85 km/h between Toyohashi and Hirai Signal Box.)

Service patternsEdit

L: Local (普通, Futsū)
SE: Semi Express (準急, Junkyū)
EX: Express (急行, Kyūkō)
RE: Rapid Express (快速急行, Kaisoku Kyūkō)
LE: Limited Express (特急, Tokkyū)
RL: Rapid Limited Express (快速特急, Kaisoku Tokkyū)
MU: μSKY Limited Express (ミュースカイ, Myū Sukai)

StationsEdit

For abbreviations of rapid trains, refer to the above section. For distances and connections, see the route diagram. Trains stop at stations marked "●" and pass stations marked "|".

Some trains stop at stations indicated by "▲". At Sukaguchi, Limited Expresses only from Tsushima Line stop (which is marked "τ"). For distances and transfers, see the route diagram.

No. Station Japanese Local Semi

Express

Express Rapid

Express

Limited

Express

Rapid

Express

μSKY

Limited Express

Location
  Toyohashi 豊橋 No service To
Chubu
Centrair
International
Airport
To
Chubu
Centrair
International
Airport
Toyohashi Aichi
N/A Hirai Junction 平井信号場 No passengers No passengers
  Ina 伊奈 Toyokawa
  Odabuchi 小田渕 | | | |
  国府
  Goyu 御油 | | | |
  Meiden-Akasaka 名電赤坂 | | | |
  Meiden-Nagasawa 名電長沢 | | | |
  Motojuku 本宿 Okazaki
  Meiden Yamanaka 名電山中 | | | |
N/A Maiki Junction 舞木信号場 No passengers No passengers
  Fujikawa 藤川 | | |
  Miai 美合
  Otogawa 男川 | |
  Higashi-Okazaki 東岡崎
  Okazakikōen-mae 岡崎公園前 | |
  Yahagibashi 矢作橋 | |
  Utō 宇頭  | |
  Shin-Anjō 新安城 | Anjō
  Ushida 牛田 | | | Chiryū
  Chiryū 知立
  Hitotsugi 一ツ木 | | | | Kariya
  Fujimatsu 藤松 | | | |
  Toyoake 豊明 | | Toyoake
  Zengo 前後 | |
  Chūkyō-keibajō-mae 中京競馬場前 | | Midori, Nagoya
  Arimatsu 有松 | |
  Sakyōyama 左京山 | | |
  Narumi 鳴海 |
  Moto-Hoshizaki 本星崎 | | | | Minami, Nagoya
  Moto-Kasadera 本笠寺 | | |
  Sakura | | | |
  Yobitsugi 呼続 | | | |
  Horita 堀田 | | Mizuho, Nagoya
  Jingū-mae 神宮前 Atsuta, Nagoya
  Kanayama 金山 Naka, Nagoya
  Sannō 山王 | | | | | | Nakagawa, Nagoya
  Meitetsu-Nagoya 名鉄名古屋 Nakamura, Nagoya
  Sakō 栄生 | | | | Nishi, Nagoya
  Higashi-Biwajima 東枇杷島 | | | | | |
N/A Biwajima Junction 枇杷島分岐点 No passengers Kiyosu
  Nishi-Biwajima 西枇杷島 | | | | | |
  Futatsuiri 二ツ杁 | | | |
  Shinkawabashi 新川橋 | | | | | |
  Sukaguchi 須ヶ口 τ | |
  Marunouchi 丸ノ内 | | | | | |
  Shin-Kiyosu 新清州 | | |
  Ōsato 大里 | | | Inazawa
  Okuda 奥田 | | | | | |
  Kōnomiya 国府宮
  Shima-Ujinaga 島氏永 | | | | | |
  Myōkōji 妙興寺 | | | | | | Ichinomiya
  Meitetsu Ichinomiya 名鉄一宮
  Imaise 今伊勢 | | | | | |
  Iwato 石刀 | | | | | |
  Shin-Kisogawa 新木曽川 |
  Kuroda 黒田 | | | | | |
  Kisogawa-zutsumi 木曽川堤 | | | | | |
  Kasamatsu 笠松 | Kasamatsu, Hashima Gifu
  Ginan 岐南 | | | | | | Ginan, Hashima
  Chajo 茶所 | | | | | | Gifu
  Kanō 加納 | | | | | |
  Meitetsu Gifu 名鉄岐阜
1: Some trains of the marked line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya.
2: All trains of Inuyama line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya.
2: Some trains of Takehana Line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Gifu.

HistoryEdit

Four different companies built sections of the line, which were subsequently amalgamated and linked to create today's line.

  • The Nagoya Electric Railway opened the Ōshikirichō to Marunouchi section (Ichinomiya, Tsushima, Kiyosu Line), dual track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. Transferred to Nagoya Railway (old) in 1921.
  • The Bisai Railway opened the Kōnomiya to Ichinomiya section (Nakamura Line), single track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1924. Merged with Nagoya Railroad in 1925 (changes name to Kōnomiya Branch Line).
  • The Mino Electric Railway opened the Kasamatsu to Gifu section (Kasamatsu Line), single track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. Merged with Nagoya Railroad in 1930, and the company changed its name to Meigi Railway.

The Marunouchi to Kōnomiya section was opened by the Nagoya Railway in 1928, the Ichinomiya to Kasamatsu section was opened by the Meigi Railway in 1935, and by 1935 the line was dual track as far as Kanō. Meanwhile, the Aichi Electric Railway opened the Jingu-mae to Arimatsu section in 1917 (Arimatsu Line), electrified at 600 V DC, and extended the line to Toyohashi in 1927 (becoming the Toyohashi Line). The Narumi to Yahagibashi section was double-tracked in 1924, and by 1935, the line was double-tracked from Horita to the Hirai Signal Box. The voltage on the line was increased to 1,500 V DC in 1925.

In 1935 the Aichi Electric Railway merged with Meigi Railway, and the company changed its name to Nagoya Railroad. The Jingū-mae to Horita section was double-tracked in 1942, and in 1944, the Nagoya to Jingū-mae section opened as dual track, linking the two sections, although through-running was not possible until the voltage on the Nagoya to Gifu section had been increased to 1,500 V DC in 1948. The line was renamed the Nagoya Main Line.

Former connecting linesEdit

  • Marunouchi Station: The Nagoya Electric Railway opened a 1 km line to Kiyosu-Chō, electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930. Services were deemed non-essential and ceased in 1944, and the line was formally closed in 1948 when the voltage on the main line was increased to 1,500 V DC.
  • Ichinomiya Station: The Nagoya Electric Railway opened a 7 km line electrified at 600 V DC from Iwakura on its Inuyama Line in 1913. The voltage on the line was increased to 1,500 V DC in 1948, and the line closed in 1965.
  • Gifu Station: Two lines connected here via the Gifu tram system (which itself closed in 2005):

The Mino Electric Railway opened an 18 km 1,067 mm gauge line electrified at 600 V DC to Hon Ibi in 1928. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1930, the line closed in 2001. An 11 km 1,067 mm gauge branch from Kurono (5 km from Hon Ibi) was opened by the Tanigumi Railway to its namesake town in 1926, electrified at 600 V DC. The company merged with Meitetsu in 1944, and the line closed in 2001.

The Nagara Light Railway opened a 5 km 1,067 mm gauge line to Takatomi in 1915, and was acquired by the Mino Electric Railway in 1920, which electrified the line at 600 V DC, merging with Meitetsu in 1930. The line closed in 1960.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia.

  1. ^ 各鉄軌道会社のご案内 (Report). Japan Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 19 December 2010.
  2. ^ 曽根, 悟 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese), Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc. (8), p. 3, ISBN 978-4-02-340138-9 Missing or empty |title= (help)

External linksEdit