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Meir Shamgar (Hebrew: מאיר שמגר) (August 13, 1925 – October 18, 2019) was the chief justice of the Israeli Supreme Court from 1983 to 1995.

Meir Shamgar
Meir Shamgar.jpg
Native name
מאיר שמגר
Born(1925-08-13)August 13, 1925
DiedOctober 18, 2019(2019-10-18) (aged 94)
CitizenshipIsraeli
Alma materHebrew University of Jerusalem
University of London
EmployerIsraeli Supreme Court
TitlePresident (1983–95)
Parent(s)Eliezer and Dina Sterenberg
Awards1996 Israel Prize for special contribution to society and the State of Israel

BiographyEdit

 
Shamgar at the age of 18
 
Shamgar in detention in Eritrea, 1946

Meir Shamgar (Sterenberg or Sternberg) was born in the Free City of Danzig (present-day Gdańsk, Poland) to Eliezer and Dina Sterenberg.[1][2] His parents were Revisionist Zionists. He immigrated to Palestine in 1939.[2] He attended high school at the Balfour Gymnasium in Tel Aviv.

He joined the Palmach and served in Company D. He then joined the Irgun. He was arrested in 1944 for anti-British activities, and interned in Africa at a detention camp in Eritrea. While in detention in Eritrea he studied law by a correspondence course with the University of London.[2][3][4][5] Fellow inmates in Eritrea included Yitzhak Shamir and Shmuel Tamir.[6] He participated in an escape attempt.

In 1948, with the establishment of Israel, he was returned to Israel with the other detainees, where he enlisted in the Israel Defense Forces and participated in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.[5][7]

After the war, he studied history and philosophy at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and law at the Government Law School of the University of London.[7]

On the morning of 18 October 2019, it was announced in Israeli media outlets that Shamgar had died. He was 94.

Legal careerEdit

Following his studies, Shamgar rejoined the army as a military prosecutor. He was appointed Deputy Military Advocate General in 1956, and Military Advocate General in 1961.[8] Following the Six-Day War, he designed the legal infrastructure of the Israeli military government in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. He attained the rank of Brigadier General.[7] After retiring from the military, he served as Attorney General from 1968 to 1975.[9] In 1975, he was appointed a justice of the Israeli Supreme Court. In 1982, he was appointed Deputy President of the Supreme Court, and in 1983, he became the chief justice of the Supreme Court.[10] He retired in 1995.

In 1996 Shamgar chaired the Commission of Inquiry into the murder of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.[7]

Personal lifeEdit

Shamgar had three children with his wife Geula, who died in 1983.[11] After her death, he married Michal Rubinstein, a retired judge who served as Vice President of the Tel Aviv District Court.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sleeman, Elizabeth (2003). The international Who's Who 2004. Europa publications. p. 1527.
  2. ^ a b c Who Rules Israel?.
  3. ^ Middle East Report, Issues 180–185. Middle East Research & Information Project. 1993.
  4. ^ "Justice Meir Shamgar, Democracy Award Laureate". The Israel Democracy Institute. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
  5. ^ a b Israel's Holocaust and the Politics of Nationhood. Cambridge University Press. 2005. p. 215.
  6. ^ Herzog, Chaim (1996). Living History. Pantheon Books.
  7. ^ a b c d "Meir Shamgar". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved December 30, 2009.
  8. ^ מעריב (in Hebrew). August 20, 1961.
  9. ^ קקגף. - יועץ משפטי לממשלה - דבר (in Hebrew). June 17, 1968.
  10. ^ Meir Shamgar Becomes President of Israel’s Supreme Court at 58
  11. ^ http://www.nrg.co.il/online/1/ART2/745/816.html

External linksEdit