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Meglena Shtilianova Kuneva (Bulgarian: Меглена Щилиянова Кунева; born 22 June 1957) is a Bulgarian and EU politician.

Meglena Kuneva
Meglena Kuneva 2013.jpg
Leader of the Bulgaria for Citizens Movement
Assumed office
December 2011
Preceded byPosition established
European Commissioner for Consumer Protection
In office
1 January 2007 – 9 February 2010
PresidentJosé Manuel Barroso
Preceded byMarkos Kyprianou (Health and Consumer Protection)
Succeeded byJohn Dalli (Health and Consumer Policy)
Personal details
Born (1957-06-22) 22 June 1957 (age 61)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Political partyCommunist Party (Before 1989)[citation needed]
National Movement for Stability and Progress (2001–2011)
Bulgaria for Citizens Movement (2011–present)
Spouse(s)Andrey Pramov
Alma materSofia University

Contents

BiographyEdit

Born in Sofia, Kuneva is descended from a Catholic family[1] from the town of Rakovski. She graduated in Law from Sofia University in 1981, and in 1984 she became a Doctor of Law.[citation needed] She worked as a journalist for the Law Programme of the Bulgarian National Radio while being an Assistant Professor at Sofia University. In 1990 she took a job as Senior Legal Advisor at the Council of Ministers and held it until 2001. In the meantime Kuneva specialized in Foreign Affairs and Environmental Law at Georgetown University and the University of Oxford.[2]

In June 2001 she was elected a deputy (Member of Bulgarian Parliament) as a founding member of the Liberal Simeon II National Movement (NDSV) party. In August 2001 Kuneva left her position in the Bulgarian parliament because she was appointed Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chief Negotiator of the Republic of Bulgaria with the European Union. She represented the Bulgarian Government in the Convention on the Future of Europe (the European Convention), which designed the EU Constitutional Treaty (the European Constitution).

In May 2002 she was appointed Bulgaria's first Minister of European Affairs in the government of former Tsar Simeon Sakskoburggotski. She held that job even after the 2005 parliamentary elections, when NDSV became a junior partner in the Bulgarian Socialist Party-dominated coalition government of Sergey Stanishev – the only minister of the former cabinet to retain her post.

On 26 October 2006 Kuneva was nominated to be Bulgaria's first member of the European Commission. European Commission President Jose Manuel Durao Barroso assigned her the portfolio of Consumer Protection.[3] Kuneva was decisively approved by the European Parliament on 12 December 2006 with 583 votes "in favour", 21 votes "against" and 28 votes "abstentions". She commenced her mandate as EU Commissioner on 1 January 2007, when Bulgaria officially joined the EU. On 22 January 2007 Meglena Kuneva took an Oath as a European Commissioner at the European Court in Luxembourg. One of her first acts as a European Commissioner was to criticize the iPod and its effects on the youth in Bulgaria.[citation needed]

During her term in office, Kuneva was interested in online data collection (of personal data), profiling and behavioral targeting, and in particular is looking for "enforcing existing regulation on the Internet and to regulate where adequate response to consumer concerns on the issue of data collection".[4]

Other activitiesEdit

Political positionsEdit

In October 2013, Kuneva announced her opposition to the ban on land sale to foreigners that was voted by the Bulgarian Parliament.[7] This closely matches the stand the European Commission has taken on the matter.

In December 2013 she said that "she felt more pity than anger toward" Plamen Oresharski because he is not the real decision maker in the Council of Ministers.[8]

Personal lifeEdit

Meglena Kuneva is married to financier Andrey Pramov, a son of the secretary of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party (1962–1978), and they have one son – Aleksandar.[2] In addition to her native Bulgarian, she is fluent in English, French, and Russian. Kuneva's hobby is listening to classical music.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Who Is Who: Meglena Kuneva - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency". novinite.com. m3web.bg.
  2. ^ a b Lilov 2013, p. 65.
  3. ^ "President Barroso presents the Commissioner designate for Bulgaria". europa.eu.
  4. ^ Behavioural targeting at the European Consumer Summit, 8 April 2009
  5. ^ Members European Council on Foreign Relations.
  6. ^ tress@abv.bg. "2008 Vick Prize Jury:European Commissioner, Professors and a Film Director". www.vickfoundation.com.
  7. ^ "Ban on Land Sale to Foreigners Serves Bulgaria's Oligarchs - Kuneva - Novinite.com - Sofia News Agency". novinite.com. M3 Web.
  8. ^ Higgins, Andrew (24 December 2013). "Change Comes Slowly for Bulgaria, Even With E.U. Membership". NYTimes.com.
  9. ^ Lilov 2013, p. 64.
Bibliography
Lilov, Grigor (2013). Най-богатите българи (1st ed.). Sofia: „Кайлас” ЕООД. ISBN 978-954-92098-9-1.

External linksEdit

Political offices
New office Bulgarian European Commissioner
2007–2010
Succeeded by
Kristalina Georgieva
Preceded by
Markos Kyprianou
as European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection
European Commissioner for Consumer Protection
2007–2010
Succeeded by
John Dalli
as European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy