Megan Lloyd George
Lady Megan Arvon Lloyd George, CH (22 April 1902 – 14 May 1966), born Megan Arvon George, was a Welsh politician, who became the first female Member of Parliament (MP) for a Welsh constituency. She also served as Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party, before later becoming a Labour MP. In 2016, she was named as one of "the 50 greatest Welsh men and women of all time".
Lady Megan Lloyd George
|Member of Parliament |
28 February 1957 – 14 May 1966
|Preceded by||Rhys Hopkin Morris|
|Succeeded by||Gwynfor Evans|
|Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party|
|Preceded by||Percy Harris (1945)|
|Succeeded by||Donald Wade (1962)|
|Member of Parliament |
30 May 1929 – 24 October 1951
|Preceded by||Robert Thomas|
|Succeeded by||Cledwyn Hughes|
Megan Arvon George
22 April 1902
Criccieth, Caernarfonshire (present-day Gwynedd), Wales
|Died||14 May 1966 (aged 64)|
She was the youngest child of David Lloyd George and his wife, Margaret, being born in 1902 in Criccieth, Caernarfonshire. Her name at birth was registered as "Megan Arvon George", but she was known as "Megan Lloyd George". After her father was raised to the peerage as Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, she was accorded the style of Lady Megan Lloyd George.
Lloyd George was imaginative and "sprite-like" when young, and was described in the local press as a "daring sceptic", disliking her father's stories of Daniel in the lions' den. Around the age of five, she would travel with her father to their house in Brighton, and delight his guests by bringing them an early morning cup of tea while they were still in bed.
Along with her father, she refused to support Ramsay MacDonald's National Government in 1931 and successfully held Anglesey as an opposition Liberal at the 1931 General Election. She held the seat again as a Liberal from 1935 to 1951. During World War II, she was a member of Radical Action, which called for a more radical political stance and for the party to withdraw from the war-time electoral truce.
Throughout the 1940s and 1950s she campaigned for a Welsh Parliament and the creation of a Secretary of State for Wales. Prominent among the radicals in the Liberal Party, she opposed what she saw as the party's drift away from her father's brand of liberalism. During the late 1940s, Lloyd George remained on friendly terms with Clement Attlee and there were rumours that she would join the Labour Party. In 1949, Lloyd George was elected Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party in a bid to create unity, but after losing her seat she stood down in 1952.
In 1955, Lloyd George defected to the Labour Party. In 1957, she stood against the Liberals as the Labour Party candidate at a by-election in Carmarthen and won the seat, which she held until her death from breast cancer at Pwllheli in 1966, aged 64.
- "The 50 Greatest Welsh Men and Women of All Time". Wales Online.
- Mosley, Charles (ed.) (2003). Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 107th edn. London: Burke's Peerage & Gentry Ltd. p. 2375 (LLOYD-GEORGE OF DWYFOR, E). ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- "Megan Lloyd George - A "Daring Sceptic" at five years of age!". Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald and North and South Wales Independent. 7 October 1910. Retrieved 24 August 2016 – via Welsh Newspapers Online.
- "Lloyd George and Megan - Welsh Household in Downing-Street". Carnarvon and Denbigh Herald and North and South Wales Independent. 7 May 1909. Retrieved 24 August 2016 – via Welsh Newspapers Online.
- "Miss Megan Lloyd George". Evening Express. 25 August 1910. Retrieved 24 August 2016 – via Welsh Newspapers Online.
- Jones 1993, p. 329-30.
- David Howell, "Baker, Philip John Noel-, Baron Noel-Baker (1889–1982)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2012; accessed 30 July 2012
- "No. 43981". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 May 1966. p. 5786.
Books and JournalsEdit
- Jones, J. Graham (June 1993). "The Liberal Party and Wales, 1945-79". Welsh History Review. 16 (3): 326–55. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- Jones, J. Graham, entry in Dictionary of Liberal Biography Brack et al. (eds.) Politico's Publishing, 1998
- Jones, J. Graham, 'A breach in the family: the defection from the Liberal Party of Megan and Gwilym Lloyd George'
- Jones, Mervyn. A Radical Life: The Biography of Megan Lloyd George, 1902-66. London: Hutchinson, 1991. ISBN 0-09-174829-1
- Price, Emyr Megan Lloyd George; Gwynedd Archives Service, 1983
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Megan Lloyd George
- "Archival material relating to Megan Lloyd George". UK National Archives.
- David Lloyd George Exhibition, National Library of Wales
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Robert Thomas
| Member of Parliament for Anglesey
1929 – 1951
Sir Rhys Hopkin Morris
| Member of Parliament for Carmarthen
1957 – 1966
|Party political offices|
Previous incumbent: Percy Harris
| Deputy Leader
of the Liberal Party
1949 – 1951
Next incumbent: Donald Wade