Meg Heather Lees AO (née Francis, born 19 October 1948) was a member of the Australian Senate from 1990 to 2005, representing the state of South Australia. She represented the Australian Democrats from 1990 to 2002, and was her party's leader from 1997 – 2001. After being deposed by Natasha Stott Despoja, she quit the party to sit as an independent senator in 2002, adopting the party designation Australian Progressive Alliance from 2003 until her electoral defeat in 2005. As party leader, she controversially facilitated passage of the Howard Government's Goods and Services Tax (GST).
|Leader of the Australian|
3 April 2003 – 30 June 2005
|Preceded by||Party established|
|Succeeded by||Party abolished|
|6th Leader of the Australian Democrats|
15 October 1997 – 6 April 2001
|Deputy||Natasha Stott Despoja|
|Preceded by||Cheryl Kernot|
|Succeeded by||Natasha Stott Despoja|
|5th Deputy Leader of the|
2 October 1991 – 15 October 1997
|Preceded by||John Coulter|
|Succeeded by||Natasha Stott Despoja|
|Senator for South Australia|
4 April 1990 – 30 June 2005
|Preceded by||Janine Haines|
Meg Heather Francis
19 October 1948
Mount Riverview, New South Wales, Australia
|Political party||Progressive Alliance|
|Democrat (until 2002) |
(m. 1971; div. 1996)
|Education||Strathfield Girls High School|
|Alma mater||Sydney Teachers' College|
University of Sydney
University of Adelaide
(Ingleburn High School)
(Mount Gambier High School)
(Department of Education)
She was born in the Blue Mountains, west of Sydney. She became a teacher at Ingleburn High School and married Keith Lees, a fellow teacher, in about 1971. In 1974 they moved to Mount Gambier, where their two daughters were born. After both Keith and Meg became involved in the Australian Democrats, they moved to Adelaide, but the pressures of political activity led to the breakdown of their marriage. On Christmas Eve 2000, shortly before she was deposed as the Democrats' leader in the Senate, Lees was remarried to Adelaide lawyer Matthew Mitchell.
Leadership of the Australian DemocratsEdit
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Cheryl Kernot defected to the Australian Labor Party in October 1997, and Lees was called upon to stand in as acting leader. She was officially chosen as Kernot's replacement in December, with Natasha Stott Despoja becoming her deputy.
During her time as leader, the Democrats strengthened the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Act, improved the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, negotiated the GST tax reform and maintained the general oversight role of the Democrats in the Senate through a number of Senate inquiries.
In 1999, Prime Minister John Howard proposed the idea of a Goods and Services Tax. It was opposed by the Labor Party, the Australian Greens and independent Senator Brian Harradine, which meant that it required Democrat support to pass. In an election fought on tax, the Democrats publicly stated that they liked neither the Liberal (GST) tax package or the Labor package, but pledged to work with whichever party was elected to make their tax package better. They campaigned with the slogan "No GST on food". A majority of the senators in the party room agreed to pass the bill if some amendments were made, mostly to exclude fresh food and essential items such as basic medicines. Stott Despoja stated that she was unhappy with the outcome, particularly the GST on books. Both Stott Despoja and Queensland Senator Andrew Bartlett would ultimately cross the floor to vote against the GST package.
However, a significant number of Democrat members remained unhappy with the GST deal, and began to agitate for a change in leadership. Under the Democrat constitution, a petition of 100 members can trigger a leadership ballot of all the members. On the initial ballot, Meg Lees was returned unchallenged. Subsequently, the Democrats faced a decline in the polls which, by April 2001, were indicating that several senators would lose their seats at the elections due for later that year. The members agitated again for a leadership ballot and, this time, Stott Despoja announced her intention to challenge Lees for the leadership, and was successful, replacing her on 6 April 2001.
In mid-2002, Lees began vocally opposing Stott Despoja's leadership, claiming that it had moved the party too far to the left. This culminated in Lees leaving the party to sit as an independent in July 2002.
Australian Progressive AllianceEdit
In April 2003 Lees announced the founding of the Australian Progressive Alliance, which she claimed would have a more centrist view than the Democrats. However, she was defeated at the October 2004 election and her term expired on 30 June 2005.
- Gerald Ryle "Meg Lees: The Unauthorised Story", Sydney Morning Herald, 19 June 1999
- Cumming, Fia. "Natasha: I'm through making sacrifices for politics". The Sun-Herald 7 April 2002. Accessed 30 December 2016
- Wright, Tim. (ed), 2007, 30 Years Australian Democrats
- Meg Lees, Senate Biography
- Lees, Meg Heather in The Encyclopedia of Women and Leadership in Twentieth-Century Australia
|Party political offices|
| Leader of the Australian Democrats
1997 – 2001
Natasha Stott Despoja
| Leader of the Australian Progressive Alliance
2003 – 2005