Media in Chennai

The article speaks about the many print, television and radio networks that dominate Chennai city's mass media market.

Print mediaEdit

 
The offices of The Hindu and the now-defunct The Mail in Anna Salai

Newspaper publishing started in Chennai with the launch of a weekly, The Madras Courier, in 1785.[1] It was followed by the weeklies The Madras Gazette and The Government Gazette in 1795. The Spectator, founded in 1836, was the first English newspaper in Chennai to be owned by an Indian and became the city's first daily newspaper in 1853.[2] The first Tamil newspaper, Swadesamitran, was launched in 1899.[1] The first Telugu journal printed in Madras was Satya Doota in 1935.[3]

Chennai has six major print media groups that publish about eight major newspapers and magazines. The major English dailies are The Hindu, The Times of India, The New Indian Express and The Deccan Chronicle evening dailies, The Trinity Mirror and The News Today. As of 2012, The Hindu was the city's most read English newspaper, with a daily circulation of 5.4 lakh copies.[4] The major business dailies published from the city are The Economic Times, The Hindu Business Line, Business Standard, and The Financial Express. The major Tamil dailies include the Dina Thanthi, Dinakaran, Dina Mani, Dina Malar, Tamizh Ossai, Tamil Murasu, Theekkathir Makkal Kural and Malai Malar., October 2007 Missing or empty |title= (help) Many local newspapers cater to particular localities and neighborhoods.

Magazines published from Chennai include Ananda Vikatan, Kumudam, Kalki, Nakkheeran Tamil Investigation Magazine,Kungumam, Swath (Telugu magazine), Frontline, and Sportstar.[5]

TelevisionEdit

Doordarshan runs three terrestrial television channels, DD CHENNAI (DD-1), DD NEWS (DD-2), and DD Podhigai, and one satellite television channel, Podhigai TV, from its Chennai centre, which was set up in 1974. Private Tamil satellite television networks like Sun TV, Zee Tamil, Raj TV, Star Vijay, Colors Tamil, Jaya TV, Makkal TV and Kalaignar TV Thamizhan TV broadcast out of Chennai.

The Sun Network, a Rs. 4,395 crore public firm, is based in the city and is the country's second-largest broadcasting company, in terms of viewership share.[6][7] Some of its TV shows have generated the highest television rating points in the country. In addition to owning 19 TV channels in all major South Indian languages, the group owns FM radio stations in over eleven cities and some Tamil magazines and newspapers.[7][8][9]

SCV is the major cable TV service provider. Direct-to-home (DTH) is available via DD Direct Plus, Dish TV, Tata Sky, Sun Direct DTH, BIG TV, Airtel Digital TV and Videocon d2h. Chennai is the first city in India to have implemented the Conditional Access System for cable television.[10]

RadioEdit

Radio broadcasting started from the radio station at the Rippon Buildings complex, founded in 1930, and was shifted to All India Radio in 1938.[1] The city has two AM and ten FM radio stations, operated by Anna University, All India Radio and private broadcasters.

No. Radio Station name Frequency
1. All India Radio Chennai (AIR Chennai) Akashvani Chennai 720 kHz 783 kHz, 1017 kHz, 4920 kHz, 7160 kHz 101.4 MHz, 102.3 MHz
2. Anna FM (Anna University, Chennai) 90.4 MHz
3. Loyola FM (Loyola College, Chennai) 90.8 MHz
4. Radio City 91.1 MHz
5. M.O.P. FM (Mop Vaishnav College, Chennai) 107.8 MHz
6. Aahaa FM 91.9 MHz
7. Big 92.7 FM (Big 92.7, Chennai) 92.7 MHz
8. Suryan FM (Suryan FM, SunTV Network) 93.5 MHz
9. Radio One FM 94.3 MHz
10. Radio Mirchi 98.3 MHz
11. Rainbow FM 101.4 MHz
12. Gold FM 102.3 MHz
13. Gyan Vani FM 104.2 MHz
14. Chennai Live 104.8 FM, Muthoot Group 104.8 MHz
15. Hello FM, Malar Publications 106.4 MHz
16. Ezhisai FM, Ezhisai www.ezhsaifm.com

Web mediaEdit

  • Chennai News Wire: the first dedicated website for news wires in Chennai; contains the latest press releases and Chennai news[11]
  • Local News Online: exclusive local news website; launched in 2013; penetrates into Chennai and neighborhood news[12]
  • Neighbourhood Local Chennai News: the first dedicated website for Chennai's neighbourhood news; contains the latest press news and Chennai news[13]
  • Press Release Website: the first dedicated website for press releases in Chennai; contains the latest press releases and Chennai news[14]

KollywoodEdit

 
AVM Studios

The Tamil Film Industry, based in Kodambakkam and Vadapalani area of Chennai, is the second most popular branch of Indian cinema.[15][16] The word Kollywood is a portmanteau of Kodambakkam and Hollywood. The AVM Studios located in this area is the oldest surviving studio in India.[17]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Historical Events at a Glance". District Profile. Govt. of Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original on 30 July 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2007.
  2. ^ "A landmark's last vestiges vanish". The Hindu. 3 February 2003. Archived from the original on 5 December 2007. Retrieved 4 October 2007.
  3. ^ Veṅkaṭēśvararāvu, Nārla; Committee, Narla Shashtyabdapurti Celebration (1968). Studies in the history of Telugu journalism: presented to V. R. Narla on the occasion of his shashtyabdapurti. Narla Shashtyabdapurti Celebration Committee; [distributors: Andhra Pradesh Book Distributors, Secunderabad.
  4. ^ "How Deccan Chronicle stormed Chennai". Rediff.com. 4 May 2005. Retrieved 4 October 2007.
  5. ^ "Chennai Media". lifeinchennai.com. Archived from the original on 8 August 2009. Retrieved 27 July 2009.
  6. ^ "Sun TV Network Ltd". Rediff.com. Retrieved 7 October 2007. The market capitalization of Sun TV Network Ltd. is Rs. 4,395 crores, based on the closing price of Rs. 319 per share, as of 5 October 2007.
  7. ^ a b "How Maran helped Sun beat rivals". Rediff.com. 4 May 2005. Retrieved 7 October 2007.
  8. ^ "TV Channels". Sun TV Network Ltd. Retrieved 7 October 2007.
  9. ^ "FM Radio". Sun TV Network Ltd. Retrieved 7 October 2007.
  10. ^ "Conditional Access System in South Delhi from December 15". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 6 December 2003. Retrieved 7 September 2007.
  11. ^ http://chennainewswire.com
  12. ^ http://localnewspaper.in
  13. ^ http://chennaisonline.com
  14. ^ http://pressreleasechennai.com Archived 2014-12-09 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ NULL. "Prime Focus expands India operations". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  16. ^ Sreedhar Pillai, TNN, 4 Oct 2010 TOI, Crucial time for Tamil Cinema
  17. ^ "When studios dotted Vadapalani". The Hindu. 15 July 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2011.