Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation

The Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation (Turkish: Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi Kurumu or MKEK or Makina ve Kimya Endüstrisi or MKE for short), established in 1950, is a reorganization of government-controlled group of factories in Turkey that supplied the Turkish Armed Forces with military products.

Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation
TypePublic company
IndustryDefence
Founded15 March 1950
FounderTurkish Government
HeadquartersAnkara, Turkey
Area served
Armed forces
ProductsAssault rifles
Ammunition
Artillery systems
Aerial bombs
Land mines
Explosives
Rockets
RevenueIncrease Turkish lira symbol black.svg 2.585.363.506 2019[1]
OwnerTurkey: 100%
Number of employees
7430
Websitehttp://www.mkek.gov.tr

HistoryEdit

Its roots lie in the "Tophane-i Amire" ("Royal Arsenal") built in the latter part of the 15th Century to supply the Ottoman Empire's artillery corps with cannon, powder, and shot. This was reorganized in 1832 as the "Tophane Müşavirliği" ("Arsenal of Ordnance and Artillery Marshalship") and was later formed in a department of "Harbiye Nezareti" (Ministry of War) in 1908. After World War I and the following "Young Turks" revolt, it was reorganized as the "General Directorate of Military Factories" in 1923. Today, the MKE is made up of 12 facilities that employ 7,430 personnel.[2][3]

ProductsEdit

 
MKEK munitions on IDEF 2007
 
40mm RPG by MKEK
 
120 and 155mm ammunition by MKEK
 
MK-84 and MK-82 by MKEK

The corporation mainly produces equipment for the Turkish Armed Forces, such as the ammunition for small arms and heavy weapons, artillery systems, aerial bombs, mines, explosives, and rockets. MKEK also manufactures civil-purpose products such as steel, brass, and electrical parts and equipment. Its large range of defense industry products are not only demanded in Turkey, but are exported to more than 40 countries worldwide.

In 2011, the company has sold military products to 29 countries worldwide.[4] The first smoothbore gun for Altay main battle tank was introduced in 2011.

  • Production groups:
    • Ammunition Group
    • Rocket Group
    • Weapons Group
    • Explosives, Propellants, and Pyrotechnic Products Group
  • Company and factories: there are 11 factories and 1 company affiliated with MKE located in three major manufacturing hubs:
    • Kırıkkale
      • Ammunition Factory
      • Brass Factory
      • Heavy Weapons Factory And Steel Foundry
      • Explosives Factory
      • Small-Arms Weapons Factory (Kırıkkale Arsenal Co.)
    • Ankara
      • Explosive & Propellant Factory
      • Machinery and Gas-Mask Factory MAKSAM
      • Pyrotechnics Factory
      • Scrap Recycling Plant
      • Small-Arms Ammunition Factory
    • Çankırı
      • Medium-Caliber Weapons Factory
    • İzmit
      • Scrap Recycling Plant

MKE Maksam Machine and Mask FactoryEdit

MKE Maksam (Turkish: Maksam Makine Ve Maske Fabrikasi Müdürlüğü or MAKSAM for short) was founded in 1920.[5] The company's line of business includes the manufacturing of surgical appliances and supplies also CBRN masks and products, various masks are produced for the army and civilians.[6][7] During COVID-19 pandemic Maksam produced millions of Surgical Mask, FFP3 Type Mask, Protective Coverall, Goggles Type A-B, Face Protection Visor Type C, Protective Gloves, Panoramic Mask Set, P13 Plastic Strainer and MKE Surgical Mask Production Machines.[7]

SAHRA Mechanical RespiratorEdit

Apart from masks and protective equipment, SAHRA Mechanical Respirator was produced by making use of local and national facilities in order to provide basic respiratory support to COVID-19 patients. SAHRA is ready for mass production by the end of May 2020 and has a weekly production capacity of 500 pieces.[8]

 
Mkek THK 15 plane.

AircraftEdit

 
MKEK 155 mm tracked self-propelled howitzer T-155 Fırtına[19]

VehiclesEdit

 
MKE TAMGEÇ mine-clearing line charge system.[22]

Engineering and Ammunition Resupply VehiclesEdit

 
Bora-12 (MKEK JNG-90)

WeaponsEdit

 
Rheinmetall MG 3 made by MKEK in Kırıkkale under license since 1974[24] for the Turkish Armed Forces and Turkish Gendarmerie.[25]

Small Arms[26]Edit

Heavy Weapons[38]Edit

Protective gearEdit

Museums of the MKEEdit

Sports clubs associated with the MKE[54]Edit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.iso500.org.tr/marka-detay/birinci500/2019/Makina-ve-Kimya-Endustrisi-Kurumu-MKEK-Genel-Mudurlugu_90/1
  2. ^ "Arşivlenmiş kopya". Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "MKEK Resmi Web Sitesi, Kurumsal -> Tarihçe sayfası" (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 19 November 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ (in Turkish) MKEK, 5 kıtaya silah sattı kar rekoru kırdı, Hurriyet, 4 March 2012
  5. ^ "MKE Maksam Makina VE Maske Fabrikasi Mudurlugu - Company Profile and News". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  6. ^ "MKE Maksam Makina ve Maske Fabrikası".
  7. ^ a b "Dünyaya maske üreten işte o fabrika". Archived from the original on 21 May 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "24 saat aralıksız üretiyorlar, gelecek ay seri üretime geçecek". Archived from the original on 28 April 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ "About: MKEK-1". dbpedia.org. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  10. ^ Deniz 2004
  11. ^ Taylor 1989, 683
  12. ^ "THK-2"
  13. ^ Cebeci, 2004
  14. ^ a b "www.tayyareci.com ugur tayyaresi, uğur, mkek ugur, mkek uğur .. 1951 - 2006 Period TUAF AIRCRAFT 1951 - 2006 dönemi Turk HvKK UCAKLARI". www.tayyareci.com. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  15. ^ a b "The Turkish Air League". Flight. LV (2100): 350–52. 24 March 1949. Retrieved 2008-10-27.
  16. ^ Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 683.
  17. ^ Krasil'shchikov 1991, 98
  18. ^ "Türkiye'nin ilk askeri eğitim uçağı MKEK-44 Uğur". www.savunmasanayiidergilik.com. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  19. ^ a b "MKEK catalogue" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-09. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  20. ^ [1] Archived 29 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine Türkiye'nin yeni obüsü 'Yavuz' geliyor
  21. ^ [2] Archived 15 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine MKEK's "Yavuz" Will Be At IDEF 2017
  22. ^ a b c "TAMKAR – Mayınlı Sahalarda Geçit Açma Sistemi". Savunma Sanayi (in Turkish). 2018-02-09. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  23. ^ "aselsan info".
  24. ^ [3] Archived February 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ [4] Archived April 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ mkek.gov.tr/tr/products.aspx?id=52&source=Products
  27. ^ "TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY PRODUCT CATALOGUE". www.ssb.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  28. ^ Kökçü, Ata Ahmet (2019-05-23). "KAAN-717 Karabina Tipi Piyade Tüfeği". DefenceTurk (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h Army Recognition. "Turkish Military Forces". Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  30. ^ "Mehmetçik Bu Silahı İlk Kez Kullandı Videosu". video.milliyet.com.tr. Retrieved 5 September 2015.[permanent dead link]
  31. ^ "MKEK - Mechanical and Chemical Industry Company". mkek.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  32. ^ "MKEK - Mechanical and Chemical Industry Company". mkek.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  33. ^ "MKEK - Mechanical and Chemical Industry Company". mkek.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  34. ^ Src="https://Secure.gravatar.com/Avatar/6d2cce6506157a7dc7bad172010b9764?s=60, <img; #038;d=mm; ki, #038;r=g" width="60" height="60" alt="Avatar" class="avatar avatar-60wp-user-avatar wp-user-avatar-60 alignnone photo avatar-default" /> askar bey dedi (2020-10-26). "MOT-919 Milli Otomatik Tabanca". Turkish Defence Agency (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-06.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  35. ^ "MKE'den yeni milli silah projesi | SavunmaSanayiST" (in Turkish). 2019-10-25. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  36. ^ Kırıkkale 24 (2019-10-28). "MKEK'den Milli Otomatik Tabanca | Kırıkkale 24 Haber ve Haberleri" (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  37. ^ "MPT-76 ve MPT-55'de seri üretim devam ediyor - Son Dakika haberleri". www.dha.com.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-06.
  38. ^ mkek.gov.tr/tr/products.aspx?id=52&source=Products
  39. ^ "TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY PRODUCT CATALOGUE". www.ssb.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-14.
  40. ^ a b c "TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY PRODUCT CATALOGUE". www.ssb.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-14.
  41. ^ "mke 60mm".
  42. ^ "mke ut1".
  43. ^ "MKEK - Mechanical and Chemical Industry Company". mkek.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-12-08.
  44. ^ "MO-120 RT-61 (Mortier 120mm Raye Tracte Modele F1)". www.militaryfactory.com. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  45. ^ Fire resistance tests. Fire dampers for air distribution systems, BSI British Standards, doi:10.3403/bsiso10294
  46. ^ https://www.defenceturk.net/105mm-boran
  47. ^ https://www.haber365.com.tr/teknoloji-haberleri/tskda-boran-donemi-h171406.html
  48. ^ "TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY PRODUCT CATALOGUE". www.ssb.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  49. ^ "TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY PRODUCT CATALOGUE". www.ssb.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-14.
  50. ^ "TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY PRODUCT CATALOGUE". www.ssb.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-14.
  51. ^ a b c "TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY PRODUCT CATALOGUE". www.ssb.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  52. ^ https://www.mkek.gov.tr/tr/page.aspx?id=110
  53. ^ "Arşivlenmiş kopya". Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  54. ^ "MKE'den sponsorluk açıklaması". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  55. ^ "Tarihçe". Ankaragücü Resmi Web Sitesi (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-03-30.

External linksEdit