Meccan boycott of the Hashemites

This is a sub-article to Muhammad before Medina

The Meccan banishment of the Hashemites was a public banishment against the clan of Banu Hashim, declared in 616 (7th year of Prophethood) by the leaders of Banu Makhzum and Banu Abd-Shams, two important clans of Quraysh. According to tradition, the banishment was carried out in order to put pressure on Banu Hashim to withdraw its protection from Muhammad.[1][2]

The terms imposed on Banu Hashim, as reported by Ibn Ishaq, were "that no one should marry their women nor give women for them to marry; and that no one would trade with them, and when they agreed on that they wrote it in a deed."[3] The banishment lasted for three years but eventually collapsed mainly because it was not achieving its purpose; the banishment had caused extreme privation and the sympathizers within the Quraysh finally united to annul the agreement.[2][4]

OverviewEdit

It became a source of great troubles for the Muslims. They were forced to do their second migration to an area called Shib Abi Talib or Shib Abi Hashim where they suffered hunger.[5] The boycott was ended in 619, the Year of Sorrow.

HistoryEdit

...These days were very hard with them and very often they had to feed on the leaves TALH or plantain" [6]

The banishment included even Hashemites that had not accepted Islam.[7] [8]

End of banishmentEdit

According to Muslim tradition, the parchment holding the banishment declaration was found to be eaten by termites except the name of Allah.[9][10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Francis E. Peters, The Monotheists: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Conflict and Competition, p.96
  2. ^ a b Moojan Momen, An Introduction to Shi'i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shiʻism, Yale University Press, p.4
  3. ^ Francis E. Peters, Mecca: A Literary History of the Muslim Holy Land, Princeton University Press, 1994, ISBN 0-691-03267-X, p.54
  4. ^ Daniel W. Brown,A New Introduction to Islam, Blackwell Publishing, p.76, 2004, ISBN 0-631-21604-9
  5. ^ "Answering-Ansar.org :: Our 20 questions". Archived from the original on 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2006-07-25.
  6. ^ taken from Siratun Nabi by Shibli Numani Vol 1 p 218, English translation by M. Tayyib Bakhsh Budayuni [1] Archived 2006-08-24 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ www.islam4theworld.com
  8. ^ Taken from Tarikh al-Tabari, Volume 6 page 81 - Muhammad at Mecca (book), translated by William Montgomery Watt & M.V. MacDonald [2] Archived 2006-08-24 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ http://www.pbuh.us/prophetMuhammad.php?f=MK_Boycott
  10. ^ http://aboutislam.net/shariah/prophet-muhammad/social-boycott-early-muslims-story/