Meccan boycott of the Hashemites

This is a sub-article to Muhammad before Medina

The Meccan banishment of the Hashemites was a public banishment against the clan of Banu Hashim, declared in 616 (7th year of Prophethood) by the leaders of Banu Makhzum and Banu Abd-Shams, two important clans of Quraysh. According to tradition, the banishment was carried out in order to put pressure on Banu Hashim to withdraw its protection from Muhammad.[1][2]

The terms imposed on Banu Hashim, as reported by Ibn Ishaq, were "that no one should marry their women nor give women for them to marry; and that no one would trade with them, and when they agreed on that they wrote it in a deed."[3] The banishment lasted for three years but eventually collapsed mainly because it was not achieving its purpose; the banishment had caused extreme privation and the sympathizers within the Quraysh finally united to annul the agreement.[2][4]


It became a source of great troubles for the Muslims. They were forced to do their second migration to an area called Shib Abi Talib or Shib Abi Hashim where they suffered hunger.[5] The boycott was ended in 619, the Year of Sorrow.


...These days were very hard with them and very often they had to feed on the leaves TALH or plantain" [6]

The banishment included even Hashemites that had not accepted Islam.[7] [8]

End of banishmentEdit

According to Muslim tradition, the parchment holding the banishment declaration was found to be eaten by termites except the name of Allah.[9][10]


  1. ^ Francis E. Peters, The Monotheists: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in Conflict and Competition, p.96
  2. ^ a b Moojan Momen, An Introduction to Shi'i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shiʻism, Yale University Press, p.4
  3. ^ Francis E. Peters, Mecca: A Literary History of the Muslim Holy Land, Princeton University Press, 1994, ISBN 0-691-03267-X, p.54
  4. ^ Daniel W. Brown,A New Introduction to Islam, Blackwell Publishing, p.76, 2004, ISBN 0-631-21604-9
  5. ^ " :: Our 20 questions". Archived from the original on 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2006-07-25.
  6. ^ taken from Siratun Nabi by Shibli Numani Vol 1 p 218, English translation by M. Tayyib Bakhsh Budayuni [1] Archived 2006-08-24 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^
  8. ^ Taken from Tarikh al-Tabari, Volume 6 page 81 - Muhammad at Mecca (book), translated by William Montgomery Watt & M.V. MacDonald [2] Archived 2006-08-24 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^
  10. ^